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Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

Superfund Sites in Reuse in North Carolina

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Aberdeen Pesticide Dumps

The Aberdeen Pesticide Dump Superfund site occupies about 33 acres near Aberdeen in Moore County, North Carolina. The site includes a former pesticide formulation plant (the Farm Chemicals Area) and four waste disposal areas. The waste disposal areas include the Twin Sites Area, the Fairway Six Area, the McIver Dump Area and the Route 211 Area. Pesticide formulation and related waste disposal practices contaminated soil, sediment, surface water and groundwater. Between 1985 and 1989, EPA and the responsible parties conducted cleanup activities at the five site areas. Cleanup included the removal of contaminated soil, demolition of contaminated buildings and groundwater cleanup. In 1989, EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL). Soil cleanup is now complete. Water treatment and monitoring is ongoing. The Farm Chemicals Area is now home to an industrial and construction supply store, a gourmet coffee roaster and a commercial mini-storage warehouse facility. The Twin Sites Area now provides recreation opportunities for the community, supporting a walking trail, pedestrian bridge and fishing in Pages Lake.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 8 people and generated an estimated $4,742,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Barber Orchard

The 438-acre Barber Orchard Superfund site is located just outside of Waynesville, North Carolina. From 1908 to 1988, Barber Orchard grew apples for commercial markets. The growers used pesticides and insecticides on trees and fruit. The growers pumped these chemicals across the property using underground piping. After foreclosing on the site property in 1988, the bank divided the land into several parcels and sold them for various uses. In the late 1990s, investigations found that the long-term use of pesticides and leaking pipes had contaminated site soil and groundwater. From 1999 to 2001, EPA and the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) removed contaminated soil from the yards of 28 homes. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in September 2001. In 2004 and 2005, the Town of Waynesville connected 32 parcels at the site to the public water supply. In 2010 and 2011, EPA and NCDENR cleaned up remaining site contamination. Long-term groundwater monitoring is ongoing. Agricultural production, homes, a church, and commercial and light industrial businesses are located on parts of the site. Since the completion of the soil cleanup, four new homes have been built on the site. EPA expects that most of the vacant land remaining at the site will be developed as a residential area.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 4 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 32 people and generated an estimated $1,330,020 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Benfield Industries, Inc. Capped Site Reuse

Haywood Vocational Opportunities facility including parking areasBenfield Industries, Inc.The 6-acre Benfield Industries Superfund site is located in Waynesville, North Carolina. From 1971 to 1983, Benfield Industries mixed and packaged bulk chemicals for resale at the site. The facility handled and stored paint thinners, solvents, sealants, cleaners, de-icing solutions and wood preservatives. In 1982, a fire destroyed most on-site structures and ended industry operations at the site. After the fire, the North Carolina Department of Human Resources (NCDHR) ordered the facility owner to remove all debris and cover the site with clean soil. A state inspection in 1985 found that site activities had contaminated soil and groundwater. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. EPA performed additional cleanup activities, including treatment of contaminated soil and groundwater. After the soil cleanup, Haywood Vocational Opportunities (HVO) showed interest in purchasing the vacant site property for a facility expansion. The company is the largest manufacturer of custom medical drapes in the United States. HVO also provides employment opportunities and job training to people with disabilities. EPA’s work with HVO to address the company’s concerns led to HVO’s purchase of the site property at auction in 2002. The company built its manufacturing and training facilities on 4 acres. The company designated 2 acres for green space. HVO completed the site’s redevelopment in 2004. With HVO’s cooperation, EPA is working to clean up residual soil and groundwater contamination under the facility parking lot. Today, HVO is the fifth-largest employer in the county. In 2013, EPA Region 4 recognized the company with its Excellence in Site Reuse award.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 416 people and generated an estimated $35,000,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Bypass 601 Ground Water Contamination Capped Site Reuse

A-1 Mini Storage, a vehicle, boat and RV trailer storage business, operates at the former Martin Scrap Recycling (MSR) site propertyBypass 601 Ground Water ContaminationThe 13-acre Bypass 601 Ground Water Contamination Superfund site is located in Concord, North Carolina. Martin Scrap Recycling (MSR) operated a battery salvage and scrap metal recycling facility at the site from 1966 to 1986. MSR recovered scrap metal, mostly lead, from scrap vehicle batteries. Operators collected and disposed of waste in a surface impoundment on site. MSR also used 10 other disposal locations around the city, creating additional source areas that are also part of the Superfund site. Investigations in the mid-1980s found that site operations and waste disposal practices contaminated debris, soil, sediment and groundwater with lead and volatile organic compounds. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1986. In 1992, early EPA cleanup actions included removal of lead-contaminated soil and debris from four source areas and stockpiling it at the MSR facility. The site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) led additional cleanup, digging up contaminated soil, sediment and debris, stabilizing some waste materials, and placing the wastes under a cap. Cleanup also included the use of natural processes to address groundwater contamination, land and groundwater use restrictions, and groundwater monitoring. Cleanup finished in 1999. After cleanup, EPA removed seven of the 10 source areas from the NPL listing. Groundwater monitoring is ongoing. Today, a storage business operates on site. The business uses the capped area of the MSR property to store containers and park recreational vehicles. The business office is also located on site, just outside of the capped area. Cleanup also enabled continued residential and commercial uses across the 10 source areas.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 4 people and generated an estimated $426,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Celanese Corp. (Shelby Fiber Operations) Capped Site Reuse

