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Radiation Protection

Radiation Protection Document Library

Document Keywords Description Document Number Related Topic Related Topic
Background Information Document for the Revision of 40 CFR Part 192 (PDF)(260 pp, 12 MB, 402-D-14-001) background, revision, 40 CFR 192, in-situ recovery Analysis for revision of 40 CR 192 402-D-14-001 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Economic Analysis: Proposed Revisions to the Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings Rule (40 CFR Part 192) (PDF)(141 pp, 4 MB, 402-R-14-003) economic, revision, 40 CFR 192, in-situ recovery This draft report provides an economic analysis for the revision of 40 CR 192. 402-R-14-003 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Ground Water Modeling Studies at In Situ Leaching Facilities and Evaluation of Doses and Risks to Offsite Receptors from Contaminated Ground Water: Appendix A (PDF)(5 pp, 54 K, 402-D-14-002) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 Verification Codes. 402-D-14-002 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Ground Water Modeling Studies at In Situ Leaching Facilities and Evaluation of Doses and Risks to Offsite Receptors from Contaminated Ground Water: Appendix B (PDF)(13 pp, 706 K, 402-D-14-002) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 Concentration Breakthrough Curves for Leak Scenarios Runs L-1 to L-24. 402-D-14-002 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Ground Water Modeling Studies at In Situ Leaching Facilities and Evaluation of Doses and Risks to Offsite Receptors from Contaminated Ground Water: Appendix C (PDF)(33 pp, 2 MB, 402-D-14-002) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 Concentration Breakthrough Curves for Excursion Runs 1a through 7g 402-D-14-002 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Ground Water Modeling Studies at In Situ Leaching Facilities and Evaluation of Doses and Risks to Offsite Receptors from Contaminated Ground Water: Appendix D (PDF)(4 pp, 255 K, 402-D-14-002) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 Concentration breakthrough curves for abandoned boreholes and discontinuous confining unit runs AB-R1, AB-R2, AB-R3, CBD-R1, and CBD-R2. 402-D-14-002 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Fact Sheet: Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings - Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (PDF)(2 pp, 168 K, October 2014, 402-F-13-051) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 This fact sheet provides an overview of the Notice Proposed Rulemaking for 40 CFR 192. 402-F-13-051 Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Report on Findings Related to the Restoration of Groundwater at In-Situ Uranium Mines in South Texas (PDF)(46 pp, 1 MB, September 29, 2008) 40 CFR 192, ISR, groundwater, uranium, Texas A report compiled by Southwest Groundwater Consulting, LLC that researches the restoration of aquifers after mining operations in Texas.   Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Meeting Notes: Public Information Meetings (Casper, WY and Denver, CO) (PDF) (22 pp, 157 K, May 24, 2010 (Casper) and May 26, 2010 (Denver)) 40 CFR Part 192 "40 CFR Part 61" "Uranium" "Thorium" "Mill Tailings" "Radon" "Subpart W" "NESHAP" "Casper, WY" "Denver, CO" "EPA Public Information Meeting" Meeting notes from the public information meetings held in Casper, WY on May 24, 2010 and Denver, CO on May 26, 2010.   Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Meeting Notes: Public Information Meeting (Corpus Christi, TX) (PDF)(15 pp, 96 K, November 4, 2010) 40 CFR Part 192 "40 CFR Part 61" "Uranium" "Thorium" "Mill Tailings" "Radon" "Subpart W" "NESHAP" "Corpus Christi" "EPA Public Information Meeting" Meeting notes from the public information meeting held in Corpus Christi, TX on November 4, 2010.   Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Presentation given at NAS/NRC Committee on Uranium Mining in Virginia (PDF)(37 pp, 658 K, October 26, 2010) 40 CFR Part 192 "40 CFR Part 61" "Uranium" "Thorium" "Mill Tailings" "Radon" "Subpart W" "NESHAP" This presentation was given at the NAS/NRC Committee on Uranium Mining in Virginia in Washington, DC on October 26, 2010.   Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Presentation given at Colorado and Wyoming Public Information Meetings (PDF) (42 pp, 866 K, May 24, 2010 (Casper) and May 26, 2010 (Denver))  uranium, thorium, 192, public information, 40 cfr par 61, mill tailings  This is the presentation used for May 2010 public information meetings held in Casper, WY and Denver, CO related to 40 CFR Part 192 rulemaking.   

40 CFR Part 192: 2015 Proposed Rulemaking and Background Documents

Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192)

Changes to, "Evaluation of Potential Economic Impacts of 40 CFR Part 197: Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada" (PDF)(3 pp, 19 K) Yucca Mountain, EIA, Yucca Mountain Rule Docket The following changes to the EIA in the Yucca Mountain Rule Docket (A-95-12, V-B-2) were made in this document to correct typographical and other minor errors in the text.   40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (PDF)(10 pp, 94 K) Yucca Mountain, High-level waste, spent nuclear fuel, nevada, environmental radiation standards, million year standards, 10000 Year Standard This paper was presented at the Waste Management Conference in February, 2002 in Tucson, Arizona.   40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Evaluation of Potential Economic Impacts of 40 CFR Part 197: Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (PDF)(132 pp, 1 MB, June 2001, 401-R-01-004) Yucca, radioactive waste, nuclear dump This Economic Impact Assessment (EIA) demonstrates that DOE’s strategy for development and design of a possible repository at Yucca Mountain has evolved so that the EPA’s 40 CFR Part 197 standards will have no impact on costs of the repository or the repository development program. 401-R-01-004 40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Fact Sheet # 4: Yucca Mountain - Agency Roles in the Approval, Monitoring and Operation of a Potential Yucca Mountain Repository (PDF)(1 pg, 465 K, October 2005, 402-F-05-028) nuclear, waste, management, spent, fuel Responsibilities of various federal agencies in building and regulating Yucca Mountain 402-F-05-028 40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197) - Final Rule: Response to Comments Document (PDF)(219 pp, 1 MB, 402-R-01-009) Radiation Protection Standards, Yucca Mountain, Nevada,40 CFR Part 197,Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards, nuclear waste EPA has finalized the radiation standards for public health and safety for Yucca Mountain, based in part upon the consideration of the public comments included in this document. 402-R-01-009 40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
EPA Assessment of Risks from Radon in Homes (PDF) (98 pp, 562 K, June 2003, 402-R-03-003) radon, radium, radiation, residence, school This document will serve as a technical basis for EPA’s estimates of risk from radon in homes. It provides estimates of the risk per unit exposure and projects the number of fatal lung cancers occurring in the U.S. population each year due to radon.  402-R-03-003 Radionuclide Basics: Radon Health Risk of Radon
Response to Comments: Amendments to the Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (PDF)(419 pp, 2 MB) Yucca Mountain, Yucca, Yucca Mtn., nuclear waste, repository, high-level waste This document includes EPA's responses to comments from the public on the amendments to 40 CFR 197 as proposed.   40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Ruling of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit: Yucca Mountain, Nevada (PDF)(100 pp, 337 K) Yucca, radioactive waste, nuclear, repository The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals determined that the 10,000-year regulatory period (the period covered by the standards) was not "based upon and consistent with" the NAS report's recommendation and vacated that portion of EPA's Yucca Mountain standards.   40 CFR Part 197 Resources Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)
Background Information Document: Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Final 40 CFR 197 (PDF)(134 pp, 7 MB, June 2001, 402-R-01-004) Yucca, environmental standards, spent fuel, high-level waste, radioactive waste This Background Information Document presents the technical information used by EPA to understand the characteristics of the Yucca Mountain site and to develop its rule, 40 CFR Part 197. 402-R-01-004 Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197) 40 CFR Part 197 Resources
40 CFR 190 Environmental Radiation Protection Requirements for Normal Operations of Activities in the Uranium Fuel Cycle: Final Environmental Statement - Volume I (PDF)(246 pp, 11 MB, November 1976, 520-4-76-016) 40 cfr 190, radiation, protection, normal, operations, uranium, fuel cycle, volume 1 This statement summarizes the data base and judgments upon which the proposed environmental radiation standards for planned radioactive effluents from the uranium fuel cycle are based. 520-4-76-016 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
40 CFR 190 Environmental Radiation Protection Requirements for Normal Operations of Activities in the Uranium Fuel Cycle: Final Environmental Statement - Volume II (PDF)(394 pp, 26 MB, 520-4-76-016B) 40 cfr 190, radiation, protection, normal, operations, uranium, fuel cycle, volume 2 This chapter of the Final Environmental Statement addresses all comment letters submitted on the Draft Environmental Statement. 520-4-76-016B Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Environmental Analysis of the Uranium Fuel Cycle: Part IV - Supplementary Analysis: 1976 (PDF)(156 pp, 5 MB, July 1976, 520-4-76-017) power reactors, fuel, reprocessing, 40 cfr 190 This report is one part of a three-part analysis of the impact of the various operations within the uranium fuel cycle. 520-4-76-017 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Errata 40 CFR 190: Environmental Analysis of the Uranium Fuel Cycle: Part III - Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing (PDF)(1 pg, 58 K) uranium, fuel, 40 CFR 190, nuclear, radiation This document provides updates and revisions to 40 CFR 190: Environmental Analysis of the Uranium Fuel Cycle (Part III Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing).   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Fact Sheet: Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for "Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations" (PDF)(2 pp, 565 K, September 2013, 402-F-12-001) environmental radiation protection standards, uranium fuel cycle, 40 CFR190 This fact sheet provides a brief summary of the Advanced Notice of Public Rulemaking for 40 CFR 190. 402-F-12-001 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Fact Sheet: EPA's Radiation Protection Standards (PDF)(2 pp, 269 K, September 2013, 402-F-12-002) environmental radiation protection standards, 40 CR 190, 40 CFR 191, 40 CFR 192, NESHAP Subpart W This fact sheet provides a brief description of EPA environmental radiation protection standards. 402-F-12-002 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Fact Sheet: What is the Uranium Fuel Cycle? (PDF)(2 pp, 2 MB, September 2013, 402-F-12-003) radiation protection, uranium fuel cycle, environmental standards This fact sheet illustrates the uranium fuel cycle and applicable environmental considerations.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Webinar Slides: Overview of the ANPR for Revising Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (PDF)(28 pp, 80 K, May 2014) environmental radiation protection standards, risk, dose, uranium fuel cycle, 40 CFR190 These presentation slides, available from a public webinar regarding revisions to 40 CFR 190 provide background information, issues for public comment and other information.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Webinar Slides: Consideration of a Risk Limit (PDF)(11 pp, 381 K, May 2014) environmental radiation protection standards, risk, dose, uranium fuel cycle, 40 CFR190 These presentation slides, available from a public webinar regarding revisions to 40 CFR 190 provide background information, information about risk limits, issues for public comment and other information related to considerations of a risk limit.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Webinar Slides: Radionuclide Release Limits (PDF)(13 pp, 58 K, April 2014) environmental radiation protection standards, uranium fuel cycle, 40 CFR190 These presentation slides, available from a public webinar regarding revisions to 40 CFR 190 provide background information, options for consideration, questions for public comment and other information.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Webinar Slides: Water Resources (PDF)(11 pp, 55 K, April 2014) environmental radiation protection standards, uranium fuel cycle, 40 CFR190 These presentation slides, available from a public webinar regarding revisions to 40 CFR 190 provide background information, rationale, issues for public comment and other information regarding water resources.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Analysis of EPA and DOE WIPP Air Sampling Data (PDF)(12 pp, 762 K) WIPP, air sampling, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, radiation During the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) April 2014 visit to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), EPA co-located four ambient air samplers with existing Department of Energy (DOE) ambient air samplers to independently corroborate DOE’s reported air sampling results.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Background Report: Recommendations on Guidance for Diagnostic X-Ray Studies in Federal Health Care Facilities (PDF)(38 pp, 892 K, March 1976, 520-4-76-002) radiation exposure from X rays, reduce exposure from diagnostic uses of x rays, SPEX Subcommittee on Prescription of Exposure to X rays, x ray equipment standards, diagnostic x ray examinations Guidance to reduce unnecessary radiation exposures from the use of x-rays in the healing arts in Federal health care facilities. 520-4-76-002 Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic X-rays Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic and Interventional X-Ray Procedures
