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Superfund Sites in Reuse in Georgia

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Armstrong World Industries Pollinator Habitat Reuse

The Armstrong World Industries Superfund site is located in Macon, Georgia. It includes 130 acres and is divided into northern and southern parcels. The northern parcel is made up of a manufacturing area and includes the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) area, the 7.7-acre sludge storage landfill, known as the WWTP landfill, and a 3.8-acre landfill referred to as the Woodyard Landfill. The southern parcel contains a landfill referred to as the Armstrong Remote Landfill. EPA proposed the site for listing on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2010. Following cleanup of the WWTP landfill in 2016, the area is now a thriving pollinator meadow. The Armstrong Macon Meadow is planted with over 50 locally native plants representing the natural history of central Georgia; the area provides habitat for bees, butterflies, birds and other species. Collaboration among Region 4, Armstrong World Industries and the nonprofit Pollinator Partnership made the meadow possible. In addition to providing environmental and educational benefits, the meadow is a sustainable and cost-effective alternative to mowing the landfill cap several times a year. It also provides erosion control, keeping the engineered cap’s soil cover in place.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Camilla Wood Preserving Company Athletic Fields Reuse

A view of the completed large, open, multi-use soccer fields on the siteCamilla Wood Preserving CompanyThe 54-acre Camilla Wood Preserving Superfund site is located in Camilla, Georgia. Wood preserving facilities were active on site from 1947 to 1991. Facility operations resulted in soil and groundwater contamination. EPA led investigations and short-term cleanups between 1991 and 2007. Cleanup included wastewater treatment and disposal, site fencing, and removal of contaminated soil, equipment and debris. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1998. Additional cleanup activities are addressing contamination on the eastern part of the site. The City of Camilla used EPA Superfund Redevelopment Initiative pilot funding for a reuse planning process led by a community-based committee. The committee determined that the site would be an ideal location for a soccer complex. It also identified the community’s other recreation priorities. Today, the Mitchell County Recreation Complex on site offers several soccer fields and an RV park. Site reuses also include an aerobics classroom, office space for the county’s Parks & Recreation Department, a concession stand and parking. In 2012, EPA Region 4 recognized the City of Camilla and Mitchell County with its Excellence in Site Reuse award. The City and County have also drawn up plans for more recreational uses at the site. Potential future uses include basketball courts, baseball fields, batting cages, a playground, picnic tables and a volleyball court. New trails could also connect the site with downtown Camilla after cleanup.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 5 people. For additional information click here.

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Cedartown Industries, Inc.

The Site is currently being leased to H&W Transfer Company for truck parking and maintenanceCedartown Industries, Inc.The 7-acre Cedartown Industries, Inc. Superfund site is located in Cedartown, Georgia. Industrial activities started on site in 1874. Operators performed iron-ore smelting, secondary lead smelting, and pump-and-plow blade manufacturing. In 1986, an inspection by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division found that site activities had contaminated soil, sediment and groundwater with heavy metals. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990. Later that year, cleanup workers removed and disposed of slag, contaminated debris, soil, wastewater and sediment. In 1996 and 1997, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) performed additional cleanup activities. Cleanup included the excavation and on-site treatment of contaminated soil and long-term groundwater monitoring as well as land and groundwater use restrictions. After cleanup finished, EPA took the site off the NPL in 2006. The current site owners purchased the property in August 1984 and lease it out for trucking business operations.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 45 people and generated an estimated $10,000,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Albany Plant)

Cooper continues to lease the building, using it as a distribution centerFirestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Albany Plant)The 329-acre Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Albany Plant) Superfund site is located near Albany, Georgia. Built in 1967, the facility included a 1.84-million-square-foot building with a courtyard area for material handling and shipping. Firestone Tire and Rubber Company made tires on site from 1968 to 1986. As part of shutting down its operations, the company completed voluntary site assessment and cleanup activities. Cooper Tire purchased the facility and made tires on site until 2009. A 1988 site inspection found that site activities had contaminated groundwater. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Cleanup activities included the excavation of contaminated soil, extraction and treatment of contaminated groundwater, groundwater monitoring, and well construction and water use restrictions. Soil cleanup finished in 1998. Groundwater cleanup is ongoing. Careful planning allowed for the continued use of the site throughout the cleanup process. Hilco Real Estate purchased the site property in late 2011. The company demolished most of the facility in 2012 to make the land more marketable. It sold the site property to W.P. Carey, a real estate development firm, in 2014. Part of the site is leased to Cooper Tire for use as a distribution center.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 21 people and generated an estimated $107,934,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Hercules 009 Landfill Capped Site Reuse

