Milestones in EPA's Healthy Communities Research History
EPA researchers work to identify and quantify aspects of the natural (ecosystems) and human-dominated (built) environments and how they underpin community health, prosperity, and resiliency.
History of EPA Research
EPA and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) establish Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers (Children's Centers). The Children's Centers have produced knowledge vital to demonstrating and halting the health effects of low-level lead exposure to children.
EPA began a bold initiative to assemble, for the first time, the most reliable available indicators of national environmental and health conditions and trends that are important to EPA’s mission. The Agency released the Report on the Environment and a companion report in 2008. EPA continues to update the report that provides the best available indicators of national trends in the status and condition of the U.S. environment and human exposure and health.
EPA releases the Eco-Health Relationship Browser to help communities and others better account for and protect the benefits they derive from natural ecosystems. The browser is designed to increase understanding of the nation’s ecosystems, the services they provide, and how those services benefit public health and well-being.
EPA validates a method to guide cleanup of soils contaminated with lead and arsenic. The "virtual stomach" method mimics how the human body absorbs the contaminants and saves millions of dollars in cleanup costs.
New Testing Method for Lead and Arsenic in Contaminated Soil Saves Money and Protects Public Health
EPA and partners with Housing and Urban Development and Health and Human Services to develop the Federal Lead Action Plan. The Plan a blueprint for reducing lead exposure. Under this plan, EPA researchers are working to understand the drivers of blood lead levels and inform regulatory decisions.
Federal Action Plan to Reduce Childhood Lead Exposure
EPA researchers and partners at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are building on an expansive body of world-class research and applying that knowledge to reduce the risk of exposure to SARS--CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
2020 - Development of Innovative Techniques Helps Get the Lead Out
Reducing risks from lead exposure—particularly to children—is a major public health priority for EPA. In 2020, EPA researchers developed innovative techniques, combining geospatial analysis and public health data (blood lead levels), to identify high exposure locations and the drivers to help target actions in high-exposure communities and advance environmental justice.
2020 - EPA Models Advance Sustainability
EPA researchers created a family of models called the U.S. Environmentally-Extended Input-Output Models, or USEEIO, to support sustainable economic growth. In 2020, they advanced the use and application of those models through a partnership with the Georgia Department of Economic Development to work with local communities and volunteer software developers to assess and identify local opportunities for economic growth and environmental sustainability.