Letter from EPA to DOE stating that the WIPP facility was in compliance from 2010-2012 (PDF)(3 pp, 249 K) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter states that the WIPP was in compliance from April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2012.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (October 2012) (PDF)(671 pp, 2 MB) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (BECR) documents United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) compliance with environmental regulations applicable to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility, a facility designed and authorized for the safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Cover Letter: Response from DOE to the Environmental Protection Agency Regarding the 2014 Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (PDF)(2 pp, 331 K) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter from DOE provides information about supplemental information that DOE is providing regarding the 2014 WIPP Biennial Environmental Compliance Report.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Cover Letter: Response from EPA to DOE regarding the 2014 WIPP Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (PDF)(2 pp, 570 K) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter confirms that EPA is reviewing the 2014 WIPP Biennial Environmental Compliance Report.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Cover Letter: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Report for reporting period April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2014 (PDF)(1 pg, 194 K) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This is the cover letter for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Report for reporting period April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2014.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Letter from EPA to DOE regarding the 2012-2014 Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (BECR) (PDF)(2 pp, 666 K) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter from EPA to DOE discusses outstanding items that remain to be addressed regarding the 2012-2104 BECR.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Regional Administrator’s letter regarding documentation for BECR Review (PDF)(2 pp, 666 K, April 6, 2015) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification On April 6, 2015, the EPA’s Region 6 Administrator, Ron Curry (acting as the EPA’s designated authority via HQ Administrator Gina McCarthy), issued a letter to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Environmental Management. Since documentation for a thorough, technical review still has not been submitted to the Agency by DOE, is unable to make a determination at this time.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Supplement to Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (PDF)(127 pp, 10 MB) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification On January 7, 2015, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) agreed to provide a supplement to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) 2014 Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (BECR).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
CAP88-PC Version 4 Testing Report: Revision 1 (PDF)(405 pp, 3 MB, June 2013) CAP-88 pc version, report, release candidate 3, test, testing, beta This report includes the results of the testing, to date, of CAP88 Version 4, Release Candidate 3.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 2.0: Training Slides (PDF)(32 pp, 405 K) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous These training slides provide an overview and supporting information for users of CAP88-PC Version 2.0.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 2.0: Updated User's Guide (PDF)(148 pp, 606 K, March 2000, 402-R-00-004) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous This user's guide is designed to help support users of CAP88-PC Version 2.0. 402-R-00-004 CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 2.1 (Beta): Installation and Operation Guide (PDF)(15 pp, 306 K) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous This document describes the installation and operation of CAP88-PC Version 2.1.1 (Beta).   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 2.1 User Guide: Draft Revision 1 (PDF)(67 pp, 749 K) cap-88 This user guide is designed to help support users of CAP88-PC Version 2.1.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 3.0 User Guide (PDF)(209 pp, 1 MB) cap-88 This user guide is designed to help support users of CAP88-PC Version 3.0.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 3.0: Installation Instructions (PDF)(3 pp, 122 K) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous Installation instructions for CAP88-PC Windows Version 3.0.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Version 3.0: Training Slides (PDF)(35 pp, 343 K) CAP88, CAP88-PC, CAP88PC, NESHAPs These training slides provide an overview and supporting information for users of CAP88-PC Version 3.0.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC Windows Version 2.0: Approval Memo (PDF)(2 pp, 380 K) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous This memo requests the approval of CAP88-PC for determining compliance with Clean Air Act National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants radionuclides standards at Department of Energy facilities.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
Notes on the Modified Buildup Factor Generation in CAP88-PC V3 (PDF)(1 pg, 17 K) cap-88 The CAP88-PC Release version of March 17, 2006 modified the method for implementing buildup factors in CAP88-PC. Earlier releases of version 3 used a calculationally optimized method of generating the buildup factors based upon a (default 100 year) decay and buildup using the standard bateman equations for radioactive decay and progeny ingrowth.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
User's Guide for CAP88-PC: Version 1.0 (PDF)(155 pp, 3 MB, 402-B-92-001) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous This user's guide is designed to help support users of CAP88-PC Version 1.0. 402-B-92-001 CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
What’s New in Version 2.1 (PDF)(8 pp, 88 K) cap-88 This document provides an overview of changes made in CAP88-PC Version 2.1.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Users Manual, Volume 1 (Chapters 1-7) (PDF)(74 pp, 3 MB) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous The EPA's set of computer programs, databases and associated utility programs that implements the mathematical model for assessing dose and risk due to radionuclide emissions to the air.   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendices F-H) (PDF)(46 pp, 5 MB) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous ALLRAD88 Data File, Sample PREPAR Input Array and PRDPOP Program File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendix A) (PDF)(73 pp, 3 MB) dose, risk, risk assessment, radionuclides, emissions, cap-88 AIRDOS-EPA (AIRDOS2.FOR) Program File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendix B) (PDF)(70 pp, 4 MB) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous REPAR (PREPAR2.FOR) Program File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendix C) (PDF)(131 pp, 8 MB) CAP-88, Clean Air Act, Risk Assessment, Radionuclide Emissions to Air ARTAB (DARTAB2.FOR) Program File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendix D) (PDF)(9 pp, 824 K) CAP-88, Clean Air Act, Risk Assessment, Radionuclide Emissions to Air PREDA (PREDA.FOR) Program File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 2 (Appendix E) (PDF)(6 pp, 569 K) CAP-88, Clean Air Act, Risk Assessment, Radionuclide Emissions to Air SAMPLE.JCL File   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 3 (Appendices J-K) (PDF)(19 pp, 883 K) CAP-88, Clean Air Act, Risk Assessment, Radionuclide Emissions to Air SAMPLE.SYNOPSIS Files and SECPOP Program Files   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 3 (Appendix I) (PDF)(101 pp, 4 MB) CAP-88, Clean Air Act, Risk Assessment, Radionuclide Emissions to Air Sample CAP-88 Output Files   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 3 (Appendix L) (PDF)(143 pg, 16 MB) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous Available STAR Data Sets   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
The Clean Air Act Assessment Package - 1988 (CAP-88): A Dose and Risk Assessment Methodology for Radionuclide Emissions to Air - Volume 3 (Appendix M) (PDF)(10 pp, 416 K) Clean Air Act, radionuclide, emissions, pollutants, hazardous CHAIN Program Files   CAP-88 Mainframe User's Manual and Appendices (Volumes 1-3) CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 1.1: Introduction to CAP88-PC (PDF)(8 pp, 196 K) Introduction, NESHAPs, 40 CFR 61, dose This training module details the history, purpose and limitations of CAP88.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 1.2: Equations Used For Calculating Dose (PDF)(44 pp, 3 MB) NESHAPs, 40 CFR 61, assessment This training module describes air transport of radionuclides and calculation of radionuclide concentrations in media, risk to individual receptors and dose and risk to populations.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 1.3: Downloading, Installing, and Running the CAP88-PC V4 (PDF)(41 pp, 980 K) NESHAPs, 40 CFR 61, dose, assessment This training module provides information about downloading, installing and running CAP88.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 1.4 Summary and Questions (PDF)(3 pp, 177 K) 40 CFR 61, NESHAPS, dose, assessment This training module provides a summary of the CAP88-PC V4 Training.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.1: Introduction (PDF)(6 pp, 188 K) NESHAPS, 40 CFR 61, Models, assessment This training module for experienced users provides background information and an introduction to CAP88-PC.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.2: Models, Methods, File Structures (PDF)(24 pp, 1 MB) NESHAPs, 40 CFR 61, assessment This training module for experienced users share information about models, methods and file structures.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.3: CAP88-PC V4 Limitations (PDF)(4 pp, 180 K) CAP88, CAP88-PC, CAP88PC, NESHAPs, limitations, version 4+F62 This training module for experienced users details CAP88-PC limitations.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.4: Reports and Error Logging (PDF)(19 pp, 1 MB) CAP88, CAP88-PC, CAP88PC, NESHAPs, error logs This training module for experienced users provides information about CAP88-PC Version 4 reports and error logging.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.5: V4 Tools, Utilities, and Options (PDF)(20 pp, 609 K) NESHAPS, assessment, 40 CFR 61 This training module for experienced users discusses the tools, utilities and options available in CAP88-PC Version 4.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
CAP88-PC V4 Training - Module 2.6: Summary and Questions (PDF)(5 pp, 184 K) NESHAPs, assessment, 40 cfr 61 This training module for experienced users provides a summary and questions about CAP88-PC Version 4.   CAP-88 and CAP-88 PC Resources CAP-88 & CAP-88 PC
Consequence Assessment Review Summary for the February 2014 Radiological Emission Release at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(4 pp, 478 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Shortly after the radiation release incident at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), DOE conducted a consequence assessment to estimate the extent of the release.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
FGR-13 Quality Assurance Efforts (PDF)(36 pp, 285 K) Federal guidance 13, DCAL This document briefly summarizes some of the quality assurance efforts undertaken with respect to the computation of the cancer risk coefficients of Federal Guidance Report 13.   DCAL Software and Resources Federal Guidance Report No. 13
User's Guide to the DCAL System (PDF)(118 pp, 1 MB, August 2006) risk coefficients, dose calculation, biokinetic, dosimetric, federal guidance report 12, 13 This report serves as a user’s manual for the first release of the Dose and Risk Calculation software, DCAL. DCAL consists of a series of computational modules, driven in either an interactive or a batch mode, for the computation of dose and risk coefficients.   DCAL Software and Resources Federal Guidance Report No. 13
Depleted Uranium: Technical Brief (PDF)(48 pp, 970 K, December 2006, 402-R-06-011) depleted uranium, depleted uranium chemical properties, depleted uranium monitoring, depleted uranium radiological properties, uranium site contamination This technical brief was developed to address the common misconception that depleted uranium represents only a radiological health hazard. It provides accepted data and references to additional sources for both the radiological and chemical characteristics, health risk as well as references for both the monitoring and measurement and applicable treatment techniques for depleted uranium. 402-R-06-011 Radionuclide Basics: Uranium 40 CFR Part 192
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-B: EPA Factual Memoranda (PDF)(3 pp, 84 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists factual memoranda from EPA related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-C: Correspondence Sent to Persons Outside the Agency (PDF)(4 pp, 84 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists correspondence sent to individuals outside EPA that is related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-D: Correspondence From Persons Outside the Agency (PDF)(10 pp, 242 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists correspondence from individuals outside EPA that is related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-E: EPA Memoranda of Meetings with Outside Persons (PDF)(3 pp, 55 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists EPA memoranda of meetings with outside persons related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-A: EPA Reports/Studies and Other Miscellaneous Reports (PDF)(4 pp, 90 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists reports and other miscellaneous items EPA reviewed in making its decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-F: Interagency Review Materials (PDF)(1 pg, 18 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists Interagency review materials related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191. This Index includes drafts sent to other Government agencies for comment, a copy of each document accompanying such drafts, all comments by such agencies, and any written responses of EPA to these comments.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category II-H: Public Comments Received in Response to the ANPR Dated November 15, 1996 (PDF)(4 pp, 82 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists public comments received in response to the ANPR dated November 15, 1996 related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category I: Notice of Intent of Developing Proposal (PDF)(1 pg, 21 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This is Index I-A-01 through I-A-03, Federal Register notices between 9/29/95 and 12/11/96.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category IV: Additional Items Considered After Proposal in Developing the Final Rule (PDF)(1 pg, 13 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists additional items that were considered after the proposal.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category IV-G: Post-Hearing Comments (PDF)(6 pp, 152 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists comments received after scheduled hearings related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
