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Energy Resources for State and Local Governments

Quantifying the Health and Economic Benefits of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Policies

State and local energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) policies can deliver health benefits in many ways. To help state, local, and tribal decision-makers quantify and communicate these air quality, health, and economic benefits of energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) policies, EPA’s State and Local Energy and Environment Program has improved and linked their two main quantification tools: the AVoided Emissions and geneRation Tool (AVERT) and the CO-Benefits Risk Assessment (COBRA) Health Impacts Screening and Mapping Tool.

AVERT 2.0 has a simple user interface designed to meet the needs of environmental planners and other interested stakeholders. Use AVERT to quantify and evaluate the county, state, and regional emissions displaced at electric power plants by EE/RE policies and programs.

The COBRA Health Impacts Screening and Mapping Tool quantifies and monetizes the air quality and health impacts EE and RE policies at the county, state, regional, or national levels. Use COBRA to compare the health benefits of EE and RE policies against program costs, and map the related air quality, human health, and health-related economic benefits.

We have added functionality to make it easy to use AVERT and COBRA in tandem to quantify the health benefits of EE/RE:

  • AVERT users can download 2017 modeling outputs pre-formatted for use in COBRA, and
  • COBRA users can import AVERT 2017 modeling outputs as a policy scenario

This new linked functionality will make it easier to do screening-level analyses of the public health benefits of emission reductions from energy efficiency or renewable energy projects, programs, and policies.

Learn more about the state benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Learn more about the local benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Learn more about assessing the multiple benefits of clean energy.