The 450-acre Celanese Corp. (Shelby Fibers Operation) Superfund site is located in Shelby, North Carolina. The Celanese Corporation (Celanese) operated a plant on the site, producing filament thread and polyester staples for apparel and bedding products. Starting in the 1960s, Celanese discharged chemical wastes into an on-site ditch and burning and burying facility wastes on site. Between 1970 and 1979, Celanese stored drums of waste chemicals and solvents on a 3-acre portion of the site. Celanese began investigating site contamination in 1981. These investigations determined that facility operations and waste disposal activities had contaminated groundwater, soil and sediment. Contaminants of concern include heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), inorganic chemicals and volatile organic compounds. In 1986, EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL). EPA and the State worked with Celanese to address contaminated soil and build a groundwater treatment system. In the mid-1990s, Celanese agreed to connect nearby residential properties to the public water supply. Groundwater monitoring is ongoing. The on-site facility continues to operate, but in a limited capacity.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 225 people and generated an estimated $20,227,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Charles Macon Lagoon and Drum Storage

The 41-acre Charles Macon Lagoon and Drum Storage Superfund site is located just outside of Cordova, North Carolina. A waste oil recycling facility and antifreeze manufacturing plant operated at the site from 1979 to 1982. An EPA investigation found that site activities had contaminated soil and groundwater. Early cleanup actions by EPA included removing waste and oil from the site, and excavating on-site waste lagoons and refilling them with clean soil. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987. In the mid-1990s, the site’s potentially responsible parties cleaned up an on-site lagoon and installed groundwater and soil vapor extraction systems. Groundwater treatment and monitoring are ongoing. Currently, the site supports residential and agricultural land uses, as well as recreational hunting and fishing activities.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Davis Park Road TCE

The 20-acre Davis Park Road TCE Superfund site is located in Gastonia, North Carolina. The site includes residential and commercial areas affected by contaminated groundwater. In 1990, the Gaston County Environmental Health Department performed routine water sampling in a residential subdivision. The samples contained high levels of contamination. Site investigations in the early 1990s identified wastes discharged by an auto repair shop as the source of the groundwater contamination. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1999. In 2000, EPA connected surrounding residential properties to alternate water supplies. EPA also installed water treatment systems on affected wells. Long-term operation and maintenance responsibilities have been transferred to the State. Groundwater monitoring is ongoing. The Cedar Oak Park subdivision remains on site; it includes 20 acres of residential areas. Commercial businesses also operate on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 2 people and generated an estimated $551,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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FCX, Inc. (Washington Plant) Core Infrastructure Reuse

Loading bays for a trucking distribution companyFCX, Inc. (Washington Plant)The 12-acre Farmers’ Cooperative Exchange (FCX), Inc. (Washington Plant) Superfund site is located in Washington, North Carolina. FCX operated a farm supply distribution center on site from 1945 to 1985. The center repackaged and sold pesticides, herbicides and tobacco-treating chemicals. During site operations, pesticide and insecticide handling and disposal practices contaminated soil and groundwater. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Cleanup included removal of contaminated soil, groundwater extraction and treatment, and monitoring the natural breakdown of groundwater contaminants. Park Boat Company operates a storage facility in the former FCX warehouse. Other commercial businesses operate on the northwestern part of the site. In 2010, the North Carolina Department of Transportation extended the U.S. Route 17 Washington Bypass across part of the site.
Last updated July 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 4 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 21 people and generated an estimated $1,383,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.
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General Electric Co./Shepherd Farm Capped Site Reuse