(Docket A-93-02) Category V-B: Final Support Documents (PDF)(2 pp, 50 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Index lists supporting documents related to the decision to certify that the Department of Energy had met the compliance criteria established by EPA in 40 CFR Part 194 and the disposal regulations set by EPA in 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP Docket A-93-02 Certification and Recertification of WIPP
Documenting Ground-Water Modeling at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances (PDF)(168 pp, 2 MB, January 1996, 540-R-96-003) ground water, radioactive contamination, environmental modeling This report demonstrates a thorough approach to documenting model applications in a consistent manner and is intended to assist technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models in support of cleanup decisions at radioactive and hazardous waste sites. 540-R-96-003 Fact Sheet: Documenting Ground-Water Models Selection at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substance Ground Water and Drinking Water
Enclosure (from letter from EPA to DOE sent 3/26/04) - Technical and Regulatory Support Document: EPA's Remote Handled Waste Characterization Determination (PDF)(87 pp, 467 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Based on the regulatory requirements presented in 40 CFR 194.24(c )(2) to (4) and 194.22(a)(1) and using experience gained as part of the CH waste characterization program, EPA examined the DOE’s RH Waste Characterization Proposal as presented in the WCPIP. EPA sought to understand DOE’s intended RH waste characterization process, and specifically whether the proposed methods outside of the current CH program were acceptable as proposed.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Enclosure from DOE letter dated 7/20/07 - Table 5-2, Isotopic Compositions of Rocky Flats Plutonium and Uranium (PDF)(15 pp, 429 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This enclosure includes Table 5-2, Isotopic Compositions of Rocky Flats Plutonium and Uranium   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Environmental Characteristics of EPA, NRC, and DOE Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances (PDF)(90 pp, 6 MB, March 1993, 402-R-93-011) contaminated sites, environmental contamination, radioactive contamination, federal sites This report is one of several consensus documents being developed cooperatively by the Interagency Environmental Pathway Modeling Workgroup. These documents will help bring a uniform approach to solving environmental modeling problems common to these three participating agencies in their site remediation and restoration efforts. 402-R-93-011 MARSSIM Superfund
Environmental Protection Agency's Confirmatory Dose Calculations of the Department of Energy's Use of CAP88-PC for the February 2014 Radiological Emission Release at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(11 pp, 453 K) dpm, isotopic, 40 CFR Part 61, radionuclides, Land Withdrawal Boundary, LWB, plutonium-239 On February 14, 2014, an event took place in the underground of the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) that led to the release of a small but measurable amount of radioactive material to the atmosphere. DOE is responsible for assuring that any radiological emissions from the WIPP do not exceed an effective dose equivalent (EDE) of 10 millirem (mrem)/year to any member of the public.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
EPA Actions in Response to Release of Radioactive Material from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) (PDF)(1 pg, 101 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, New Mexico environment Department, NMED This document provides information about the actions EPA is taking to support and provide oversight of the response effort, and provide information for the public.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
EPA Assessment of Fallout in the United States from Atmospheric Nuclear Testing on September 26 and November 17, 1976 by the People's republic of China (PDF)(134 pp, 5 MB, August 1977, 520-5-77-002) Nuclear, fallout, erams, radnet, radiological event monitoring This report was generated to assess environmental radiation contributions from the atmospheric nuclear weapons tests by the People's Republic of China on September 26, and November 17, 1976. 520-5-77-002 RadNet Historical Radiological Event Monitoring
EPA Preliminary Approval Letter to the Department of Energy (PDF)(4 pp, 38 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter from EPA to the Carlsbad Field Office of the Department of Energy communicates preliminary approval on a framework for RH waste characterization.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
EPA Radiogenic Cancer Risk Models and Projections for the U.S. Population (PDF)(175 pp, 3 MB, April 2011, 402-R-11-001) blue book; cancer; risk; models; low-dose radiation EPA estimates of cancer incidence and mortality risks due to low doses of ionizing radiation for the U.S. population, as well as their scientific basis. 402-R-11-001 Blue Book: EPA Radiogenic Cancer Risk Models and Projections for the U.S. Population Federal Guidance Report No. 13 - Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides (FGR-13)
EPA's Response to the February 2014 Release of Radioactive Material from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP): EPA's WIPP Air Sampling Data from April 2014 (PDF)(3 pp, 2 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Members of a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) environmental monitoring and assessment team spent several weeks at the WIPP site in early April 2014. While at the WIPP facility, EPA reviewed DOE’s air sampling plan for monitoring the area in and around the facility, visited DOE’s air samplers to review their operations and placed air samplers on-site near existing DOE samplers to independently corroborate DOE’s reported results.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) 2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP
EPA's Review of DOE's Inventory Tracking for TRU Wastes at Waste Control Specialists (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) waste control specialists, wipp, inspection, radiological event, 2014, epa, doe On April 9, 2014, EPA’s Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) waste characterization team visited Waste Control Specialists (WCS) to determine whether the Department of Energy (DOE) was meeting EPA’s waste inventory tracking requirements at 40 CFR 194.24(c)(4).   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Evaluation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Public Outreach Program during the Certification Process at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico (PDF)(6 pp, 37 K, April 2001) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (ORIA) contracted with Phoenix Environmental and EnviroIssues (the Consultant Team) to evaluate the effectiveness of its public outreach program during its certification of   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Certification and Recertification of WIPP
Fact Sheet: Computer Models Used to Support Cleanup Decision Making at Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Sites (PDF)(4 pp, 266 K, January 1996, 540-F-94-022) cleanup, hazardous waste, radioactive waste This quick reference fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report that was designed to be used by technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models to support cleanup decisions at hazardous and radio active waste sites. 540-F-94-022 Computer Models Used to Support Cleanup Decision Making at Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Sites Superfund
Fact Sheet: Documenting Ground-Water Models Selection at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substance (PDF)(8 pp, 781 K, January 1996, 540-F-96-002) contamination models, ground water, groundwater, ground-water, factsheet This quick reference fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report that was designed to be used by technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models to support cleanup decisions at hazardous and radio active waste sites. 540-F-96-002 Documenting Ground-Water Modeling at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances Ground Water and Drinking Water
Fact Sheet: Environmental Characteristics of EPA, NRC, and DOE Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances (PDF)(4 pp, 298 K, January 1996, 540-F-94-023) radioactive contamination, radioactive sites This quick reference fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report that was designed to be used by technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models to support cleanup decisions at hazardous and radio active waste sites. 540-F-94-023 Environmental Characteristics of EPA, NRC, and DOE Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances MARSSIM
Fact Sheet: Environmental Pathway Models-Ground-Water Modeling in Support of Remedial Decision Making at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Material (PDF)(6 pp, 519 K, January 1996, 540-F-94-024) radioactive contamination, environmental pathways, groundwater, ground water, ground-water This quick reference fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report that was designed to be used by technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models to support cleanup decisions at hazardous and radioactive waste sites. 540-F-94-024 Environmental Pathway Models-Ground-Water Modeling in Support of Remedial Decision Making at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Material Ground Water and Drinking Water
Fact Sheet: A Technical Guide to Ground-Water Model Selection at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances (PDF)(7 pp, 549 K, January 1996, 540-F-94-025) ground water, ground-water, groundwater, model selection, contaminant transport This quick reference fact sheet summarizes the findings of a report drafted by a joint Interagency Environmental Pathway Modeling Working Group that was designed to be used by technical staff responsible for identifying and implementing flow and transport models to support cleanup decisions at hazardous and radio active waste sites. 540-F-94-025 A Technical Guide to Ground-Water Model Selection at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances Ground Water and Drinking Water
Federal Guidance Report No. 11: Limiting Values Of Radionuclide Intake And Air Concentration And Dose Conversion Factors For Inhalation, Submersion, And Ingestion (PDF)(234 pp, 25 MB, September 1988, 520-1-88-020) radionuclide ingestion, inhalation, submersion These derived guides will be implemented by the various Federal agencies having regulatory responsibilities for workers in the public sector 520-1-88-020 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection Federal Guidance Report No. 10: The Radioactivity Concentration Guides
Federal Guidance Report No. 12: External Exposure to Radionuclides in Air, Water, and Soil (PDF)(238 pp, 3 MB, September 1993, 402-R-93-081) radionuclide, exposure, dose, federal guidance, Exposure-to-Dose Coefficients for General Application, Based on the 1987 Federal Radiation Protection Guidance. 402-R-93-081 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection Radiation Protection Guidance to Federal Agencies for Occupational Exposure; Approval of Environmental Protection Agency Recommendations
Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides (PDF)(335 pp, 3 MB, September 1999, 402-R-99-001) radionuclides, cancer, cancer risk, environmental exposure, federal guidance, cancer risk coefficients Radionuclide-Specific Lifetime Radiogenic Cancer Risk Coefficients for the U.S. Population, Based on Age-Dependent Intake, Dosimetry, and Risk Models 402-R-99-001 Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Supporting Materials Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No.14 (PDF)(145 pp, 19 MB, November 2014, EPA-402-R-10003) x-rays, medical, radiation Federal Guidance Report No. 14 provides federal facilities that use diagnostic and interventional x-ray equipment with recommendations for keeping patient doses as low as reasonably achievable without compromising the quality of patient care. 402-R-10-003

Federal Guidance Report No. 14: Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic and Interventional X-Ray Procedures

Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 1: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards (Federal Radiation Council) (PDF)(43 pp, 645 K, May 1960) Radiation protection standards, radiation effects, radiation exposure, Federal Radiation Council, Radiation Protection Guides This staff report seeks to provide some of the required radiation protection recommendations. These recommendations are of an interim nature. Periodic review will be necessary to incorporate new information as it develops. This staff report includes recommendations for additional research which will provide a firmer basis for the formulation of radiation standards. 402-F-12-003 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection Radiation Regulations and Laws
Federal Guidance Report No. 2: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards (Federal Radiation Council) (PDF)(23 pp, 373 K, September 1961) Radiation protection standards, radiation effects, radiation exposure, Federal Radiation Council, Radiation Protection Guides. FRC This report is concerned with the problem of providing guidance for Federal agencies in activities designed to limit exposure of members of population groups to radiation from radioactive materials deposited in the body as a result of their occurrence in the environment.   Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection Radiation Regulations and Laws
