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Energy Resources for State and Local Governments

State and Local Energy Publications

On this page:

State and Local Energy Publications

State and Local Guide to U.S. EPA Program Resources
This guide is designed to help state and local governments connect with EPA programs that can help them meet regulatory requirements and expand or develop their own clean energy and climate initiatives.

Clean Energy Financing Programs: A Decision Resource for States and Communities
This guide is intended to help government staff understand and make decisions about clean energy financing programs for their jurisdiction. 

Bringing the Benefits of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to Low-Income Communities
This series of case studies and program profiles to highlight effective efforts by state and local agencies, non-profits, and utilities to bring energy efficiency and renewable energy to low-income communities. 

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State and Tribal Energy Publications

Aligning Utility Incentives with Energy Efficiency Investment
This paper describes the financial effects on a utility of its spending on energy efficiency programs, how those effects could constitute barriers to more aggressive and sustained utility investment in energy efficiency, and how adoption of various policy mechanisms can reduce or eliminate these barriers.

Quantifying the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: A Guide for State and Local Governments
This guide, updated in 2018, is intended to help state and local energy, environmental, and economic policy makers and analysts identify and quantify the energy, environmental and economic benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy. It provides a comprehensive review of these benefits, together with an analytical framework that states can use to assess those benefits during the development and implementation of clean energy policies and programs. It includes descriptions of methods, tools and resources analysts can use, key considerations and tips when assessing benefits, and examples from state and local governments.

EM&V for Energy Efficiency Policies and Initiatives
This paper describes the status of energy efficiency policies and initiatives, identify associated energy efficiency objectives, and provides discussion and examples of how evaluation, measurement and verification is typically tailored to those policies or initiatives.

Energy and Environment Guide to Action
This guide provides in-depth information about over a dozen policies and programs that states are using to meet their energy, environmental, and economic objectives. Each policy description is based on states’ experiences in designing and implementing policies.

Including Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Policies in Electricity Demand Projections
EPA is providing a methodology that states responsible for developing State Implementation Plans for ozone or other criteria air pollutants could use to estimate their own electricity impacts.

Model Energy Efficiency Program Impact Evaluation Guide
This document provides guidance on model approaches for calculating energy, demand, and emissions savings resulting from energy efficiency programs. It describes several standard approaches that can be used for calculating savings, defines terms, provides advice on key evaluation issues, and lists efficiency evaluation resources.

Roadmap for Incorporating Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Policies and Programs into State and Tribal Implementation Plans
Introduces the four pathways available for incorporating energy efficiency and renewable energy (EE/RE) policies and programs in State and Tribal Implementation Plans, answers frequently asked questions, provides basic information on how to get started and includes a decision flowchart to help agencies determine which pathway is appropriate for each EE/RE strategy.

Understanding Cost-Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs: Best Practices, Technical Methods, and Emerging Issues for Policy-Makers
This paper reviews the issues and approaches involved in considering and adopting cost-effectiveness tests for energy efficiency. It discusses the five standard cost-effectiveness tests and clarifies key terms.

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Local Energy Publications

Effective Practices for Local Energy Programs
These tip sheets were inspired by the experiences and expertise of EPA local government grantees. Each tip sheet focuses on a different aspect of program implementation and highlights best practices and helpful resources and recommended resources for other communities interested in pursuing similar projects.

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in Low-Income Communities
This guide helps state and local staff connect with EPA initiatives that can assist them in expanding or developing their own EE/RE and climate initiatives in ways that benefit low-income communities.

Green Banking Strategies for Local Governments 
This primer provides a basic explanation of green banks, the benefits they offer, issues local governments might consider when deciding whether to create a green bank, and several case studies. It also provides information on other green banking opportunities for local governments.

Local Program Model Design Guide
This guide was developed for local program implementers (i.e., energy efficiency, renewable energy, and combined heat and power) to help create or transition to program designs that are viable over the long term by considering how programs create and deliver value for target audiences and partners, how they raise revenue, and how they can operate cost effectively.

Local Government Strategy Series
This series provides a straightforward overview of strategies that local governments can use to achieve economic, environmental, social, and human health benefits. The series covers energy efficiency, renewable energy, transportation, community planning and design, and solid waste and materials management.

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