Basking logs in the pond on siteHercules 009 LandfillThe 16.5-acre Hercules 009 Landfill Superfund site is located in Brunswick, Georgia. From 1948 to 1980, Hercules, Inc. used 7 acres at the northern end of the site, known as the 009 Landfill, to dispose of waste. In March 1980, sampling by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (Georgia EPD) identified contamination on site. As a result, Georgia EPD canceled Hercules’ permit to operate the landfill. In 1982, site operations ceased. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. In 1991 and 1993, EPA issued cleanup plans that included stabilizing on-site soil and sludge, installing a cap over the landfill, monitoring groundwater, surface water and sediment in the on-site pond and the drainage ditch next to the site, and long-term landfill cap maintenance. Taking advantage of the location of the landfill cap, a car dealership located north of the site worked with the potentially responsible party to return the site to use in a manner compatible with cleanup activities. The car dealership fenced and paved the top of the capped landfill to create a parking lot to display its cars. This use has helped to further preserve the integrity of the capped landfill. Hercules also worked with the Wildlife Habitat Council to obtain a Conservation Certification for the southern pond area on site. The company installed wildlife cameras, basking logs and cover boards to attract insects and reptiles. The cameras have documented raccoons, foxes, squirrels and birds at the site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business.  EPA did not have further economic details related to this business. For additional information click here.

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LCP Chemicals Georgia

LCP Chemicals GeorgiaLCP Chemicals GeorgiaThe 813-acre LCP Chemicals Georgia Superfund site is located in Brunswick, Georgia. The site consists mainly of tidal marsh. A variety of industrial plants operated at the site between the early 1920s and 1994. Manufacturing activities, including an oil refinery, a paint manufacturing company, a power plant and a chlor-alkali plant, caused contamination at the site. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in June 1996. Cleanup is ongoing. In September 2015, EPA selected the final remedy for the tidal march. Since then, EPA has been working with the Department of Justice on the Consent Decree for the marsh. Remedial design work for the marsh is the next step. After coordinating closely with EPA, Glynn County decided to use part of the site property for a county detention center. Honeywell Corporation, the current site owner, and the County finalized a $475,000 agreement for use of a 35-acre tract for the 610-bed jailhouse. The $27.4 million facility opened in September 2014 and includes administrative office space for the Glynn County Sheriff's Office.
Last updated July 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 98 people. For additional information click here.

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Luminous Processes, Inc.

Luminous Processes, Inc.Luminous Processes, Inc.The 1-acre Luminous Processes, Inc. Superfund site is located in Athens, Georgia. For more than 35 years, the Luminous Processes company used radioactive isotopes to make glow-in-the-dark watch and clock dials on site. The company abandoned the site property in 1980, leaving behind a contaminated building and radioactive soil. In 1981, EPA proposed the site for listing on the National Priorities List (NPL) and provided funds to the State of Georgia to carry out the cleanup. State contractors excavated 18,000 cubic feet of contaminated soil, shipped off more than 2,400 drums and disposed of nearly 500 millicuries of radium-226. Excavated areas were then backfilled with clean fill and seeded with grass. Cleanup took five weeks and finished in December 1982; EPA never had to finalize the site’s listing on the NPL. Today, a fast-food restaurant is located on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 30 people and generated an estimated $610,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Macon Naval Ordnance Plant

The 433-acre Macon Naval Ordnance Plant Superfund site is located in Macon, Georgia. From 1941 to 1965, the U.S. Navy manufactured ordnance and conducted metal plating on site. From 1965 to 1981, various companies continued operations at the site, including ordnance manufacturing, metal plating and seat belt manufacturing. Improper handling, storage and disposal of hazardous substances resulted in site-wide contamination. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2013. EPA notified several potentially responsible parties in 2015; negotiations are ongoing for them to conduct the site’s remedial investigation and feasibility study. Macon-Bibb County Industrial Authority’s Allied Industrial Park continues to operate on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 16 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 643 people and generated an estimated $75,247,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Marzone Inc./Chevron Chemical Co.