Federal Guidance Report No. 3: Health Implications of Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Testing through 1961 (PDF)(13 pp, 515 K, May 1962) Health effects of nuclear weapons testing, radiation exposure from fallout, radiation doses from nuclear weapons testing, biological effects of nuclear testing This report from the Federal Radiation Council considers available information on radiation doses and possible health effects of atmospheric nuclear weapons testing.   Federal Guidance Report No. 4: Estimates and Evaluation of Fallout in the United States from Nuclear Weapons Testing Conducted Through 1962 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 4: Estimates and Evaluation of Fallout in the United States from Nuclear Weapons Testing Conducted Through 1962 (PDF)(34 pp, 1 MB, May 1963) Fallout levels,Strontium-90,Carbon-14,Iodine-131,Health effects of nuclear weapons testing, radiation exposure from fallout, radiation doses from nuclear weapons testing, biological effects of nuclear testing This Federal Radiation Council report includes a full study and analysis of fallout expected in 1963 from nuclear testing that occurred in the past. This report covers fallout expected from Soviet and United States tests conducted to date.   Federal Guidance Report No. 3: Health Implications of Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Testing through 1961 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 5: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards (PDF)(19 pp, 475 K, July 1964) Radiation protection standards, radiation effects, radiation exposure, Federal Radiation Council, Radiation Protection Guides This report contains background material used in the development of guidance for Federal agencies in respect to: (1) planning protective actions to reduce potential doses to the population from radioactive fission products which may gain access to food, and (2) doses at which implementation of protective actions may be appropriate.   Federal Guidance Report No. 7: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards: Protective Action Guides for Strontium-89, Strontium 90 and Cesium-137 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 6: Revised Fallout Estimates for 1964-1965 and Verification of the 1963 Predictions (PDF)(32 pp, 568 K, October 1964) Fallout levels, nuclear testing,Strontium-90,Cesium-137,Iodine-131,Strontium-89,radionuclides The purposes of the present report are to: (1) compare the predictions made as to the levels of fallout anticipated in 1963 with the experience based on surveillance measurements, (2) make more precise estimates of the levels anticipated in 1964 and 1965, and (3) evaluate the validity of the prediction procedures when they are applied to a changing fallout situation such as now exists. The study is based on information available through June 1964.   Federal Guidance Report No. 4: Estimates and Evaluation of Fallout in the United States from Nuclear Weapons Testing Conducted Through 1962 Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 7: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards: Protective Action Guides for Strontium-89, Strontium 90 and Cesium-137 (PDF)(49 pp, 1 MB, May 1965) Contamination of environment by radionuclides strontium-89, strontium-90, and cesium-137,biological effects from irradiation by strontium-89, strontium-90, and cesium-137, protective action guide, radiation protection standards This report provides information and guidance for actions appropriate to situations involving contamination of the environment by the radionuclides strontium-89, strontium-90, and cesium-137.   Federal Guidance Report No. 2: Background Material for the Development of Radiation Protection Standards (Federal Radiation Council) Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Federal Guidance Report No. 8: Guidance for the Control of Radiation Hazards in Uranium Mining (PDF)(60 pp, 4 MB, September 1967) uranium, uranium mining, radiation hazards, federal radiation council This report supersedes the preliminary FRC staff Report No. 8 which was released on May 7, 1967, for discussion in the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearings on radiation exposure of uranium miners. It contains background material used in the development of guidance for Federal agencies in regulatory programs and in programs of cooperation with States concerning radiation protection in the mining of uranium ore, and seeks to provide guidance for long-term radiation protection in uranium mining.   Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection TENORM Resources
Federal Guidance Report No. 9: Radiation Protection Guidance For Diagnostic X Rays (PDF)(41 pp, 3 MB, 520-4-76-019) x-rays, medical, radiation This report includes discussions on the scope of the problem, prescription of x-ray studies, equipment, technic, dental radiography, and recommendations that are appropriate for guidance to Federal agencies. 520-4-76-019 Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic and Interventional X-Ray Procedures Background Report: Recommendations on Guidance for Diagnostic X-Ray Studies in Federal Health Care Facilities
Final Report: ISCORS Assessment of Radioactivity in Sewage Sludge: Modeling to Assess Radiation Doses (PDF)(247 pp, 1 MB, November 2003, 832-R-03-002A) Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards, ISCORS, Sewage Sludge Subcommittee, dose modeling, assessment, management, scenarios, municipal, publicly owned treatment facilities, potw This is the final version of an ISCORS dose modeling report related to radioactivity in sewage sludge. 832-R-03-002A ISCORS Study of Wastewater Treatment Plant TENORM TENORM: Wastewater Treatment Residuals
Final Report: ISCORS Assessment of Radioactivity in Sewage Sludge: Radiological Survey Results and Analysis (PDF)(228 pp, 2 MB, February 2005, 832-R-03-002) Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards, ISCORS, Sewage Sludge Subcommittee, dose modeling, assessment, management, scenarios, municipal, publicly owned treatment facilities, potw This report summarizes the information collected in the survey and developed through the analysis of samples. It also presents the sampling results in a series of tables broken down with respect to the characteristics of classes of POTWs that participated in the survey. 832-R-03-002 ISCORS Study of Wastewater Treatment Plant TENORM TENORM: Wastewater Treatment Residuals
Final Report: ISCORS Assessment of Radioactivity in Sewage Sludge: Recommendations on Management of Radioactive Materials in Sewage Sludge and Ash at Publicly Owned Treatment Works (PDF)(166 pp, 1 MB, February 2005, 832-R-03-002B) Interagency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards, ISCORS, Sewage Sludge Subcommittee, dose modeling, assessment, management, scenarios, municipal, publicly owned treatment facilities, potw ISCORS developed this recommendations report for use by POTW operators to evaluate whether the presence of radioactive materials in sewage sludge or ash could pose a threat to the health and safety of POTW workers or the general public. 832-R-03-002B ISCORS Study of Wastewater Treatment Plant TENORM TENORM: Wastewater Treatment Residuals
Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS (PDF)(19 pp, 2 MB) NSPS, NESHAPS, air pollution, clean air act This manual provides recommendations on the items a Regional Office (RO) should consider in evaluating a State's request for delegation.   Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS Radiation Regulations and Laws
Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS: Appendix A (PDF)(30 pp, 4 MB) NSPS, NESHAPS, air pollution, clean air act This appendix includes a chart of the New Source Performance Standards.   Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS Radiation Regulations and Laws
Guidance on Implementing the Radionuclide NESHAPs (PDF)(94 pp, 1 MB) radionuclide emissions, NESHAPs This document summarizes the general NESHAP requirements of 40 CFR 61 Subpart A and the requirements of the radionuclides NESHAPs at 40 CFR 61 Subparts B, H, I, K, Q, R, T, and W.   Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS Radiation Regulations and Laws
Template: NESHAPs Delegation Memo (PDF)(8 pp, 45 K) 40 CFR Part 61, emissions standards This document serves as model memo for NESHAPs delegation.   Good Practices Manual for Delegation of NSPS and NESHAPS Radiation Regulations and Laws
A Performance-Based Approach to the Use of Swipe Samples in Response to a Radiological or Nuclear Incident (PDF)(69 pp, 1 MB, October 2011, 600-R-11-122) radiological, detection, swipe samples, nuclear, incident, response This document describes the various swipe techniques that may be used to sample surfaces contaminated by radioactive materials following an incident such as the detonation of an improvised nuclear device (IND) or a radiological dispersal device (RDD) (“dirty bomb”). 600-R-11-122 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Guide for Laboratories — Identification, Preparation, and Implementation of Core Operations for Radiological or Nuclear Incident Response (PDF)(68 pp, 2 MB, June 2010, 402-R-10-002) radioanalytical, radiological, nuclear, incident, core operations, guidance, response, recovery This document provides guidance to radioanalytical laboratories that will support EPA’s response and recovery actions following a radiological or nuclear incident. This guide examines those core operations of federal, state, and commercial radioanalytical laboratories that will be challenged when responding to a radiological incident 402-R-10-002 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Guide for Radiological Laboratories for the Control of Radioactive Contamination and Radiation Exposure (PDF)(120 pp, 2 MB, August 2012, 402-R-12-005) radiological, contamination, exposure, guide, laboratories The guide discusses the need to prepare the laboratory to participate in the incident response by defining and establishing discreet work areas and operational guidelines for the various laboratory activities, based primarily on the levels of radioactivity being processed and the flow of radioactive material through the laboratory, and by establishing customized laboratory-specific protocols for the key activities that are likely to have an impact on contamination and radiation control. 402-R-12-005 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Method Validation Guide for Qualifying Methods Used by Radiological Laboratories Participating in Incident Response Activities (PDF)(71 pp, 2 MB, June 2009, 402-R-09-006) radiological, laboratory, incident, methods This document describes project method validation guidance that a radioanalytical laboratory should comply with in order to validate methods used to process samples submitted during a radiological or nuclear incident, such as that caused by a terrorist attack. 402-R-09-006 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Radiological Laboratory Sample Analysis Guide for Incident Response – Radionuclides in Soil (PDF)(114 pp, 5 MB, September 2012, 402-R-12-006) terrorist attack, integrated consortium of laboratory networks, icln, radiological laboratories, laboratory guides, incident response, radiation testing, soil The guidance provided in this document for the screening, pretreatment, and analysis of soil samples should assist those federal, state, and commercial radioanalytical laboratories that will be challenged with a large number of such samples when responding to a radiological incident. Three different types of events are discussed: a radiological transportation incident, a radiological dispersal device (RDD) (“dirty bomb”), and detonation of an improvised nuclear device (IND). 402-R-12-006 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Radiological Laboratory Sample Analysis Guide for Incidents of National Significance – Radionuclides in Air (PDF)(101 pp, 2 MB, June 2009, 402-R-09-007) terrorist attack, integrated consortium of laboratory networks, icln, radiological laboratories, laboratory guides, incident response, radiation testing, air The document describes the likely analytical decision paths that would be made by personnel at a radioanalytical laboratory following a radiological or nuclear incident, such as that caused by a terrorist attack. 402-R-09-007 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Radiological Laboratory Sample Analysis Guide for Incidents of National Significance — Radionuclides in Water (PDF)(80 pp, 2 MB, January 2008, 402-R-07-007) terrorist attack, integrated consortium of laboratory networks, icln, radiological laboratories, laboratory guides, incident response, radiation testing, water Three radioanalytical scenarios, responding to two different public health questions, address the immediate need to determine the concentration of known or unknown radionuclides in water. The scenarios are based upon the radionuclides that probably would be released by a radiological dispersion device or those that may be released intentionally into the drinking water supply. 402-R-07-007 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Radiological Laboratory Sample Screening Analysis Guide for Incidents of National Significance (PDF)(46 pp, 1 MB, June 2009, 402-R-09-008) terrorist attack, integrated consortium of laboratory networks, icln, radiological laboratories, laboratory guides, incident response, radiation testing The document describes methods that may be applied by personnel at a radioanalytical laboratory for sample radioactivity screening following a radiological or nuclear incident, such as that caused by a terrorist attack 402-R-09-008 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Uses of Field and Laboratory Measurements During a Radiological or Nuclear Incident (PDF)(103 pp, 5 MB, August 2012, 402-R-12-007) field, laboratory, measurements, radiological, nuclear, incident, radiation, terrorist attack, ind, rdd, analysis This document describes the interrelationship among field and laboratory radiological analytical measurements, their respective advantages and disadvantages, and the planning and analytical considerations necessary to obtain data of known and defensible quality for use by decision makers, primarily during the recovery phase. 402-R-12-007 Incident Guides Radiological Emergency Response
Interim Report: Field Demonstration Of Permeable Reactive Barriers To Remove Dissolved Uranium From Groundwater, Fry Canyon, Utah (PDF)(98 pp, 4 MB, November 2000, 402-C-00-001) cleanup, groundwater, uranium, The Fry Canyon site in southeastern Utah was selected in 1996 as a long-term field demonstration site to assess the performance of selected permeable reactive barriers for the removal of uranium (U) from ground water. 402-C-00-001 Ground Water and Drinking Water Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Joint NRC/EPA Sewage Sludge Radiological Survey: Survey Design & Test Site Results (PDF)(13 pp, 150 K, March 1999, 832-R-99-900) TENORM, sewage sludge, ISCORS This report presents the results of radioisotope analyses of sewage sludge and ash samples from nine test sites as a trial test of the procedures planned for use in a survey of some 300 facilities across the country 832-R-99-900 TENORM: Wastewater Treatment Residuals ISCORS Study of Wastewater Treatment Plant TENORM
