We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) Model

RSEI Bibliography

The following books and articles use results from EPA's Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) model. These resources are provided to users as examples; EPA does not endorse the views or conclusions of any authors. 

Contact Us to submit your analysis using RSEI for listing on this page.

Abel, Troy D. 2008. Skewed Riskscapes and Environmental Injustice: A Case Study of Metropolitan St. Louis. Environmental Management 42:232–248.

Abel, Troy D. Unjust Riskscapes and Skewed Political Landscapes: The Evolving Science of Environmental Injustice. Prepared for delivery at the 2003 Annual Meetings of the American Political Science Association, August 28–August 31.

Abel, T. D, M. Stephan, and M. E Kraft. 2007. Environmental information disclosure and risk reduction among the states. State & Local Government Review: 153–165.

Abel, T., & White, J. (2011) Skewed Riskscapes and Gentrified Inequities: Environmental Exposure Disparities in Seattle, Washington. American Journal of Public Health, 101 (S1), S246-S254.

Abel, T., White, J., & Clauson, S. (2015). Risky Business: Sustainability and Industrial Land Use Across Seattle’s Gentrifying Riskscape. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15718-15753.

Ard, K. J. 2013. Changes in Exposure to Industrial Air Pollution across the United States from 1995 to 2004: The Role of Race, Income, and Segregation. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan). ProQuest Distinguished Dissertation Award for 2013.

Ard, K. (2015). Trends in exposure to industrial air toxins for different racial and socioeconomic groups: A spatial and temporal examination of environmental inequality in the U.S. from 1995 to 2004. Social Science Research, 53, 375–390.

Ash, M., Boyce, J. (2016). Assessing the jobs-environment relationship with matched data from US EEOC and US EPA. Working Paper 2016-03. University of Massachusetts – Amherst. 

Ash, Michael and James K. Boyce. 2010. Measuring corporate environmental justice performance. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management DOI: 10.1002/csr.238.

Ash, Michael, James K. Boyce, Grace Chang, Manuel Pastor, Justin Scoggins, and Jennifer Tran. 2009. Justice in the Air: Tracking Toxic Pollution from America’s Industries and Companies to our States, Cities, and Neighborhoods. Political Economy Research Institute (Amherst, MA) and Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (Los Angeles, CA).

Top of Page

Ash, Michael, James K. Boyce, Grace Chang, and Helen Scharber. 2013. Is Environmental Justice Good for White Folks? Industrial Air Toxics Exposure in Urban America. Social Science Quarterly, 94(3): 616–636.

Ash, Michael and T. Robert Fetter. Who Lives on the Wrong Side of the Environmental Tracks? Social Science Quarterly, 85(2):441-462, 2004.

Bae, H. et al. 2008. Information Disclosure Policy: Do States' Data Processing Efforts Help More than the Information Disclosure Itself? NBER Working Paper.

Banzhaf, H. Spencer and Randall P. Walsh. 2008. Do People Vote with Their Feet? An Empirical Test of Tiebout’s Mechanism. American Economic Review, 98:3, 843–863.

Boone, C., Fragkias, M., Buckley, B. & Grove, M. (2014). A long view of polluting industry and environmental justice in Baltimore. Cities, 36, 41–49.

Bouiver, Rachel. Distribution of income and toxic emissions in Maine, United States: Inequality in two dimensions. Ecological Economics, Volume 102, June 2014, pp. 39-47.

Bosman, M. Martin. 2010. Spatial and Environmental Injustice in an American Metropolis: A Study of Tampa Bay, Florida. Amherst, New York: Cambria Press. 

Boyce, J. K., & Pastor, M. 2013. Clearing the air: incorporating air quality and environmental justice into climate policy. Climatic Change, 120(4), 801-814.

Boyce, J. K., & Pastor, M. 2012. Cooling the Planet, Clearing the Air: Climate Policy, Carbon Pricing, and Co-Benefits. Portland, OR: Economics for Equity and the Environment; Washington, DC: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. Online at https://works.bepress.com/james_boyce/42/ Exit

Boyce, J., Zwickl, K. & Ash, M. (2014). Three Measures of Environmental Inequality. Working Paper No. 12. Institute for New Economic Thinking. 

Top of Page

Boyce, J., Zwickl, K. & Ash, M. (2016). Measuring environmental inequality. Ecological Economics, 124, 114–123.

California Environmental Protection Agency Air Resources Board. 2010. Proposed Screening Method for Low-Income Communities Highly Impacted by Air Pollution for AB 32 Assessments. Release Date: April 21, 2010. http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/ab32publichealth/communitymethod.pdf

Caren, Neal, and Ethan Schoolman. 2008. “Closing the Clean Air Gap? Environmental Justice in the 1990s.” Available at: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/3/9/7/7/p239778_index.html Exit

Chakraborty, J., Maantay, J. & Brender, J. (2011). Disproportionate Proximity to Environmental Health Hazards: Methods, Models, and Measurement. American Journal of Public Health 101(S1), S27-S36.