The entryway to the Spring Haven CommunityGeneral Electric Co./Shepherd FarmThe General Electric Co./Shepherd Farm Superfund site is located in East Flat Rock, North Carolina. The site consists of two areas, or subsites. The General Electric (GE) subsite covers 110 acres. The 31-acre Shepard Farm subsite is located southwest of the GE subsite. GE disposed of facility-related wastes at both areas. These waste disposal practices contaminated soil and groundwater with hazardous chemicals. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1994. Cleanup activities included removing and consolidating contaminated soil as well as treating and monitoring groundwater. Additional cleanup included capping remaining soil contamination and placing land use restrictions on the site. GE completed the soils portion of the cleanup in 2000. Groundwater remediation is ongoing. EPA’s carefully selected cleanup plan enabled the continued industrial and residential use of the site during cleanup. GE Lighting Systems continues to operate a manufacturing facility and distribution warehouse on the property. A manufactured housing community, a community center, and commercial and agricultural uses are also located on site.
Last updated July 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 3 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 703 people and generated an estimated $199,389,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Gurley Pesticide Burial Core Infrastructure Reuse

The 103-acre Gurley Pesticide Burial site is located in Selma, North Carolina. A phosphate fertilizer production facility and an agricultural chemical distribution facility operated at the site. EPA did not list the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) but considers it an NPL-caliber site and is addressing it through the Superfund Alternative Approach. This approach uses the same investigation and cleanup processes and standards used for sites listed on the NPL. Soil cleanup is complete and groundwater cleanup is underway. Gravel access roads installed during cleanup were left in place for the owner’s future use. The site is in reuse – five large storage buildings and rail spurs are located on site. The rail spurs serve the storage buildings and connect to a nearby ethanol distribution facility.
Last updated April 2018

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 20 people and generated an estimated $3,200,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp - Navassa

The 251-acre Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp – Navassa site is located in Navassa, North Carolina. From 1936 until 1974, various companies operated a wood-treating facility on site. Kerr-McGee Chemical Corporation acquired the facility in 1965. It was closed in 1974 and dismantled in 1980. Facility operations contaminated groundwater, soil and wetland sediment. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working nearby. In 2005, Kerr-McGee transferred the site and hundreds of other contaminated sites into a spin-off corporation called Tronox, which filed for bankruptcy in 2009. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2010 and took over the site investigation. In 2011, the bankruptcy court created the Multistate Environmental Response Trust to clean up the site and hundreds of other sites. The Trust is conducting site investigations and starting a redevelopment working group to plan for post-cleanup redevelopment of the property. The community and Town of Navassa are highly interested in economic revitalization of the property after cleanup.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Koppers Co., Inc. (Morrisville Plant)

Koppers Co., Inc. (Morrisville Plant)Koppers Co., Inc. (Morrisville Plant)The 52-acre Koppers Co., Inc. (Morrisville Plant) Superfund site is located in Morrisville, North Carolina. From 1896 to 1975, several lumber companies, including the Koppers Company, the Cary Lumber Company and Unit Structures, operated at the site. In 1968, the Koppers Company’s wood-treating operations used chemical wood preservers. Operators stored wastewater in an unlined lagoon, which eventually emptied into a pond. The company installed monitoring wells around the site. In 1980, the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services found contamination in well water samples. People living nearby use groundwater and drinking water from private wells. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Cleanup activities included removing contaminated soil, filling the lagoons with clean soil and restoring wetlands. Cleanup also included connecting homes near the site to the public water supply. A groundwater treatment system began operating in May 1996. In 1997, EPA took 33 acres of the site off the NPL. A wood processing facility and an underground utility construction company currently operate on site.
Last updated February 2018

As of December 2018, economic data were not publicly available for this site. For additional information click here.

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Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc. Alternative Energy Reuse Capped Site Reuse

Facility entrance and the adjacent rail line at the siteMartin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc.The Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc. Superfund site is located about 10 miles west of Charlotte, North Carolina. The site was home to various chemical companies for many years, beginning in 1936. In 1982, EPA found contaminants in surface water and groundwater on site. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983. EPA’s cleanup included capping and disposal of waste materials and soil as well as groundwater treatment. EPA removed the site from the NPL in February 2012; EPA’s Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program has since managed the site. Forsite Development has started redevelopment efforts at the site. The developer is turning the area into ReVenture Park, a business park focused on energy efficiency, renewable energy and environmental technology. The project is home to a biomass combined heat-and-power project, an algae-to-fuel pilot plant, a fuels and lubricants distributor, a liquids tote washing and recycling facility, a composite walls contractor, a composting operation, greenhouse facility and a 35-acre aquaculture project, among others. Environmental stewardship is also an integral part of the site’s redevelopment plans. A 185-acre conservation area enhances the site’s natural resources. Projects include wildlife habitat, stream restoration, and a trail system connecting the regional Carolina Thread Trail across the site to the nearby U.S. National Whitewater Center.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 8 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 30 people and generated an estimated $3,352,281 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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National Starch & Chemical Corp. Capped Site Reuse