The Banner Grain & Peanut CompanyMarzone Inc./Chevron Chemical Co.The Marzone Inc./Chevron Chemical Co. Superfund site is located in Tifton, Georgia. Chevron Chemical Company owned and operated a pesticide and herbicide formulation plant on part of the site from 1950 to 1970. Several other companies, including Marzone Chemical Company, owned and operated the plant from 1970 to 1983. From the late 1960s to 1992, different companies, including Golden Seed, operated a formulation and packaging plant for pesticides and fertilizers on another part of the site. Operations at both plants resulted in contamination of soil, sediment and groundwater. In 1989, EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL). Cleanup activities by the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) included the removal of contaminated soil and sediment, groundwater treatment, groundwater use restrictions, and monitoring of the natural breakdown of contaminants. EPA cleanup also included the decontamination of buildings and equipment. Groundwater cleanup is ongoing. The Banner Grain & Peanut Company continued to operate on site during cleanup. The company’s peanut processing and storage facility remains active on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 6 people and generated an estimated $486,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Monsanto Corp. (Augusta Plant)

The 75-acre Monsanto Corporation Superfund site is located in an industrial park in Augusta, Georgia. Chemical plant operations involving the production of phosphoric acid began at the site in 1962. Over the years, the Monsanto Corporation dumped wastes and sludge in two small landfills on site. Contamination from these landfills eventually spread to the groundwater. In 1984, EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL). Under the direction of EPA and the State, Monsanto Corporation cleaned up the site, removing the contents of both landfills and transporting the waste to a licensed facility. The company also built a system to clean up contaminated groundwater. EPA took the site off the NPL in 1989. The cleanup protects the health and safety of the public and the environment while enabling the facility to continue to operate, retaining jobs and income in the community. Prayon, the current owner of the facility, purchased the site property from Monsanto in 1999. The company continues to manufacture phosphoric acid on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 80 people and generated an estimated $25,185,185 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Peach Orchard Road PCE Groundwater Plume Site

Peach Orchard Rd PCE Groundwater Plume SitePeach Orchard Road PCE Groundwater Plume SiteThe 350-acre Peach Orchard Road PCE Groundwater Plume Superfund site is located in Augusta, Georgia. Area land uses include small shopping centers, dry cleaners, gas stations, auto salvage yards and automotive repair shops. EPA determined that four of nine area dry cleaners contributed to contamination in groundwater. In 2005, EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL). Cleanup activities include groundwater treatment and soil removal and treatment. EPA made sure that residential and commercial uses at the site could continue during cleanup.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 7 people and generated an estimated $243,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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T.H. Agriculture & Nutrition Co. (Albany Plant) 

T.H. Agriculture & Nutrition Co. (Albany Plant)T.H. Agriculture & Nutrition Co. (Albany Plant)The 12-acre T.H. Agriculture & Nutrition Co. (Albany Plant) Superfund site is located in Albany, Georgia. Two pesticide formulation facilities operated on site from the 1950s to the 1980s. Waste handling operations resulted in contamination of soil, sediment and groundwater. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Cleanup activities included pumping and treating groundwater, treating contaminated soil, monitoring air quality and groundwater, and placing restrictions on land and groundwater use. Two businesses now operate on site – a welding and industrial supply business and a construction company.
Last updated February 2018

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 26 people and generated an estimated $8,246,364 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Woolfolk Chemical Works, Inc. Capped Site Reuse Green Infrastructure Reuse

The Woolfolk Chemical Works, Inc. Superfund site is located in Fort Valley, Georgia. For more than 60 years, the Woolfolk Chemical Plant produced a variety of agricultural pesticides on site. Over time, many of the chemicals used at the plant seeped into the ground and polluted the groundwater. In 1990, EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL). EPA cleaned up polluted soil, contaminated groundwater and residences. Today, homes once affected by the site’s contamination are clean and remain in use. EPA also supported the community’s reuse planning efforts for the site with a Superfund Redevelopment pilot grant. Today, Fort Valley's library, office space and welcome center stand as a testament to the successful collaboration between EPA and the community. EPA continues to work with the community to integrate local reuse priorities as part of the cleanup for remaining parts of the site. A bus company reuses a paved portion of the site to park buses. The City of Fort Valley also hosts several local festivals on site, including the ComSouth Hambone Jam and an annual fall festival.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 7 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 53 people and generated an estimated $11,634,443 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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