Superfund Site Cleanup Work through Enforcement Agreements and Orders
The Superfund Enforcement program makes a visible difference in communities by finding the companies, government entities, or people responsible for contamination at a site and negotiating with or them to
- do the cleanup themselves, or
- pay for the cleanup done by another (i.e., EPA, state, or other responsible parties).
EPA’s Superfund Enforcement Cleanup Work map highlights current cleanup work at privately- and federally-owned Superfund sites across the country. These cleanups are the result of the Agency’s work with responsible parties and federal entities to negotiate cleanup settlement agreements or issue orders to get the work done.
The Superfund enforcement program’s efforts to negotiate settlement agreements and issue orders for cleanup work accounts for approximately 69 percent of all the cleanup work currently underway at Superfund sites around the country. For every one dollar that the Superfund enforcement program spends, private parties commit eight dollars toward cleanup work.
More information regarding the data presented in the map is available from the "About the Data" tab.
Basics of the Superfund Enforcement Process
How does EPA use its enforcement authority to help get Superfund sites cleaned up?
The Superfund law (the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act or "CERCLA") imposes liability on parties responsible for, in whole or in part, the presence of hazardous substances at a site. EPA prefers to reach an agreement with a potentially responsible party (PRP) to clean up a Superfund site instead of issuing an order or paying for it and recovering the cleanup costs later.
EPA conducts a search to find the PRPs and looks for evidence to determine liability of parties. Once PRPs are identified, EPA works with them to reach a settlement agreement to conduct the cleanup. EPA prefers that responsible parties do the work of investigating, cleaning up, and maintaining the cleanup of Superfund sites.
At privately-owned sites, a Superfund cleanup agreement is written in the form of an administrative settlement agreement and order on consent (ASAOC) or a judicial consent decree (CD). EPA negotiates an agreement with the responsible parties that outlines the work to be done. The term “work agreement” is used to cover a variety of agreements that involve the private party doing the work (versus EPA doing the work). The most common agreements are for:
- site investigation (remedial investigation and feasibility study),
- short-term cleanup (removal action), and
- long-term cleanup (remedial design/remedial action).
EPA can order parties to perform cleanup work under the following circumstances:
- Responsible parties do not agree to perform the cleanup work through a judicial consent decree or an ASAOC; or
- Responsible parties refuse to perform work they previously agreed to perform under a settlement agreement.
These orders, known as unilateral administrative orders (UAOs), are used for both short- and long-term cleanups by private responsible parties. On occasion, EPA has used UAOs under other statutes to order cleanup at federally-owned NPL sites.
When the responsible party is a federal government entity, EPA will negotiate an enforceable federal facility agreement (FFA) for a federally-owned site that is on the National Priorities List (NPL). The FFA governs the site cleanup and EPA's role in the process. More information about the cleanup process on federal lands is available on the Agency's CERCLA and Federal Facilities Web page.More information about the Superfund enforcement process.
On this page:
- Helpful Hints
- Map Navigation
- Search Capabilities
- Map Widgets
- How to Download Data from the Map Table
- Note that larger geographic search areas and more program types will cause the map to load more slowly.
- You may need to disable popup blockers in your browser.
- When searching by Superfund site name, you can use similar or exact, partial, or full name.
- The Superfund Enforcement Cleanup Work Map contains hundreds of data points for sites where work is currently being performed as a result of an enforcement settlement or order. Data points with darker coloration indicate either that:
- the site has multiple enforcement agreements or orders related to the ongoing cleanup work, or
- the geographic proximity of sites is producing a layering effect of sites on the map.
You navigate the map by using your keyboard and mouse or the zoom controls located in the upper left corner of the screen.
Map Navigation Buttons
The navigation buttons are explained below in order from top-to-bottom based on the screenshot to the right:
- Use the Plus button to zoom in.
- Use the Minus button to zoom out.
- Use the Home button to zoom back to the initial extent of the map.