Clark, B. R. (2012). Development of an Air Pollution Asthma Risk-Screening Model for Ohio Elementary Schools (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University).

Collins, M. B. (2011). Risk-Based Targeting: Identifying Disproportionalities in the Sources and Effects of Industrial Pollution. American Journal of Public Health: December 2011, Vol. 101, No. S1, pp. S231-S237. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300120

Collins, M., Munoz, I. & Jaja, J. (2016). Linking ‘toxic outliers’ to environmental justice communities. Environ. Res. Lett., 11. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/1/015004

Cong, Y., Freedman, M. & Park, J. (2014). Tone at the top: CEO environmental rhetoric and environmental performance. Advances in Accounting, 30 (2), 322–327.

Cory, Dennis C. On Notions of Fairness in Environmental Justice. Working Paper. University of Arizona Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Currie, J., Davis, L., Greenstone, M. & Walker, R. (2015). Environmental Health Risks and Housing Values: Evidence from 1,600 Toxic Plant Openings and Closings. American Economic Review 2015, 105 (2), 678–709.

Top of Page

Delmas, Magali and Vered Doctori Blass. 2010. Measuring Corporate Environmental Performance: the Trade-Offs of Sustainability Ratings. Business Strategy and the Environment 19, 245–260.

Dombrowski, Janine M. 2000. Cross-Media Transfers of Pollution and Risk. Doctoral dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Downey, L. (2006). Environmental Racial Inequality in Detroit. Oxford Journals Social Sciences Social Forces, 85 (2), 771-796.

Downey, Liam. 2007. US Metropolitan-area Variation in Environmental Inequality Outcomes. Urban Studies 44: 953-977, doi:10.1080/00420980701256013.

Downey, Liam et al. 2008. Environmental Inequality in Metropolitan America. Organization &Environment 21 (3): 270-294.

Downey, Liam and Brian Hawkins. 2008. Race, Income, and Environmental Inequality in the United States. Sociological Perspectives, December 1; 51 (4): 759–781.

Downey, Liam and Brian Hawkins. 2008. Single-Mother Families and Air Pollution: A National Study. Social Science Quarterly 89 (2): 523–536.

Grant, D., Trautner, M, Downey, L., & Thiebaud, L. (2010) Bringing the Polluters Back In Environmental Inequality and the Organization of Chemical Production. American Sociological Review 75 (4), 479-504.

Holladay, Scott. 2008. Are Exporters Mother Nature’s Best Friends? Working paper. Department of Economics, UCB Boulder CO.

Holladay, J.S. (2015). Exporters and the Environment. WORKING PAPER #2015-03. Available online at: http://econpapers.repec.org/paper/tenwpaper/2015-03.htm Exit

Top of Page

Harner, John , Warner, Kee , Pierce, John and Huber, Tom. 2002. Urban Environmental Justice Indices, The Professional Geographer, 54: 3, 318 — 331

Katner, A. (2015). Prioritization of Louisiana Parishes based on Industrial Releases of Known or Suspected Carcinogens. The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society : Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society, 167 (3), 122-128.

Konisky, D. & Reenock, C. (2015). Regulatory Enforcement, Riskscapes and Environmental Justice. 27th 2015 Annual Fall Research Conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management. Miami, Florida. 

Kraft, M. (2014). Using Information Disclosure to Achieve Policy Goals: How Experience with the Toxics Release Inventory Can Inform Action on Natural Gas Fracturing. Issues in Energy and Environmental Policy, 6

Lam, C. W., Lim, S. R., & Schoenung, J. M. 2011. Environmental and risk screening for prioritizing pollution prevention opportunities in the US printed wiring board manufacturing industry. Journal of hazardous materials, 189(1), 315-322.

Li, X. & Zhou, Y. (2014). Offshoring Production or Offshoring Pollution? Working paper. Available online at: https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/109195 Exit

Lievanos, R. (2016). Sociospatial Dimensions of Water Injustice: The Distribution of Surface Water Toxic Releases in California’s Bay-Delta. Sociological Perspectives. doi: 10.1177/0731121416648935

Lim, Seong-Rin, Carl W. Lam, Julie M. Schoenung. 2010. Quantity-based and toxicity-based evaluation of the U.S. Toxics Release Inventory. Journal of Hazardous Materials 178 49–56.

Lucier, C., Rosofsky, A., London, B., Scharber, H., & Shandra, J. M. 2011. Toxic Pollution and School Performance Scores Environmental Ascription in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Organization & Environment, 24(4), 423-443.

Metcalf, A., Mackelprang, A. & Galbreth, M. (2016). Linking pollution toxicity and human exposure to firm idiosyncratic risk. Journal of Cleaner Production (In Press)

Mohai, P., Kweon, B. S., Lee, S., & Ard, K. 2011. Air pollution around schools is linked to poorer student health and academic performance. Health Affairs, 30(5), 852-862.

