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Enforcement

Decostar Settlement Information Sheet

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reached a settlement agreement with Decostar Industries, Inc. (Decostar) to address violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Under the terms of the settlement, Decostar will take steps to control levels of hazardous air emissions from their facility in Carrollton, Ga., in order to protect workers and the surrounding community and improve overall air quality. As part of the settlement, Decostar will implement a leak detection and repair program, perform a supplemental environmental project valued at over $2.7 million, and pay a $377,900 civil penalty.

Overview of Company

Decostar manufactures parts for automobile manufacturers, including, but not limited to, Nissan, BMW, Hyundai, and EZ Go. The facility is located in Carrollton, Georgia. Decostar has operated at this location since 2003.

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Violations

On May 26, 2016, Region 4 EPA and the State of Georgia conducted a RCRA Compliance Evaluation Inspection at the facility, as part of the Organic Air Emissions National Enforcement Initiative. Numerous generator violations were noted during the inspection including RCRA Organic Air Emission violations (RCRA Subparts BB and CC); failure to conduct inspections; failure to maintain and operate the facility to prevent a release; failure to provide required training; and failure to establish and maintain emergency preparedness and prevention procedures. Specific violations of Subpart CC were: failure to properly and/or adequately determine the level of air emission controls; failure to design and install the fixed roof and or closure device; failure to properly monitor hazardous waste for leaks; failure to make repairs within 5 days; and failure to maintain records on tank defects and repairs taken.

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Injunctive Relief

Decostar took proactive steps to repair Subpart CC violations while the settlement was negotiated, requiring no further injunctive relief for that area of the regulations.  Within sixty days after the Effective Date of the Order, Decostar will develop a “BB Equipment Program” document that ensures the company will meet the requirements of Subpart BB in its ongoing operations, including cataloging all regulated equipment, monitoring and recordkeeping activities, a tracking program and implementation plan.   

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Pollutant Impacts

In addition to stopping the emissions from leaking equipment at the facility, the Supplemental Environmental Project (SEP) to be completed by the company provides for environmental and pollution prevention benefits of 4,130-pound reductions in annual hazardous waste generation; 1,385-pound reductions in annual hazardous air pollution emissions; and 1,972-pound reductions in annual volatile organic emissions. 

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Health Effects and Environmental Benefits

The facility quickly and proactively eliminated volatile organic emissions detected during the inspection. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) play a major role in the atmospheric reactions that produce ozone, which is the primary constituent of smog. People with lung disease, children, older adults, and people who are active can be affected when ozone levels are unhealthy. Ground-level ozone exposure is linked to a variety of short-term health problems, including lung irritation and difficulty breathing, as well as long-term problems, such as permanent lung damage from repeated exposure, aggravated asthma, reduced lung capacity, and increased susceptibility to respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia and bronchitis.

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Civil Penalty

The CAFO includes a penalty of $377,900 with the remaining penalty amount mitigated by an equipment upgrade SEP valued at over $2.7 million. The SEP includes the replacement of existing robots and paint applicators with devices that increase transfer efficiency. 

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Contact Information

Andy Crossland
Waste Enforcement Branch, Chief
Waste and Chemical Enforcement Division
Environmental Protection Agency
1200 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W.
Washington D.C.  20460
202-564-0574
crossland.andy@epa.gov

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