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Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest System (E-Manifest)

EPA is currently working with states, industry and related stakeholders to develop a national electronic manifest system that will facilitate the electronics transmission of the uniform manifest form and make the use of the manifest much more effective and convenient for users. Learn how to participate in e-Manifest user testing.

The Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act, signed into law by President Obama on October 5, 2012, authorizes EPA to implement a national electronic manifest system.  Commonly referred to as "e-Manifest," this national system will be implemented by the EPA in partnership with industry and states.

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The e-Manifest Advisory Board

The Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act also established the e-Manifest Advisory Board. which provides recommendations on matters related to the operational activities, functions, policies, and regulations for the system. Learn more about the Advisory Board and its meetings.


The Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act

Key Features of the Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act include that:

  • e-Manifest extends to all federally and state-regulated wastes requiring manifests
  • The use of electronic manifests is optional for users, and authorizes central collection of data from electronic and paper manifests
  • EPA is authorized to collect reasonable user fees for all system related costs including development and maintenance
  • EPA must conduct annual Inspector General (IG) audits and submit biennial reports to Congress
  • EPA must establish a uniform effective date in all states for e-Manifest, and must implement e-Manifest until States are authorized

Proposed Rule: User Fees for the E-Manifest System and Amendments to Manifest Regulations

The Hazardous Waste Electronic Manifest Establishment Act does not itself set e-Manifest user fees, but instead gives EPA discretion to establish user fees, through regulation, that the Administrator determines to be necessary to offset the costs of developing and operating the e-Manifest system. This proposed rule is the first step in the regulatory development process to establish the user fees and other actions necessary to establish the system.

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Final Rule for the Modification of the Hazardous Waste Manifest System; Electronic Manifests

The final rule, published on February 7, 2014, authorizes the use of electronic hazardous waste manifests that will become available when EPA establishes a new electronic hazardous waste manifest system. This modification will provide waste handlers with the option to complete, sign, transmit, and store manifest information electronically in the future electronic system.

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Frequent Questions about the e-Manifest Initiative

EPA compiled this collection of answers to frequent questions to provide additional information about ongoing e-manifest work. Below, please click anywhere in the gray boxes or the plus sign on the right to view the answer to each question. Aside from this collection, additional information can be found by:

  • Will the e-Manifest system be linked to RCRAInfo?

    Yes, e-Manifest will be linked to RCRAInfo and will have the ability to validate information entered on an electronic manifest against information in RCRAInfo. (RCRAInfo is a separate EPA information system that collects information on hazardous waste sites. The public can access information in RCRAInfo through RCRAInfo Web.)

  • Will there be a fee to use the e-Manifest system when it goes live?

    Yes, the e-Manifest Act authorized EPA to collect reasonable user fees for all system-related costs, including development and maintenance. EPA proposed that the destination or receiving facility pay a fee per manifest that would cover costs for the e-Manifest system. EPA did not propose fees for facilities that initiate manifests (i.e., generators) or those that would access e-Manifest system data, such as states and the general public. EPA will issue its final decisions on user fees in its final rule, expected December 2017.

  • Will use of the e-Manifest system replace the federal biennial report (BR)?

    The e-Manifest Act requires that EPA integrate the reporting of information in e-Manifest with the RCRA biennial report process. EPA remains committed to that goal, but will phase in this feature over time to ensure that manifest data are of high quality to support state and federal processes. Therefore, the use of e-Manifest will not yet replace the biennial report when the system launches in 2018.

  • Will the data elements currently applicable to paper manifests change with the use of electronic manifests?

    No, the basic regulations or instructions for completing an electronic manifest will not be materially different from today's regulations or instructions for completing a paper manifest. The data elements will remain the same, and the only differences involve completing an electronic form and signing the form electronically. EPA found that electronic manifests are the legal equivalent to paper manifests in all relevant respects (see 40 CFR 260.10, definition of “Electronic manifest”).

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