Morrison, B., Heath, B., et al. 2008. The Smokestack Effect: Toxic Air and America’s Schools. Special Report. USA Today

Top of Page

Naidu, S. C., Manolakos, P. T., & Hopkins, T. E. 2013. Environmental Justice in Ohio. Review of Radical Political Economics, 45(3), 384-399.

Ogneva-Himmelberger, Y., Dahlberg, T., Kelly, K. & Simas, T. (2015). Using Geographic Information Science to Explore Associations between Air Pollution, Environmental Amenities, and Preterm Births. AIMS Public Health, 2(3), 469-486.

Pastor, Manuel, Rachel Morello-Frosch, and James Sadd. 2010. Air Pollution and Environmental Justice: Integrating Indicators of Cumulative Impact and Socio-Economic Vulnerability into Regulatory Decision-Making. Final Report to California Air Resources Board. http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/apr/past/04-308.pdf

Rosofsky, A., Lucier, C., London, B., Scharber, H., Borges-Mendez, R. & Shandra, J. (2014). Environmental ascription in Worcester County, MA: toxic pollution and education outcomes. Local Environment, 19 (3), 283–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2013.788485

Sadd, J. L., Pastor, M., Morello-Frosch, R., Scoggins, J. & Jesdale, B. (2011). Playing It Safe: Assessing Cumulative Impact and Social Vulnerability through an Environmental Justice Screening Method in the South Coast Air Basin, California. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 8 (5), 1441-1459. 

Scharber, H., Lucier, C., London, B., Rosofsky, A., and Shandra, J. The consequences of exposure to developmental, neurological, and respiratory toxins for school performance: a closer look at environmental ascription in East Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Population and Environment. Volume 35, Issue 2, pp. 205-224. December 2013.

Schmidt , Charles W. 2003. Innovations: The Risk Where You Live. Environmental Health Perspectives 111 (7) A405-A407. June 2003.

Shapiro, Marc D. 2000. The impact of community characteristics and state policy on changes in emissions and risk from toxic airborne chemicals. Doctoral dissertation, University of Rochester.

Shapiro, Marc D. 2005. Equity and Information: Information regulation, environmental justice, and risks from toxic chemicals. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 24(2): 373-398.

Sicotte, D. 2010. Some more polluted than others: unequal cumulative industrial hazard burdens in the Philadelphia MSA, USA. Local Environment,15 (8), 761-774.

Sicotte, Diane, and Samantha Swanson. 2007. Whose Risk in Philadelphia? Proximity to Unequally Hazardous Industrial Facilities. Social Science Quarterly 88 (2): 515-534.

Top of Page

Simon, D. & Prince, J. (2015). The Effect of Competition on Toxic Pollution Releases. Indiana University, Bloomington School of Public & Environmental Affairs Research Paper No. 2456732.

Standridge, J. S., Amit Bhattacharya, PhD, Paul Succop, PhD, Cyndy Cox, and Erin Haynes, DrPH. Effect of chronic low level manganese exposure on postural balance: A pilot study of residents in southwest Ohio. J Occup Environ Med. 50(12): 1421–1429.

Stephan, Mark, Michael E. Kraft and Troy D. Abel. 2005. Environmental Information Disclosure and Risk Reduction: Findings from a Survey of TRI Facilities, Citizen Activists, and Public Officials. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Oakland, California, March 17.

Toffel, Michael W. and Julian D. Marshall. 2004. Improving Environmental Performance Assessment: A Comparative Analysis of Weighting Methods Used to Evaluate Chemical Release Inventories. Journal of Industrial Ecology 8 (1-2) pp. 143-172.

Wright, David W. Toxicity-Weighting: A Prioritization Tool for Quality Assurance of Air Toxics Inventories. 2007. Maine Department of Environmental Protection.

Zhou, Xiaoying and Julie M. Schoenung. 2009. Combining U.S.-based prioritization tools to improve screening level accountability for environmental impact: The case of the chemical manufacturing industry. Journal of Hazardous Materials 172: 423–431.

Zwickl, K. (2015). Three essays on economic inequality and environmental degradation. Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current. Paper 339. http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dissertations_2/339

Zwickl, K., Ash, M. & Boyce, J. (2015). Mapping Environmental Injustice: Race, class and industrial air pollution. Available online at: http://triplecrisis.com/mapping-environmental-injustice/ Exit

Zwickl, Klara, Michael Ash, and James K. Boyce. Regional variation in environmental inequality: Industrial air toxics exposure in U.S. cities. Ecological Economics. Volume 107, November 2014, pp. 494–509.

Zwickl, K. & Moser, M. (2014). Informal environmental regulation of industrial air pollution: Does neighborhood inequality matter? Working Paper. Ecological Economic Papers, 1. WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna.

Top of Page