- Use the "My Location" button to zoom to your area based on the GPS of your device.
- View the overview map by clicking the "eye" button just below the location button.
Keyboard and Mouse Controls
- Use the [ + ] key to zoom in.
- Use the [ - ] key to zoom out.
- Zoom to an area by holding the shift key and drawing a rectangle while holding the left mouse button.
- Pan the map by holding the left mouse button and dragging the mouse in any direction.
- Center the map on a location by holding the shift key and clicking a location on the map.
There are multiple methods of searching the map:
- Search addresses or work location names using the search box at the top of the map (seen in the screenshot below)
- Use the "Search Layers" widget at the bottom center of the map (grey funnel icon:
) to search information by:
- Fiscal year (private party sites only). Dropdown list provides selection of fiscal years
- State (both federal and private party sites)
- Enforceable agreement type (private party sites only). Dropdown list provides selection of enforceable agreement types.
- Type of cleanup work (private party sites only). Search results based on any term located within the "type of cleanup work" column of the map's attributes table.
- Click "Apply" for each filter
- The term "Clear" appears to indicate that the filter is active (see the screenshot below). Click on "Clear" to remove filter.
- Map Legend: This widget displays the symbology and the definitions for each layer on the map.
- Map Layers: This widget displays the layers on the map and allows the user to turn off and on the layers with a checkbox.
- Zoom to EPA Region: This widget displays a list of EPA Regions. When a region is selected, the map will zoom to display that region of the US.
- About The Map: This widget displays helpful information about how the map pop-ups work when clicking on map points.
- Basemap Options: This widget displays a list of alternate basemaps that users can enable; changing the map background as desired.
- Map User Guide: This widget displays a brief summary about the map with a link to this full user guide.
- Print Map: This widget allows users to print the map in different layouts and to different formats/sizes. It defaults to Map Only and PDF format but can be changed to suit the user's needs. Note: Map Only does not include legend or any other information; choose A3 Landscape to include the legend as well as a custom map title.
- Open Attribute Table: This widget will open the attribute table from the bottom of the map. The attribute table displays the map information in a spreadsheet format. It can be resized and customized. The contents of the table change based on what the user is viewing on the map (i.e., if the user zooms into EPA's Region 1, then only Region 1 information will be displayed on the table).
How to Download Data from the Map Table
The attribute table can be customized using the options in the drop down shown in the below screenshot. Once the table is displaying the information desired by the user, it can be exported to a CSV format which is then saved to the user's computer and can be opened in Microsoft Excel.
About the Mapped Data
On this page:
- About the mapped data
- Private party and federal entity Superfund site cleanup data
- Superfund enforcement data not represented on the map
- Other sources of information on cleanup activity on EPA's website
- Providing feedback on the data presented
About the mapped data
The data highlights current cleanup work at Superfund sites throughout the country as a result of the Agency’s enforcement work to negotiate cleanup settlement agreements or issue orders. The data is current through September 30, 2017.
Private parties perform the cleanup work under administrative and judicial settlements and unilateral administrative orders. Cleanup work being performed under an order is only shown on the map if the party conducting the work has provided the Agency with a notice of intent to comply with the order.
Cleanup work performed by federal government entities are governed by enforceable federal facility agreements.
The data that support this map is primarily from the Superfund Enterprise Management System (SEMS), the Agency’s comprehensive planning, tracking and reporting tool. More about SEMS.
Private party and federal entity Superfund site cleanup data
Data on the cleanup work conducted by private parties includes the following information:
- Superfund site name (for sites where there appears to be an open work settlement or order requiring cleanup work),
- site and EPA identification numbers
- operable unit (OU)
- National Priorities List (NPL) status
- site address
- fiscal year
- type of settlement or order and approval date
- value of cleanup work to be done by the private parties and any applicable cost recovery amount
- site type and subtype
- parties who entered into cleanup agreements or who were issued cleanup orders, and
- type of cleanup work to be performed (e.g., removal or remedial action or site investigation work).
