The following documents are products of the DfE Lead-Free Solder Partnership and provide information from the life-cycle evaluation of lead-free solders as alternatives to tin-lead solder currently used in electronics. Individual chapters from the final report are also available.You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.
- Solders in Electronics: A Life-Cycle Assessment (PDF)(472 pp, 17 MB, August 2005, EPA-744-R-05-001)
- Solders in Electronics: A Life-Cycle Assessment Fact Sheet (PDF)(2 pp, 142 K)
- Solders in Electronics: A Life-Cycle Assessment Summary (PDF)(51 pp, 4 MB)