Letter from DOE to EPA regarding a waste container disposed at the WIPP from the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (PDF)(3 pp, 207 K, June 20, 2007) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter is CBFO Notification to the EPA Regarding a Waste Container Disposed at the WIPP from the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Letter from EPA to DOE announcing EPA's decision to approve DOE's RH TRU Waste Characterization Implementation Plan. (PDF)(5 pp, 3 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter from EPA to the Carlsbad Field Office of the Department of Energy communicates preliminary approval on a framework for RH waste characterization.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Appendix A, Directed Planning Approaches (PDF)(17 pp, 166 K) observations, streamlined, applications, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data There are a number of approaches being used for directed planning of environmental operations. Some of these approaches were designed specifically for data collection activities; others are applications of more general planning philosophies   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Appendix B, The Data Quality Objectives Process (PDF)(42 pp, 594 K) suppliers, process, MARSSIM, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This appendix provides information about the basic framework of the DQO process (ASTM 5792; EPA, 2000; NRC, 1998; MARSSIM, 2000).   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Appendix C, Measurement Quality Objectives for Method Uncertainty and Detection and Quantification Capability (PDF)(17 pp, 207 K) Protocol, specifications, measurements, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This appendix expands on issues related to measurement quality objectives (MQOs) for several method performance characteristics which are introduced in Chapter 3, Key Analytical Planning Issues and Developing Analytical Protocol Specifications.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Appendix D, Content of Project Plan Documents (PDF)(32 pp, 223 K) plan documents, information, activities, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data Project plan documents were discussed in Chapter 4, Project Plan Documents. This appendix will discuss appropriate content of plan documents.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Appendix E, Contracting Laboratory Services (PDF)(37 pp, 266 K) Acquisition, federal, USGS, supplements, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This appendix provides general guidance on federal contracting and contracting terminology as used for negotiated procurements.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 1, Introduction to MARLAP (PDF)(19 pp, 1 MB) Radiological, radionuclides, guidance, protocols, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data MARLAP provides guidance for the planning , implementation, and assessment phases of those projects that require the laboratory analysis of radionuclides.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 2, Project Planning Process (PDF)(24 pp, 192 K) MARLAP, analysis, data, objectives, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, Radioanalytical data Efficient environmental data collection activities depend on successfully identifying the type, quantity, and quality of data needed, as well as how the data will be used to support the decision making process. MARLAP recommends the use of a directed or systematic planning process.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 3, Key Analytical Planning Issues and Developing Analytical Protocol Specification (PDF)(38 pp, 293 K) analytical, protocols, data, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides an overview of key analytical planning issues that should be addressed and resolved during a directed planning process.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 4, Project Plan Documents (PDF)(19 pp, 172 K) assurance, protocols, planning, quality, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data The project plan documents are a blueprint for how a particular project will achieve data of the type and quality needed and expected by the project planning team.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 5, Obtaining Laboratory Services (PDF)(17 pp, 170 K) services, MARLAP, mechanism, agencies, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter discusses the broad items that should be considered in the development of a procurement for laboratory services.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 6, Selection and Application of an Analytical Method (PDF)(43 pp, 405 K) laboratory, analytical, MARLAP, protocol, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides guidance to both the project manager and the laboratory on the selection and application of analytical method. It offers guidance to the project manager on the development of the analytical protocol specifications (APSs) from the laboratory€¢s perspective on method appropriateness and availability.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 7, Evaluating Methods and Laboratories (PDF)(34 pp, 742 K) evaluation, radioanalytical, guidance, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides guidance for the initial and ongoing evaluation of radioanalytical laboratories and methods proposed by laboratories.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 8, Radiochemical Data Verification and Validation (PDF)(31 pp, 762 K) assessment, analytical, verification, validation, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data The goal of the data collection process is to produce credible and cost-effective data to meet the needs of a particular project.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Chapter 9, Data Quality Assessment (PDF)(28 pp, 241 K) assessment, underlying, suitability, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides an overview of the data quality assessment (DQA) process, the third and final process of the overall data assessment phase of a project.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Cover (PDF)(1 pg, 305 K) assessment, implementation, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This is the cover of the MARLAP Manual Volume I.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Glossary (PDF)(55 pp, 395 K) Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data MARLAP Volume 1 Glossary   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume I: Title Page (PDF)(57 pp, 255 K) radionuclides, guidance, implementation, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This is the title page, foreword, contents, acknowledgements, abstract acronyms, and units information for the MARLAP Manual Volume I.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Appendix F, Laboratory Subsampling (PDF)(17 pp, 389 K) heterogeneous, mining, radioactive, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data In most cases a sample that arrives at the laboratory cannot be analyzed in its entirety. Usually only a small subsample is taken for analysis, and the analyte concentration of the subsample is assumed to be approximately equal to that of the sample itself. Obviously a subsample cannot be perfectly representative of a heterogeneous sample.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 10, Field and Sampling Issues that Affect Laboratory Measurements (PDF)(55 pp, 357 K) sampling, analyses, guidance, data, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides guidance to project managers, planners, laboratory personnel, and the radioanalytical specialists tasked with developing a field sampling plan.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 11, Sample Receipt, Inspection and Tracking (PDF)(13 pp, 168 K) tracking, surveying, contamination, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides guidance on laboratory sample receiving and surveying, inspecting, documenting custody, and assigning laboratory tracking identifiers (IDs).   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 12, Laboratory Sample Preparation (PDF)(44 pp, 379 K) sampling, analysts, methodology, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data On first impression, sample preparation may seem the most routine aspect of an analytical protocol.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 13, Sample Dissolution (PDF)(30 pp, 239 K) techniques, isolation, radiochemical, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data The overall success of any analytical procedure depends upon many factors, including proper sample preparation, appropriate sample dissolution, and adequate separation and isolation of the target analyses.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 14, Separation Techniques (PDF)(232 pp, 2 MB) isotopes, radionuclides, principles, chemical, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data The methods for separating, collecting, and detecting radionuclides are similar to ordinary analytical procedures and employ many of the chemical and physical principles that apply to their nonradioactive isotopes.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 15, Quantification of Radionuclides (PDF)(117 pp, 1 MB) calibration, instrumentation, nuclear-decay, emissions, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter presents descriptions of counting techniques, instrument calibration, source preparations, and the instrumentation associated with these techniques, which will help determine what radioanalytical measurement methods best suit a given need.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 16, Data Acquisition, Reduction, and reporting for Nuclear-Counting instrumentation. (PDF)(45 pp, 423 K) Data, guidance, acquisition, instrumentation, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter provides information and guidance, primarily for laboratory personnel, on data acquisition, reduction, and reporting for nuclear-counting instrumentation processes.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Chapter 17, Waste Management in a Radioanalytical Laboratory (PDF)(18 pp, 168 K) radioactive, violations, waste, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter presents information on the management of radioactive waste generated during analytical processes.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Cover (PDF)(1 pg, 306 K) This is the cover of the MARLAP Manual Volume II. This is the cover of the MARLAP Manual Volume II.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume II: Title Page (PDF)(31 pp, 186 K) radioanalytical, radiation, guidance, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This is the title page, foreword, contents, acknowledgements, abstract acronyms, and units information for the MARLAP Manual Volume II.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume III: Chapter 18, Laboratory Quality Control (PDF)(96 pp, 604 K) statistical, measurements, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter addresses internal laboratory quality control (QC), the purpose of which is to monitor performance, identify problems, and initiate corrective action.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume III: Chapter 19, Measurement Uncertainty (PDF)(111 pp, 1 MB) radioanalytical, mathematical, radioactive, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter discusses the evaluation and reporting of measurement uncertainty. Laboratory measurements always involve uncertainty, which must be considered when analytical results are used as part of a basis for making decisions.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume III: Chapter 20, Detection and Quantification Capabilities Overview (PDF)(64 pp, 496 K) detection, calculating, radionuclide, radioactivity, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This chapter discusses issues related to analyte detection and quantification capabilities.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume III: Cover Page (PDF)(1 pg, 307 K) NURGE, planning, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual - Volume III: Chapters 18-20 and Appendix G (Title page)   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARLAP Manual Volume III: Title Page (PDF)(23 pp, 166 K) radioanalytical, guidance, Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual, MARLAP, Radioanalytical data This is the title page, foreword, contents, acknowledgements, abstract acronyms, and units information for the MARLAP Manual Volume II.   MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)
MARSAME: Appendix A (PDF)(13 pp, 780 K) EPA, DOE, DoD, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME, statistics Statistical Tables and Procedures   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Appendix B (PDF)(6 pp, 75 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME, background, radioactivity Sources of Background Radioactivity   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Appendix C (PDF) (3 pp, 47 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME, background, radioactivity Examples of Common Radionuclides   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Appendix D (PDF)(26 pp, 307 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSAME, MARSSIM, instrument, measurement Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Appendix E (PDF)(14 pp, 155 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME, criteria, disposition Disposition Criteria   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 1 (PDF)(17 pp, 141 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME Introduction and Overview   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 2 (PDF)(22 pp, 159 K) EPA, DoD, DOE, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME, historical, initial assessment Initial Assessment of Materials and Equipment   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 3 (PDF)(26 pp, 311 K) EPA,DoD,DOE,NRC,MARSAME,MARSSIM,decision rule Identify Inputs to the Decision   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 4 (PDF)(25 pp, 255 K) EPA,DOE,DoD,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,survey,design Develop a Survey Design   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 5 (PDF)(27 pp, 314 K) EPA,DoD,DOE,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,implementation,survey Implement the Survey Design   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 6 (PDF)(29 pp, 308 K) EPA,DoD,DOE,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,statistics Evaluate the Survey Design   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 7 (PDF)(74 pp, 1 MB) EPA,DoD,DOE,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,statistics Statistical Basis for MARSAME Surveys   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Chapter 8 (PDF)(47 pp, 662 K) EPA,DoD,DOE,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,case studies, illustrative examples Illustrative Examples   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Cover Page and Spine (PDF)(2 pp, 850 K) DoD,EPA,DOE,NRC,MARSSIM,MARSAME,cover,spine This document provides the cover page and easy to print spine label for the MARSAME Manual.   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Glossary (PDF)(11 pp, 125 K) MARSSIM, MARSAME This is the glossary for the MARSAME Manual.   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: References (PDF)(8 pp, 83 K) MARSSIM, MARSAME References used in the drafting of this consensus technical document are listed in this section   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Roadmap (PDF)(20 pp, 172 K) MARSSIM ,MARSAME The goal of the roadmap is to present a summary of the major steps in the design, implementation, and assessment of a final status survey and to identify where guidance on these steps is located in MARSAME Manual.   