The National Starch & Chemical Corp. Superfund site is part of a 500-acre property in Salisbury, North Carolina. The site includes two facilities that have been actively making specialty chemicals for the textile and furniture industries since 1970. Improper disposal of chemicals used in the manufacturing and cleaning processes at the plants resulted in contamination of a 20-acre area. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989. Cleanup includes containing and treating contaminated groundwater on site. Precipitation flushes contamination from the soils. The resulting contaminated water is captured by the groundwater containment system. Soil and groundwater monitoring occur regularly. EPA’s cleanup plan enabled the continued operation of the two chemical manufacturing plants located on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 355 people and generated an estimated $234,042,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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North Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1) Alternative Energy Reuse

Solar panels on the capped portion of the siteNorth Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1)The 1.5-acre North Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1) Superfund site is located in Raleigh, North Carolina. The site was a waste disposal area for North Carolina State University science laboratories and agricultural research facilities. From 1969 to 1980, the University disposed of solvents, pesticides, heavy metals, acids and some low-level radioactive laboratory wastes in trenches on part of the site. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1986. EPA’s 1996 cleanup plan included the treatment of contaminated soil. Cleanup also included the removal and treatment of contaminated groundwater. The site’s potentially responsible party completed soil cleanup in 1999. Treatment and monitoring of contaminated groundwater continues under EPA oversight. Since 2007, Carolina Solar Energy (CSE) has operated a 75-kilowatt photovoltaic solar generation project on the site. The U.S. Department of Energy designated the project as a Solar "Brownfields to Brightfields" Technology Demonstration Project. CSE sells the electricity generated by the 12 solar arrays back to Progress Energy. CSE owns and operates the solar energy system for 20 years under a lease from the State of North Carolina.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. EPA did not have further economic details related to this business. For additional information click here.

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Ward Transformer

Ward TransformerWard TransformerThe 11-acre Ward Transformer Superfund site is located in an industrial area near Raleigh-Durham International Airport in Raleigh, North Carolina. A transformer manufacturing, repair, sales and reconditioning facility operated on site from 1964 to 2006. Spills of contaminated fluids occurred during transformer repair and reconditioning. Site activities contaminated soils, sediment and surface water in nearby streams. The site also includes a neighboring property, the Estes Trucking Facility, and areas downstream from the facility. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in April 2003. A settlement in September 2016 identified 173 parties responsible for site cleanup. Final cleanup will include removal of contaminated soil and sediment as well as monitoring of sediment and aquatic life. Estes Transport Company’s trucking facility currently operates on the site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business.  This business employed 100 people and generated an estimated $22,923,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Weyerhaeuser Co. Plymouth Wood Treating Plant Capped Site Reuse

Weyerhaeuser Co Plymouth Wood Treating PlantWeyerhaeuser Co Plymouth Wood Treating PlantThe Weyerhaeuser Company (Co.) Plymouth Wood Treating Plant site is located in Plymouth, North Carolina. A paper mill and paper products manufacturing facility has operated at the site since 1937. Past waste disposal practices included wastewater discharges into the Roanoke River and Welch Creek. Operators also disposed of facility-related wastes in an on-site landfill. Facility operations and waste disposal practices contaminated soil, sediment, surface water, groundwater and fish. EPA considered adding the site to the National Priorities List (NPL), but decided to address the cleanup under alternative cleanup approaches. Domtar Corporation, the current site owner, leads the cleanup with oversight from EPA and the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality. Cleanup activities included capping contaminated materials at the former landfill, installing a sheet pile wall below the former chlorine plant area next to the Roanoke River, and a sand cap over contaminated sediments in Welch Creek. A fish consumption advisory is in place and land use restrictions limit future land uses to industrial and commercial uses. Site monitoring is ongoing. Today, the facility uses the gravel part of the landfill cap for parking and storage of construction materials.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Wright Chemical Corporation

The 758-acre Wright Chemical Corporation site is located about one mile south of Riegelwood, North Carolina. The site is next to Livingston Creek (a tributary of the Cape Fear River). The site includes two properties – a 720-acre northern property and a 38-acre southern property. A railroad corridor separates the two properties. From the 1880s to 1991, several companies operated acid and fertilizer manufacturing facilities on both parts of the site. Facility operations resulted in the contamination of groundwater, surface water, soil, sediment and aquatic biota. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2011. Site investigations and cleanup planning are ongoing. Active businesses on site include Hexion Specialty Chemicals, which operates a chemical manufacturing facility, and Silar LLC, which operates a specialty chemical manufacturing facility and laboratory. Livingston Creek includes a wetland and a fishery.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 36 people and generated an estimated $16,518,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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