The following report is the product of a study carried out in a partnership led by EPA, involving the U.S. Department of Energy, the Li-ion battery industry, and academics. This report identifies materials and processes within a Li-ion battery's life cycle that most contribute to impacts on public health and the environment. Individual chapters from this report are also available. Learn more about the partnership.You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.