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSAME: Table of Contents (PDF)(32 pp, 219 K, January 2009, 402-R-09-001) MARSSIM ,MARSAME This is the table of contents for MARSAME   MARSAME Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM, Revision 1, CORRECTIONS (PDF)(30 pp, 354 K, August 2002) MARSSIM, corrections, final status, survey, updates Revision 1 corrections of MARSSIM   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix A (PDF)(20 pp, 328 K) MARSSIM, final status, survey Example of MARSSIM Applied to a Final Status Survey   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix B (PDF)(2 pp, 96 K) MARSSIM, decommissioning, MARLAP MARSSIM Workgroup Simplified Procedure for Certain Users of Sealed Sources, Short Half-Life Materials, and Small Quantities   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix C (PDF)(21 pp, 163 K) MARSSIM, final status, survey Regulations and Requirements Associated with Radiation Surveys and Site Investigations   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix D (PDF)(29 pp, 301 K) MARSSIM, data life cycle, type I error, type II error, final status, survey The Planning Phase of the Data Life Cycle   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix E (PDF)(5 pp, 61 K) MARSSIM, Final Status, Survey, Assessment The Assessment Phase of the Data Life Cycle   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix F (PDF)(10 pp, 171 K) MARSSIM, final status, survey The Relationship Between the Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Process, The CERCLA Remedial or Removal Process, and the RCRA Corrective Action Process   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix G (PDF)(22 pp, 181 K) MARLAP, assessment, final status, marssim Historical Site Assessment Information Sources   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix H (PDF)(56 pp, 462 K) MARSSIM, field survey, analysis, equipment Description of Field Survey and Laboratory Analysis Equipment   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix I (PDF)(36 pp, 971 K) MARSSIM, marlap, assessment, status Statistical Tables and Procedures   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix J (PDF)(10 pp, 269 K) MARSSIM, marlap, assessment, status, alpha survey Derivation of Alpha Scanning Equations Presented in Section 6.7.2.2   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix K (PDF)(6 pp, 101 K) MARSSIM, marlap, comparison tables, quality assurance Comparison Tables between Quality Assurance Documents   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix L (PDF)(8 pp, 61 K) MARSSIM, marlap, crcpd, Regional Radiation Program Managers   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix M (PDF)(10 pp, 77 K) marssim, sampling methods, sources, federal, state, marlap Sampling Methods: A List of Sources   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Appendix N (PDF)(18 pp, 184 K) MARSSIM, data validation, descriptors Data Validation Using Data Descriptors   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Availability of Reference Materials (PDF)(1 pg, 27 K) MARSSIM, NUREG, marlap, assessment This document details how to obtain (and the availability of) reference materials used in the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Bibliographic Data Sheet (PDF)(1 pg, 29 K) MARSSIM This document shows the performing and sponsoring agencies in the creation of the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 1 (PDF)(9 pp, 91 K) MARSSIM Introduction: Purpose and Scope of MARSSIM   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 2 (PDF)(40 pp, 243 K) MARSSIM Overview of the Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Process   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 3 (PDF)(26 pp, 228 K) MARSSIM Historical Site Assessment   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 4 (PDF)(39 pp, 489 K) MARSSIM Preliminary Survey Considerations   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 5 (PDF)(55 pp, 339 K) MARSSIM Survey Planning and Design   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 6 (PDF)(66 pp, 364 K) MARSSIM Field Measurement Methods and Instrumentation   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 7 (PDF)(28 pp, 247 K) MARSSIM Sampling and Preparation for Laboratory Measurements   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 8 (PDF)(27 pp, 398 K) MARSSIM Interpretation of Survey Results   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Chapter 9 (PDF)(9 pp, 72 K) MARSSIM, final status, survey, QAPP, QA, QC Quality Assurance and Quality Control   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Cover Page and Spine (PDF)(2 pp, 110 K) MARSSIM, cover page, spine, final status, survey This document provides the cover page and easy to print spine label for the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Glossary (PDF)(24 pp, 324 K) MARSSIM This is the glossary for the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Index (PDF)(11 pp, 133 K) MARSSIM This is the index for the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: References, Regulations, & U.S. Code (PDF)(18 pp, 181 K) MARSSIM, MARSAME This is the list of references, pertaining to the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Roadmap (PDF)(15 pp, 184 K) MARSSIM, final status, survey, roadmap The goal of the roadmap is to present a summary of the major steps in the design, implementation, and assessment of a final status survey and to identify where guidance on these steps is located in MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM: Table of Contents (PDF)(26 pp, 163 K) MARSSIM This is the table of contents for the MARSSIM Manual.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
Memo: The Consultation on Proposed Updates and Changes to the Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Inspection Manual (MARSSIM) (PDF)(2 pp, 672 K) MARSSIM, dose, risk-based regulations, radiological This memo was sent from the Director of EPA's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (ORIA) to the Science Advisory Board on June 22, 2011.   Download the MARSSIM Manual and Resources Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM Workgroup Charter (PDF)(5 pp, 1 MB) EPA, NRC, DOE, DoD, MARSSIM, MARLAP, MARSAME This charter allows for the continuance of the Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM) Workgroup and describes the mission, scope, vision, values and processes for the Workgroup's activities and products.   MARSSIM Workgroup Materials Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM Workgroup Contact Information (PDF)(4 pp, 29 K) DOE, DoD, EPA, NRC, MARSSIM, MARSAME This contact list provides the most up to date contact information for MARSSIM Workgroup members.   MARSSIM Workgroup Materials Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
MARSSIM Workgroup Meeting Minutes: February 14, 2017 (PDF)(12 pp, 176 K) MARLAP, NRC, DOE, MULTI-AGENCY, SITE INVESTIGATION MANUAL Meeting minutes from the February 14, 2017 meeting of the MARSSIM Workgroup.   MARSSIM Workgroup Materials Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)
Memorandum of the Establishment of Cleanup Levels for CERCLA Sites with Radioactive Contamination (PDF)(22 pp, 209 K, August 22, 1997) CERCLA, radiation cleanup This memorandum presents clarifying guidance for establishing protective cleanup levels for radioactive contamination at Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) sites. The policies stated in this memorandum are inclusive of all radioactive contaminants of concern at a site including radon.   Superfund Summary of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund)
NAREL Quality Assurance Project Plan: Deployment of Air Monitors to the WIPP Site (PDF)(29 pp, 918 K) WIPP, air sampling, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, radiation The goal of this report is to determine whether EPA, with similar methods and site locations, corroborates the analytical results that DOE obtains from its monitors.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Notification of Planned Change to the EPA 40 CFR Part 194 Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste Characterization Plan (PDF)(33 pp, 431 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The U.S. Department of Energy/Carlsbad Field Office (DOE/CBFO) provided the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) this Notification of Planned Change (Notification) to accept remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
(1992) Implementation of Protective Actions for Radiological Incidents at Other Than Nuclear Power Reactors: Workshop Proceedings (PDF)(88 pp, 5 MB, September 1991) Protective Actions, Radiological Incidents, Nuclear Power Reactors, pag The principal objective of this Workshop was to provide a forum for the States to identify and discuss issues regarding implementation of protective actions following a radiological accident involving a Federal or commercial nuclear facility, with emphasis on source terms other than power reactors.   PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
(1992) Manual of Protection Action Guides and Protective Actions for Nuclear Incidents (PDF)(274 pp, 15 MB, May 1992, 400-R-92-001) Protective Actions, Radiological Incidents, Nuclear Power Reactors, pag, manual The purpose of this manual is to assist officials in establishing emergency response plans and in making decisions during a nuclear incident. 400-R-92-001 PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
(2017) Protective Action Guides and Planning Guidance for Radiological Emergencies: Final Revision (112 pp, 1.44 MB, March 2013) Protective Actions, Radiological Incidents, Nuclear Power Reactors, draft, page, manual The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed this Manual to assist public officials in planning for emergency response to radiological incidents.   PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
(2013) Fact Sheet on the Proposed Revisions (PDF)(2 pp, 85 K, April 2013) radiation protection, radiological emergency, proposed document This fact sheet provides information about proposed revisions to the PAG Manual in 2013.   PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
(2013) PAG Manual Revision Overview (PDF)(24 pp, 592 K, June 2013) pags, pag, dosimetry, radiological, waste management This presentation provides an overview of the proposed revisions to the PAG Manual in 2013.   PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
Perspective on the use of LNT for Radiation Protection and Risk Assessment by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (PDF)(8 pp, 84 K, 2009) Risk Assessment, BEIR, linear no threshold, LNT, radiation This paper discusses EPA's views on the controversy surrounding the use of the linear, no-threshold (LNT) model in radiation risk assessment, guidelines, and regulations.   Blue Book: EPA Radiogenic Cancer Risk Models and Projections for the U.S. Population Tools for Calculating Radiation Dose and Risk
Profile and Management Options for EPA Laboratory Generated Mixed Waste (PDF)(120 pp, 974 K, August 1996, 402-R-96-015) mixed waste, mixed waste management This report is designed to aid EPA in defining future low-level and mixed waste guidance for EPA laboratories. 402-R-96-015

Defining Hazardous Waste: Listed, Characteristic and Mixed Radiological Wastes

Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Environmental Perspective
Quality Assurance Project Plan: Environmental Protection Agency's Verification of the Department of Energy's CAP-88 PC WIPP Release Dose Calculations (PDF)(22 pp, 5 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The objective of this report is to use various versions of CAP88 to replicate DOE dose calculations.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Brochure: Radiation and Indoor Environments National Laboratory (RIENL) (PDF)(8 pp, 1 MB, October 1998) environmental monitoring, emergency response, radiation laboratory, radiation and indoor environments national laboratory This brochure provides information about EPA's Radiation and Indoor Environments National Laboratory (RIENL) and its capabilities.   About the National Center for Radiation Field Operations (NCRFO) Radiological Emergency Response
Radiation: Facts, Risks and Realities (PDF)(17 pp, 876 K, April 2012, 402-K-10-008) ionizing, atoms, radioactivity, radio-active This booklet provides an overview of radiation risks and realities. 402-K-10-008 Radiation Basics EPA's Role in Radiation Protection
Radiation Protection at EPA: The First 30 Years (PDF)(84 pp, 1 MB, August 2000, 402-B-00-001) radiation, EPA history, radiation protection, ionizing radiation, nuclear fuel cycle standards and regulations , environmental standards, emergency response This report details the history of EPA's Radiation Protection program 402-B-00-001 EPA's Role in Radiation Protection The Future of Radiation Protection: Handbook and Companion Poster
Radiation Protection: EPA's Unique Role (PDF)(2 pp, 411 K, March 2002, 402-F-01-021) radiation, environmental standards, radioactivity This document describes EPA's role in radiation protection of the environment and the public and its Radiation Protection Program. 402-F-01-021 EPA's Role in Radiation Protection Radiation: Facts, Risks, and Realities
Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Environmental Perspective (PDF)(16 pp, 2 MB, 1994, 402-K-94-001) radiation This booklet describes the different categories of waste, discusses disposal practices for each type and describes the way they are regulated. 402-K-94-001 Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197) Radiation Regulations and Laws
Radionuclide Table (PDF)(72 pp, 714 K) radioisotopes, tritium, holmium, thulium, osmium, mendelevium, isotope, americium, berkelium, dysprosium The Radionuclide Table, formerly HEAST Table 4, lists ingestion, inhalation and external exposure cancer slope factors (risk coefficients for total cancer morbidity) for radionuclides in conventional units of picocuries (pCi).   Radionuclide Table: Radionuclide Carcinogenicity Slope Factors User's Guide
User's Guide (PDF)(12 pp, 87 K) HRS, RAGS, HHEM The User's Guide describes the derivation of the slope factors in the Radionuclide Table, information about the table, and contact information.   Tools for Calculating Radiation Dose and Risk Radionuclide Table: Radionuclide Carcinogenicity Slope Factors
RadMap Fact Sheet (PDF)(1 pg, 152 K)  radmap, fact sheet, fact-sheet RadMap is an interactive desktop tool featuring a nationwide map of long-term radiation monitoring locations across the United States and access to key information about the monitor and the area surrounding it.   RadMap Radiological Emergency Response
