2017 EPA-FDA Advice about Eating Fish and Shellfish
EPA and FDA provide advice on eating fish and shellfish. Fish and shellfish provide protein, are low in saturated fat, are rich in many micronutrients, and provide certain omega-3 fatty acids that the body can not make and are important for normal growth and development. However, as a result of natural processes and human activity, fish also contain mercury in the form of methylmercury. Methylmercury can negatively affect the central nervous system, particularly the developing brain of a fetus.
Women of childbearing age (about 16-49 years old)
Pregnant and breastfeeding women
The advice recommends that women and children eat two to three servings (8-12 ounces for adults and children over age 10, smaller amounts for younger children) of a variety of fish and shellfish each week. The advice includes a chart showing how often to eat more than 60 types of fish and shellfish and supplemental questions and answers.
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- Complete Advice (Chart plus Questions and Answers)
- (English | Español)
- Federal Register Notice (January 19, 2017)
FDA and EPA's response to public comments on draft advice (PDF) (26 pp, 259 K)
Peer review report (PDF) (26 pp, 507 K)
FDA and EPA's response to external peer review (PDF) (12 pp, 116 K)