Risk Management for Perchloroethylene
Below is information on EPA actions to manage risks from perchloroethylene. Perchloroethylene is a colorless liquid used primarily in industrial settings for dry cleaning and degreasing metals. This chemical is also used in the production of fluorinated compounds, as a solvent for cleaning and degreasing, and in lubricants, adhesives, and sealants. Perchloroethylene has a limited number of consumer uses in products like adhesives for arts and crafts and stainless steel polish.
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- Learn how EPA manages unreasonable risks from chemicals currently on the market.
- View a list of all chemicals undergoing risk evaluation, including docket numbers and agency points of contact.
In June 2022, EPA released a draft revised risk determination for perchloroethylene which, when final, would amend the 2020 TSCA risk evaluation for perchloroethylene. The revisions to the risk determination were made in accordance with the path forward for the first 10 risk evaluations under TSCA laid out by EPA in June 2021. The draft revised risk determination is based on perchloroethylene as a whole chemical substance and does not assume that all workers exposed to perchloroethylene are protected by personal protective equipment.
In December 2020, EPA released a risk evaluation for perchloroethylene under amended TSCA. That risk evaluation for perchloroethylene found unreasonable risks to workers, occupational non-users, consumers, and bystanders for 59 out of 61 conditions of use.
The next step in the process is for EPA to take public comment on the draft revised risk determination before releasing a final revised risk determination. The agency will then propose regulations to address the unreasonable risk perchloroethylene presents to health.
There are several actions EPA could take to address these risks, including regulations to prohibit or limit the manufacture, processing, distribution in the marketplace, use, or disposal of this chemical substance, as applicable. EPA is now in the process of developing ways to address the unreasonable risks identified and has up to one year to propose and take public comments on any risk management actions.
- Learn more about the unreasonable risks found in the final risk evaluation.
- Find information on ways to reduce exposure to this chemical as EPA works through the process required by TSCA to eliminate unreasonable risks from this chemical.
Opportunities for Public and Stakeholder Engagement
There will be additional opportunities for public and stakeholder engagement as EPA works through the risk management process for this chemical. Just like the risk evaluation process, there will also be opportunities for public comment as EPA works to propose and finalize risk management actions for perchloroethylene.
- View a list of all public and stakeholder engagement opportunities related to risk management.
- You can reach out to the EPA point of contact for this chemical, listed at the top, right of this page, for more information or to schedule a one-on-one meeting.
- You can also stay informed by signing for our email alerts or checking the public docket at www.regulations.gov.
Past Meetings, Webinars, and Other Engagement Opportunities
EPA held environmental justice consultations regarding the development of risk management actions for perchloroethylene on June 16, 2021 and July 6, 2021. These consultation sessions provided an overview of the TSCA risk management requirements, the findings from the final risk evaluations, the tools available to manage the unreasonable risks from perchloroethylene, and an opportunity for input on environmental justice concerns. The environmental justice consultation period will extend through August 20, 2021. View materials from the consultation sessions.
On January 14, 2021, EPA held a webinar to educate stakeholders on the risk management process under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and the findings in the final risk evaluation for perchloroethylene (PCE). View the webinar materials