Rapid Method for Acid Digestion of Glass-Fiber and Organic/Polymeric Composition Filters and Swipes Prior to Isotopic Uranium, Plutonium, Americium, Strontium, and Radium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(14 pp, 129 K, October 2012, 402-R-12-009)   The method is based on the complete dissolution of both the filter material and the deposited particulates. 402-R-12-009 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Fusion of Soil and Soil-Related Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(23 pp, 213 K, August 2012, 600-R-12-636/7/8)   The method is based on the complete fusion of a representative, finely ground 1-g aliquant of dried sample with no insoluble residue remaining after dissolution of the fused melt in acid. For media composed of organic soil matrices, the sample is dry-ashed at 600 oC in an appropriate vessel prior to fusion. 402-R-12-008 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Radium in Soil Incorporating the Fusion of Soil and Soil-Related Matrices with the Radioanalytical Counting Method for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(29 pp, 291 K, August 2012, 600-R-12-635)   The method is based on the complete fusion of a representative, finely ground 1-gram aliquant of dried sample with no insoluble residue remaining after dissolution of the fused melt in acid. For media composed of organic soil matrices, the sample is dry-ashed at 600 oC in an appropriate vessel prior to fusion. 600-R-12-635 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Sodium Carbonate Fusion of Glass-Fiber and Organic/Polymeric Composition Filters and Swipes Prior to Isotopic Uranium, Plutonium, Americium, Strontium, and Radium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(22 pp, 178 K, August 2012, 600-R-12-640)   The method is based on the complete dissolution of both the filter or swipe material and the deposited particulates. 600-R-12-640 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Sodium Carbonate Fusion of Soil and Soil-Related Matrices Prior to Strontium-90 Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(14 pp, 142 K, October 2012, 402-R-12-008)   The method is based on the complete fusion of a representative, finely ground 1-g aliquant of dried sample with no insoluble residue remaining after dissolution of the fused melt in acid. For media composed of organic soil matrices, the sample is dry-ashed at 600 oC in an appropriate vessel prior to fusion. 402-R-12-008 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(32 pp, 191 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-004)   The method is based on the rapid fusion of a representative, finely ground 1–1.5 g aliquant using rapid sodium hydroxide fusion at 600 °C. Pu, U, and Am are separated from the alkaline matrix using an iron/titanium hydroxide precipitation (enhanced with calcium phosphate precipitation) followed by a lanthanum fluoride matrix removal step. 402-R-14-004 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide/Sodium Peroxide Fusion of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Materials in Water and Air Filter Matrices Prior to Plutonium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(25 pp, 237 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-003)   The method is based on total dissolution of RTG materials in water or air filter samples. The air filter is fused using rapid sodium hydroxide/sodium peroxide at 700 °C. Water samples: refractory RTG particles are collected on a 0.45-?m filter using vacuum. RTG activity remaining in the aqueous filtrate is preconcentrated using calcium phosphate precipitation. 402-R-14-003 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Americium-241 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(20 pp, 218 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-007)   This method1 is based on the use of extraction chromatography resins (TEVA® + DGA® Resins) to isolate and purify americium by removing interfering radionuclides as well as other matrix components in order to prepare the americium fraction for counting by alpha spectrometry. 402-R-14-007 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Americium-241 in Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(22 pp, 237 K, October 2011, 402-R-10-001a)   The method is based on a sequence of two chromatographic extraction resins used to concentrate, isolate, and purify americium by removing interfering radionuclides as well as other components of the water matrix in order to prepare the americium fraction for counting by alpha spectrometry. 402-R-10-001a Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Isotopic Uranium in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(22 pp, 254 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-005)   This method is based on the use of extraction chromatography resins to isolate and purify uranium isotopes by removing interfering radionuclides as well as other components of the matrix in order to prepare the uranium fraction for counting by alpha spectrometry. 402-R-14-005 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Isotopic Uranium in Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF) (22 pp, 314 K, October 2011, 402-R-10-001e)  rapid methods, emergency response, incident, laboratories This method is based on the sequential elution of interfering radionuclides as well as other components of the matrix by extraction chromatography to isolate and purify uranium in order to prepare the uranium for counting by alpha spectrometry.  402-R-10-001e Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Phosphorus-32 in Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(19 pp, 340 K, November 2011, 600-R-11-181)   The method will be applicable to water samples where radioactive contamination is either from known or unknown origins. The method is specific for Phosphorus-32 in drinking water and other aqueous samples. The method uses rapid radiochemical separation techniques for determining Phosphorus-32 in water samples following a radiological or nuclear incident. 600-R-11-181 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Plutonium-238 and Plutonium-239/240 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(20 pp, 223 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-006)   This method is based on the use of TEVA® Resin (Aliquat 336 extractant-coated resin) to isolate and purify plutonium by removing interfering radionuclides as well as other components of the matrix in order to prepare the plutonium fraction for counting by alpha spectrometry. The method utilizes vacuum-assisted flow to improve the speed of the separations. 402-R-14-006 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Plutonium-238 and Plutonium-239/240 in Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(21 pp, 214 K, October 2011, 402-R-10-001b)   This method is based on the sequential use of two chromatographic extraction resins to isolate and purify plutonium by removing interfering radionuclides as well as other components of the matrix in order to prepare the plutonium fraction for counting by alpha spectrometry. 402-R-10-001b Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Radium-226 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(32 pp, 378 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-002)   A known quantity of 225Ra is used as the yield tracer in this analysis. The sample is fused using procedure, Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses (Reference 16.3), and then the radium isotopes are removed from the fusion matrix using a carbonate precipitation step. 402-R-14-002 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Radium-226 in Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(29 pp, 445 K, October 2011, 402-R-10-001c)   A known quantity of 225Ra is used as the yield determinant in this analysis. Since the source of the suspected contamination may not be known, the sample is initially digested using concentrated nitric acid, followed by volume reduction and conversion to the chloride salt using concentrated hydrochloric acid. 402-R-10-001c Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Total Radiostrontium (Sr-90) In Water for Environmental Remediation Following Homeland Security Events (PDF) (33 pp, 448 K, October 2011, 402-R-10-001d) rapid methods, emergency response, incident, laboratories Strontium is isolated from the matrix and purified from potentially interfering radionuclides and matrix constituents using a strontium-specific, rapid chemical separation method. The sample is equilibrated with strontium carrier, and concentrated by Sr/BaCO3 coprecipitation. If insoluble residues are noted during acid dissolution  402-R-10-001d Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Method for Total Radiostrontium (Sr-90) In Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(32 pp, 311 K, April 2014, 402-R-14-001)   Strontium is isolated from the matrix and purified from potentially interfering radionuclides and matrix constituents using a strontium-specific, rapid chemical separation method. The sample is equilibrated with strontium carrier, and concentrated by Sr/BaCO3 coprecipitation. If insoluble residues are noted during acid dissolution 402-R-14-001 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Methods Applicable to Selected Radionuclides for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(11 pp, 83 K, April 2014)   Preface to the Third Edition: Water, Air Particulate Filters and Swipes, Soil, Building Materials, and Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Material   Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides in Water for Environmental Restoration Following Homeland Security Events (PDF)(146 pp, 2 MB, February 2010, 402-R-10-001)   This compendium provides rapid radioanalytical methods for selected radionuclides in an aqueous matrix. These new methods were developed to expedite the analytical turnaround time necessary to prioritize sample processing while providing quantitative results that meet measurement quality objectives applicable to the intermediate and recovery phases of a nuclear or radiological incident of national significance, such as the detonation of an IND or RDD. 402-R-10-001 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Validation of Rapid Radiochemical Method for Am-241 in Brick Samples for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(77 pp, 732 K, September 2014, 402-R-14-008) validate, materials, radiation, radioactive This report provides a summary of the results of the method validation process for a combination of two methods; Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents and Rapid Radiochemical Method for Pu-238 and Pu-239/240 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents. 402-R-14-008 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Validation of Rapid Radiochemical Method for Isotopic Uranium in Brick Samples for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(83 pp, 817 K, September 2014, 402-R-14-012) validate, materials, radiation, radioactive This report provides a summary of the results of the method validation process for a combination of two methods; Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents and Rapid Radiochemical Method for Isotopic Uranium in Brick for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents. 402-R-14-012 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Validation of Rapid Radiochemical Method for Pu-238 and Pu-239/240 in Brick Samples for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(76 pp, 707 K, September 2014, 204-R-14-009) validate, materials, radiation, radioactive This report provides a summary of the results of the method validation process for a combination of two methods; Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents and Rapid Radiochemical Method for Pu-238 and Pu-239/240 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents. 204-R-14-009 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Validation of Rapid Radiochemical Method for Radium-226 in Brick Samples for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(94 pp, 861 K, September 2014, 402-R-14-010) validate, materials, radiation, radioactive This report provides a summary of the results of the method validation process for a combination of two methods; Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents and Rapid Radiochemical Method for Ra-226 in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents. 402-R-14-010 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Validation of Rapid Radiochemical Method for Total Radiostrontium (Sr-90) in Brick Samples for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents (PDF)(89 pp, 819 K, September 2014, 402-R-14-011) validate, materials, radiation, radioactive This report provides a summary of the results of the method validation process for two methods: Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Concrete and Brick Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents and Rapid Radiochemical Method for Total Radiostrontium (Sr-90) in Building Materials for Environmental Remediation Following Radiological Incidents. 402-R-14-011 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
A Regulator's Guide to Management of Radioactive Residuals from Drinking Water Treatment Technologies (PDF)(81 pp, 637 K, July 2005, 816-R-05-004) thorium, uranium, radium, drinking water residuals, potw, radioactive, dw, drinking water, treatment This document provides an overview of the types of treatment listed as Best Available Technologies (BATs) and Small System Compliance Technologies (SSCTs) 816-R-05-004 Water Resources TENORM
DOE's Remote-Handled TRU Waste Characterization Program: Implementation Plan (PDF)(127 pp, 2 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic waste, salt disposal investigations, SDI project Remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste characterization, which involves obtaining chemical, radiological, and physical data, is a primary component of ensuring compliance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) with regulatory requirements.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing: Environmental Fact Sheet (PDF)(4 pp, 222 K, July 1990, 530-SW-90-070A) fact sheet, factsheet This fact sheet provides background and other information about EPA's 1990 "Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing." 530-SW-90-070A Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)

Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing: Summary and Findings (PDF) (22 pp, 1 MB, July 1990, 530-SW-90-070B)

tenorm This report provides a summary and background information about the "Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing."   Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing: Summary and Findings Methods and Analyses Appendices (PDF)(641 pp, 43 MB, July 1990, 530-SW-90-070C) appendix This report summarizes and discusses the methods used in the, "Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing." 530-SW-90-070C Report to Congress on Special Wastes from Mineral Processing Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Request for Assistance and Information on Radiological Event at the WIPP from the U.S. Senate (PDF)(2 pp, 400 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Martin Heinrich Senate request to EPA Administrator asking for additional information and assets at the WIPP.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Resource Guide for Electrokinetics Laboratory and Field Processes Applicable to Radioactive and Hazardous Mixed Wastes in Soil and Groundwater from 1992 to 1997 (PDF)(83 pp, 1 MB, September 30, 1997, 402-R-97-006) Radioactive, porous, hazardous, cleanup This resource document compiles a list of all electrokinetic processes used on a patented, bench, pilot, field or conceptual scale from the period 1992 to 1997. It is intended to be used by anyone interested in learning about the work that has occurred in the field of electrokinetics or by environmental management and scientists responsible for identifying and selecting a remediation tool for use at sites containing radioactive materials. 402-R-97-006 Ground Water and Drinking Water Defining Hazardous Waste: Listed, Characteristic and Mixed Radiological Wastes
