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Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP)

Subpart RR – Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide

Read the current ruleClick to view data highlights for this subpart

Rule Information

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This rule requires reporting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from facilities that inject carbon dioxide underground for geologic sequestration. Geologic sequestration (GS) is the long-term containment of carbon dioxide in subsurface geologic formations.

This rule is complementary to and builds on EPA's Federal Requirements under the Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program for Carbon Dioxide Geologic Sequestration Wells.

Visit the Capture, Supply, and Underground Injection of Carbon Dioxide page for more information about this sector.

Proposed and Promulgated Rules

40 CFR Part 98.440
Federal Register Date Citation Action Description
12/09/2016 81 FR 89188 Final Rule Finalizes revisions to specific provisions covering 29 subparts of the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule to streamline implementation, improve data quality, more accurately reflect industry practices, and provide clarification.
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (87 pp, 801K)
Final Rule Fact Sheet
Proposed Preamble and Rule (PDF) (91 pp, 890K)
11/29/2013 78 FR 71904 Final Rule Finalizes amendments that consist of three parts: amendments related to global warming potentials (GWPs), other amendments largely based on feedback from stakeholders, and confidentiality determinations for new or revised data elements.
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (79 pp, 935K)
Memo: Table of Final 2013 Revisions to the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
Summary of Public Comments and Responses (PDF) (267 pp, 1.2MB)
Factsheet
04/02/2013 78 FR 19802 Proposed Rule Proposal to amend the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP), including technical amendments, amendments related to global warming potentials (GWPs), and confidentiality determinations for new or revised data elements.
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (77 pp, 911K)
Fact Sheet
Memorandum
Correction to Proposed Rule (PDF) (2 pp, 255K)
08/13/2012 77 FR 48072 Final Rule Finalizes confidentiality determinations for most data elements to be reported under nine subparts; defers the deadline for reporting certain recently added data elements that are inputs to emission equations in three subparts; finalizes amendments to Electronics Manufacturing (subpart I) to remove the requirement for a facility to recalculate the previous reporting years' emissions and resubmit them to EPA where use of BAMM is allowed.
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (88 pp, 287K)
Fact Sheet: Final Confidentiality Determinations for Nine Subparts and Amendments to Subparts A and I
More information
01/10/2012 77 FR 1434 Proposed Rule Proposes confidentiality determinations for 8 subparts (L, DD, II, QQ, RR, SS, TT, UU) and amendments to Table A-6 in subpart A
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (19 pp, 230K)
More information
11/29/2011 76 FR 73866 Final Rule 2011 Technical Corrections, Clarifying and Other Amendments.
Final Rule (PDF) (25 pp, 341K)
More information
08/04/2011 76 FR 47392 Proposed Rule Proposed Rulemaking – 2011 Technical Corrections, Clarifying and Other Amendments to Certain Provisions of the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
Proposed Rule (PDF) (30 pp, 427K)
12/01/2010 75 FR 75060 Final Rule Final Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases from Carbon Dioxide Injection and Geologic Sequestration
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (31 pp, 340K)
04/12/2010 75 FR 18576 Proposed Rule Proposed Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases from Carbon Dioxide Injection and Geologic Sequestration
Preamble and Rule (PDF) (31 pp, 280K)

Technical Information

Implementation Information

Subpart RR Submission Deadlines

If you are subject to Subpart RR and were issued a final Underground Injection Control (UIC) permit (any class) on or after January 1, 2011:

  • Certificate of Representation is due 60 days prior to submission of a proposed Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) plan (or extension request) or Research and Development (R&D) project exemption request
  • Proposed MRV plan (or extension request) or R&D project exemption request is due within 180 days of receiving your final UIC permit

Subpart RR Final Decisions

Under subpart RR, EPA must approve all MRV plans, requests for a R&D project exemption, and requests to discontinue reporting. Any interested person can formally appeal any of these decisions. More Information

Posted below are final decisions under 40 CFR Part 98, Subpart RR.

Final Decisions

Project Name Type Date of Final Decision Final Decision Documents
Core Energy Northern Niagaran Pinnacle Reef Trend MRV plan October 12, 2018 Decision
Shute Creek Facility MRV plan June 20, 2018 Decision
Archer Daniels Midland Company Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project MRV plan January 19, 2017 Decision
Hobbs Field MRV plan January 12, 2017 Decision
Denver Unit MRV plan December 22, 2015 Decision
Boise White Paper LLC Wallula Basalt Carbon Dioxide Pilot Study R&D project exemption request May 29, 2013 Decision
SECARB Phase III Anthropogenic Test R&D project exemption request June 29, 2012 Decision
Archer Daniels Midland Company Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium Project R&D project exemption request October 12, 2011 Decision
Boise White Paper LLC Wallula Basalt Carbon Dioxide Pilot Study R&D project exemption request August 12, 2011 Decision
American Electric Power's Mountaineer Plant project R&D project exemption request July 29, 2011 Decision

* See 40 CFR Part 78 for appeals procedures, including the requirement that appeals must be made within 30 days after EPA's decision.

This information is provided by EPA solely for informational purposes. It does not provide legal advice, have legally binding effect, or expressly or implicitly create, expand, or limit any legal rights, obligations, responsibilities, expectations, or benefits in regard to any person.

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