Cleanups in Texas
Brownfields are real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. Cleaning up and reinvesting in these properties protects the environment, reduces blight, and takes development pressures off greenspaces and working lands.
Throckmorton Service Station
Former Use: Automotive service and gas station
Current Use: Public park featuring greenspace and a monument
Brownfields Success Stories highlight the accomplishments of EPA brownfields grantees.
Grantee accomplishments across Texas:
- Federal Reserve Bank Building, Houston
- Former Halbert Hospital, Rosebud
- Former Paul Quinn College, Waco
- Greenville Grocery Store, Greenville
- Greenville Public Safety Building, Greenville
- Industrial Park, Giddings
- Mabel Davis Park, Austin
- Montgomery Plaza, Fort Worth
- Rhizome Collective, Austin
- Throckmorton Service Station, Throckmorton
- Victory Plaza, Dallas
A Target Brownfields Assessment (TBA) is a free service the EPA Region 6 Brownfields Team provides to communities to support their eligible brownfields projects. These services include brownfield inventories, area-wide planning, site environmental assessments and investigations, and site cleanup planning.
To learn more about brownfields in Texas, visit the Region 6 Brownfields web page.
In 1988, Congress established a process to realign and close surplus military property and return the property for local economic development. The process required the President to establish the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission. The Secretary of Defense proposed a list of bases for closure and realignment. The Commission held public hearings and reported its findings to the President. The President had 15 days to approve or disapprove. After approval, the recommendations were sent to Congress, which had 45 days to disapprove or the recommendations became law. There have been five Base Closure rounds: 1988, 1991, 1993, 1995 and 2005.
The latest round of Closures includes three major facilities in Texas: Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, Texas, Naval Station Ingleside, Texas and Brooks City Base, Texas. The Lone Star facility has been in an inactive status for several years; Ingleside Naval Station is a relatively new facility; and Brooks AFB was privatized and transferred to the city of San Antonio in 2002 (but the Air Force currently leases space back from the city).
Federal Facilities/Base Closures in Texas
Land Revitalization (LR) efforts revive previously contaminated properties back into productive uses such as public parks, restoring wetlands and establishing new businesses. Revitalizing previously contaminated properties helps reinvigorate communities, preserve greenspace, and prevent sprawl.
To learn more about Land Revitalization, visit the Land Revitalization webpage.
The Hazardous Waste (RCRA) Corrective Action Program requires investigation and cleanup of releases of hazardous wastes and hazardous constituents that pose an unacceptable risk at RCRA hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities. Facility evaluations, conducted by EPA or the state, are based on human health and environmental risks posed by actual or potential releases to the environment, potential migration pathways, target receptors and waste characteristics. EPA and the states designate facilities as either high, medium, or low priority.
The EPA South Central Region (Region 6) developed a Corrective Action Strategy (CAS) guideline to accelerate corrective action at RCRA facilities.
Ready for Reuse encourages cleanups that will quickly support protective redevelopment opportunities. As part of this Program, EPA and/or the states provide a regulatory "determination" that affirms that the conditions on the site are protective of human health and the environment based on the current and planned future use(s) of the property.
View a complete list of Site-Specific Determinations in Texas.
Superfund Redevelopment in Texas helps local communities return contaminated Superfund sites to safe and productive uses. EPA is working with these communities and other stakeholders - prospective purchasers, local governments - to consider reuse opportunities and to integrate appropriate reuse options into the cleanup process. Learn more about Superfund Redevelopment Initiative.
Sites in Reuse in Texas
- Bailey Waste Disposal, Orange County
- Crystal City Airport, Crystal City, Zavala County
- Malone Service Company, Texas City
- North Cavalade, Houston, Harris County
- Palmer Barge Line, Port Arthur, Jefferson County
- Petro-Chemical Systems, Inc. (Turtle Bayou), Liberty County
- RSR Corp. (Murph Metals), Dallas, Dallas County
- South Cavalcade Street, Houston, Harris County
- State Marine of Port Arthur, Port Arthur, Jefferson County
- Tex Tin, Texas City, Galveston County
- United Creosoting Company, Conroe, Montgomery County
Superfund is the federal government's program to clean up the nation's uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. EPA is committed to ensuring that these hazardous waste sites are cleaned up to protect the environment and the health of all Americans.