For each site, the parties listed with the enforcement settlement or order are those parties who agreed to do the work under that agreement or order. In some cases, the party information associated with enforcement instruments at a site on the map was not available in the data system at the time of the data collection.
Data on the cleanup work conducted by federal entities under a federal facility agreement (FFA) includes the following information:
- Superfund site name (for sites where there appears to be an open work settlement or order requiring cleanup work)
- site and EPA identification numbers
- National Priorities List (NPL) status
- site address
- type of settlement or order and approval date
- site type
- party who entered into cleanup agreements or who were issued cleanup orders, and
- agreement approval date.
Each site indicates the National Priorities List (NPL) status. The NPL is the list of national priorities among the known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants throughout the United States and its territories. The NPL is intended primarily to guide the EPA in determining which sites warrant further investigation. More information about NPL status and listing is available on the Agency's National Priorities List website.
Superfund enforcement data not represented on the map
The map does not depict all of the cleanup work being conducted across the country. There are many other sites where cleanup work is being performed by EPA, states, and tribes, and where the cost for the cleanup work is not financed through a cleanup settlement agreement, federal facility agreement, or order.
The following sites with ongoing cleanup work are not included on the map:
- Sites where the work is currently being done by EPA using money from the Superfund Trust Fund or money provided by Congress through general appropriations. Note: Sites identified on the map can have EPA-lead cleanup work at the same time or in addition to the cleanup work being performed by the PRPs under cleanup agreements.
- Sites where a cleanup order was issued against a party or parties but a notice of intent to comply with the order has not been received by the Agency.
- Sites where the cleanup work being is being done under a state agreement.
- Sites where a settlement with a responsible party was only for cost recovery or a cashout agreement (i.e., one party pays for another party to perform the cleanup work).
Other sources of information on cleanup activity on EPA's website
Information about Superfund sites, cleanup activities, and enforcement efforts taking place across the country can be found at:
EPA's Superfund program maintains a database of all Superfund NPL sites, including proposed, final, and deleted NPL sites and non-NPL Superfund Alternative Approach sites. The database is searchable by region, state, and site name. The search results provide the user with a link to the Superfund site profile page for each individual site.
Cleanups in my Community (CIMC) enables a user to map and list hazardous waste cleanup locations and grant areas, and drill down to details about those cleanups and grants and other, related information. The site provides for expanded searching and mapping of cleanup work across the country under a variety of programs administered by EPA. CIMC does not currently contain the enforcement related data included in the Superfund Enforcement Cleanup Work map.
Providing feedback on the data presented
To provide feedback, submit questions, or report corrections to data errors or mapping problems, use our "Submit a request" form.
EPA is providing the information contained on this map for information purposes only. No warranty, express or implied, is made by EPA regarding the accuracy or completeness of this information. The relevant EPA Regional office may have additional site information.
The data is not intended for use in calculating cost recovery or statutes of limitations, and cannot be relied upon to create any rights, substantive or procedural, enforceable by any party in litigation with the United States. EPA reserves the right to change these data at any time without public notice.
This map is updated annually. The data represents a “snapshot” in time (as of September 30, 2017) and does not reflect real time changes.
The map presents data as-reported by the EPA Regions to Superfund Enterprise Management System (SEMS). SEMS is the original source database.
Data points on the map are based on the primary or recently updated latitude and longitude ("lat/long") information in SEMS. In cases where the latitute and longitude information did not exist in SEMS, the lat/long information for the site was created using the LatLong.net website.
Data is collected under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).
Only sites, facilities, and properties for which EPA collects information under CERCLA are on the map. This map does not include data for state, local, or tribal funded cleanups.
EPA works to ensure data quality. Error reporting is available to report identified errors.
To report a problem about the map or the data presented, use our "Submit a request" form.