Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center

Financing Resilient and Sustainable Water Infrastructure

The Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center helps communities identify financing options for resilient and sustainable infrastructure projects. Key components of resiliency include water efficiency, energy efficiency, green infrastructure, and water reuse. Many resiliency projects for water utilities are eligible for federal and state financing.

Stormwater and Green Infrastructure Financing

Communities across the country are embracing green infrastructure solutions that capture rain where it falls rather than paying to treat it at the end of the system. These practices make communities more resilient and improve water quality, save money, and attract jobs.

Green infrastructure:
  • Improves the appearance of cities.
  • Boosts property values.
  • Attracts private investment.
EPA has compiled a list of:

In addition, EPA Region 3 developed a Community Based Public-Private Partnerships and Alternative Market-Based Tools for Integrated Green Stormwater Infrastructure: A Guide for Local Governments.

The Center supports communities to develop dedicated sources of revenue for their stormwater and green infrastructure programs. There are nearly 1,500 stormwater utilities nationwide according to Western Kentucky University’s Stormwater Survey. Exit

The Center is a stormwater financing clearinghouse. The Center provides tailored information and technical assistance to communities looking to develop a dedicated source of revenue for stormwater and green infrastructure programs.

Resources for financing stormwater projects:

Water Efficiency Financing

Increasing water efficiency is an effective way for water utilities to deliver high quality services to consumers while reducing overhead costs. Improving water efficiency reduces operating costs (e.g., pumping and treatment) and reduces the need to develop new supplies and expand water infrastructure.

Resources for utilities financing water efficiency projects:

Energy Efficiency Financing

Water and wastewater utilities are typically the largest consumers of energy in municipalities, often accounting for 30 to 40 percent of total energy consumed. Investing in energy efficiency in water sector systems can significantly reduce operating costs.

  • Case Study: Douglas, Arizona Commits to $1.3 Million in Energy Efficiency Improvements Exit
    To mitigate increasing energy costs, the City of Douglas obtained a $1.3 million loan from the Water Infrastructure Finance Authority (WIFA) of Arizona in June 2014 to design and install a 300-kilowatt solar system to power its wastewater treatment plant. The solar array is projected to generate nearly 520,000 kilowatt hours of electricity per year, or 50 percent of the plant’s electric requirements. Once installed, Douglas estimates it will save $32,000 per year in energy costs and $640,000 over the next 20 years.
  • Cutting Energy Use and Costs
    This web page has information on improving energy efficiency, best energy practices and paying for energy efficiency improvements at water and wastewater utilities.

Water Reuse Financing

In the face of increasing water supply challenges, water reuse can be an attractive option to increase efficiency and ensure sustainable supplies of water.


Flood Protection Financing

  • EPA’s Flood Resilience: A Basic Guide for Water and Wastewater Utilities (PDF)(47 pp, 2.2 MB, About PDF)
    This guide helps water and wastewater utilities become more resilient to flooding and provides cost and financing information. Flood resiliency is the capacity of a utility to withstand a flood, minimize damage, and recover quickly to provide reliable service. Increasing flood resiliency requires financial investment in mitigation measures.

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