How the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Affects Light Bulbs
Inefficient Light Bulbs are Being Phased Out
Basics of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, as it pertains to lighting and light bulbs:
It does not ban the use or purchase of incandescent bulbs.
It does not ban the sale or manufacture of ALL incandescent bulbs, just those common household incandescent (and other) bulbs that are not energy-efficient.
It does not require the use of compact fluorescent bulbs.
It requires about 25 percent greater efficiency (that is, 25 percent less energy use) for household light bulbs that have traditionally used between 40 and 100 watts of electricity.
Many bulbs, including specialty bulbs, three-way bulbs, chandelier bulbs, refrigerator bulbs, plant grow lights and others, are exempt from the law's requirements.
It was passed by Congress and signed by President George W. Bush in 2007 and is implemented by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
It includes many other provisions that do not pertain to lighting. Some of these provisions call for:
- higher gas mileage in automobiles;
- transportation electrification;
- increased reliance on biofuels; and
- training for green jobs.
Regulatory Updates Since the 2007 Law Went Into Effect
- In January 2017, DOE under the Obama administration issued two regulations to expand the scope of the 2007 law to include incandescent reflector bulbs and candle-shaped bulbs used in chandeliers, reflector bulbs used in recessed lighting, three-way incandescent bulbs, and certain other specialty bulbs. These regulations would take effect in January 2020.
- In February 2019, DOE under the Trump administration issued a proposal to withdraw the January 2017 regulations, on the basis that the legal rationale underlying those revisions misconstrued existing law. Learn more about the current state of these regulations on DOE's Appliance and Equipment Standards Rulemakings and Notices page.