Response to Senator Martin Heinrich on Radiological Event at WIPP (PDF)(2 pp, 166 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Martin Heinrich Letter from EPA to Senator Heinrich outlining EPA actions in response to the radiological event at WIPP.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Response to Senator Udall on Radiological Event at the WIPP (PDF)(2 pp, 164 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Martin Heinrich Letter from EPA to Senator Udall outlining EPA actions in response to the radiological event at WIPP.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
(Review Draft) Radiation Site Cleanup Regulations: Technical Support Document For The Development Of Radionuclide Cleanup Levels For Soil (PDF)(25 pp, 223 K, 402-R-96-001a) cleanup standards, cleanup levels, radionuclides This document describes parts of the technical analysis being undertaken to support proposed regulations that set standards for radiation doses received by members of the public as a result of radionuclide contamination on sites under the control of a Federal Agency, and on sites licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) or an NRC Agreement State, that are to be released from those licenses or control. 402-R-96-001a Superfund MARSSIM
Stabilization/Solidification Processes for Mixed Waste (PDF)(91 pp, 995 K, June 1996, 402-R-96-014) mixed waste, stabilization, solidification, mixed waste treatment This document discusses waste stabilization and solidification processes in order to consider the appropriateness of several processes for specific low-level mixed waste (LLMW) categories. 402-R-96-014 Defining Hazardous Waste: Listed, Characteristic and Mixed Radiological Wastes Low-Activity Radioactive Wastes
Environmental Monitoring Plan for Airborne Radioactivity from Fugitive and Diffuse Sources, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (PDF)(15 pp, 1 MB, September 1992) airborne radiation, environmental monitoring, ORNL This document was prepared to outline DOE's plan to use a network of ambient air monitors to confirm that radionuclide emissions from fugitive and diffuse sources, as an aggregate, do not produce off-site atmospheric radionuclide concentrations that significantly contribute to reported radiation doses to the public.   Subpart H: Resources Subpart H: National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities
Methods for Estimating Fugitive Air Emissions of Radionuclides from Diffuse Sources at DOE Facilities (PDF)(147 pp, 2 MB, September 2004) air pollution, fugitive air emissions EPA has worked with the DOE to develop this report to facilitate improved estimation of diffuse source emissions.   Subpart H: Resources Subpart H: National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities
Radionuclide NESHAPs: Subpart H Inspection Manual (PDF)(101 pp, 947 K, August 2002) Regulatory, standard, permit, applications The purpose of this manual is to assist an inspector with the inspection of a DOE facility as part of determining compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency’s radionuclide NESHAPs standard.   Subpart H: Resources Subpart H: National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities
Subpart A Inspection Report in Response to the February 14, 2014 WIPP Incident (PDF)(26 pp, 850 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification EPA’s April 2014 inspection focused on some of the actions taken by DOE and its prime WIPP contractor, Nuclear Waste Partnership (NWP), in response to the accidental release. EPA inspectors examined the WIPP’s air emission monitoring devices and methods used to estimate radiation doses to the public. In addition, EPA inspected radiation sampling locations and equipment, observed sample processing and reviewed the consequence assessment dose estimates.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Workbook: Applying to EPA for Approval of Other Uses of Phosphogypsum: Preparing and Submitting a Complete Petition Under 40 CFR 61.206 (PDF) (34 pp, 1 MB) phosphogypsum, alternative use petition, Subpart R, "40 CFR 61.206" The purpose of this document is to provide information on how to prepare a complete petition to the U.S. EPA for the distribution and use of phosphogypsum for “other purposes” that is consistent with the requirements of the Subpart R rule for radon emissions from phosphogypsum stacks.   Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Background Information Document: ADDENDUM - Risk Assessment for Research and Development Uses of Phosphogypsum (PDF)(20 pp, 999 K, November 1998, 402-R-98-009) risk assessment, phosphogypsum, research, development, neshap, 40 cfr part 61 This risk assessment of phosphogypsum used in laboratory research and development (R&D) activities has been prepared to support the Administrator's decision to conduct a partial reconsideration rulemaking of the NESHAP for phosphogypsum (40 CFR Part 61, Subpart R). 402-R-98-009 Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Relative Biological Effectiveness of Low-Energy Electrons and Photons (PDF) (25 pp, 714 K, October 20, 2013) RBE, low-energy photons, low-energy electrons, risk estimates This letter report addresses the potential application of an energy-dependent RBE for low-LET radiations in the calculation of cancer risk coefficients.  

Relative Biological Effectiveness of Low-Energy Electrons and Photons

Tools for Calculating Radiation Dose and Risk
Potential Uses of Phosphogypsum and Associated Risks: Background Information Document (PDF)(124 pp, 5 MB, May 1992, 402-R-92-002) national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants, neshaps This background information document provides information relative to the management, disposal and potential uses of phosphogypsum. 402-R-92-002 Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Some Guidance on Applying for Approval for Other Uses of Phosphogypsum (PDF)(5 pp, 55 K) phosphogypsum, radium, radon, Subpart R This document provides “some guidance” in recognition that we will continue to add more guidance in response to your questions about how to apply for approval of other uses for phosphogypsum.   Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Background Information Document: Statistical Procedures for Certifying Phosphogypsum for Entry into Commerce As Required by Section 61.207 of 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart R (PDF)(17 pp, 135 K, November 1998, 402-R-98-008) phosphogypsum, subpart r, statistical procedures, entry, commerce This document describes the methods that must be used for certifying phosphogypsum for entry into commerce under Sections 61.204 or 61.206, as required by Section 61.207 of 40 CFR part 61, subpart R–National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks. 402-R-98-008 Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Comments and Response to Comments, NESHAPs: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions from Phosphogypsum Stacks (PDF)(26 pp, 1 MB, November 1998, 402-R-98-007) comments, response, emission, national, standards, radon, radiation, emissions, phosphogypsum A total of 107 general and specific comments were received by the docket following EPA's notice of proposed rulemaking on May 8, 1996. 402-R-98-007 Subpart R: Resources Subpart R: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks
Appointments with incomplete date information (PDF)(29 pp, 57 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; This document listed appointments related to Subpart W rulemaking activity that do not have complete date information available.   Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (December 3, 2009) (PDF)(4 pp, 26 K, December 3, 2009) quarterly, subpart w, attendance Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on December 3, 2009 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2009 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2009) (PDF)(2 pp, 59 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2009 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2009) (PDF)(299 pp, 43 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2009 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 6, 2010) (PDF)(3 pp, 19 K, April 6. 2010) neshaps, subpart w Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 6, 2010 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 5, 2010) (PDF)(2 pp, 12 K, January 5, 2010) Subpart W, NESHAPS, Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 5, 2010 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 6, 2010) (PDF)(4 pp, 29 K, July 6, 2010) Uranium, Subpart W, Mill Tailings Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 6, 2010 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (October 5, 2010) (PDF)(2 pp, 28 K, October 5, 2010) Subpart W, Uranium, workgroup Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 5, 2010 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2010) (PDF)(34 pp, 279 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2010) (PDF)(862 pp, 28 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2010) (PDF)(668 pp, 23 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2010 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 7, 2011) (PDF)(7 pp, 30 K, April 7, 2011) NESHAPs, Subpart W, rulemaking Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 7, 2011 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 5, 2011) (PDF)(3 pp, 50 K, January 5, 2011) Subpart W, NESHAPs, Radiation Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 5, 2011 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 7, 2011) (PDF)(4 pp, 16 K, July 7, 2011) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Uranium Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 7, 2011 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (October 6, 2011) (PDF)(4 pp, 15 K, October 6, 2011) NESHAPS, radiation, rulemaking activity Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 6, 2011 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2011) (PDF)(435 pp, 28 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2011) (PDF)(532 pp, 43 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2011) (PDF)(123 pp, 6 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2011) (PDF)(351 pp, 7 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2011 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 5, 2012) (PDF)(5 pp, 75 K, April 5, 2012) Subpart W, uranium, NESHAPS Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 5, 2012 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 5, 2012) (PDF)(5 pp, 21 K, January 5, 2012) neshaps, minutes, radionuclides, subpart w Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 5, 2012 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 5, 2012) (PDF)(2 pp, 74 K, July 5, 2012) NESHAPS, rulemaking, subpart w, uranium mill Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 5, 2012 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (October 4, 2012) (PDF)(2 pp, 23 K, October 4, 2012) NESHAPS, radiation, rulemaking activity Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 4, 2012 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2012) (PDF)(295 pp, 5 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2012.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2012) (PDF)(803 pp, 28 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2012.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2012) (PDF)(918 pp, 23 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2012.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2012) (PDF)(74 pp, 259 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2012.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2012 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 3, 2013) (PDF)(4 pp, 91 K, April 3, 2013) NESHAPS, rulemaking, Subpart W, Part 192, 40 CFR Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 3, 2013 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 3, 2013) (PDF)(3 pp, 22 K, January 3, 2013) NESHAPs, rulemaking, 40 CFR 190, radiation Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 3, 2013 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 11, 2013) (PDF)(1 pg, 12 K, July 11, 2013) NESHAPS, radiation, mill tailings, Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 11, 2013 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (October 17, 2013) (PDF)(2 pp, 11 K, October 17, 2013) Uranium, NESHAPs, rulemaking Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 17, 2013 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2013) (PDF)(2 pp, 67 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2013.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2013) (PDF)(156 pp, 9 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2013.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2013 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 3, 2014) (PDF)(2 pp, 13 K, April 3, 2014) uranium, tenorm, 40 CFR Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 3, 2014 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 2, 2014) (PDF)(2 pp, 12 K, January 2, 2014) uranium, neshaps, mill tailings Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 2, 2014 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 3, 2014) (PDF)(2 pp, 12 K, July 3, 2014) Subpart W, Uranium, workgroup Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 3, 2014 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (October 2, 2014) (PDF)(3 pp, 17 K, October 2, 2014) Uranium, Subpart W, Mill Tailings Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 2, 2014 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2014) (PDF)(3533 pp, 38 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2014.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2014) (PDF)(5 pp, 89 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2014.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2014 - part 1) (PDF)(416 pp, 33 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2014 (part 1).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2014 - part 2) (PDF)(352 pp, 50 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2014 (part 2).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2014 - part 3) (PDF)(171 pp, 1 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2014 (part 3).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July to September 2014 - part 4) (PDF)(166 pp, 6 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2014 (part 4).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2014 - part 1) (PDF)(204 pp, 3 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2014 (part 1).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2014 - part 2) (PDF)(539 pp, 2 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2014 (part 2).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October to December 2014 - part 3) (PDF)(84 pp, 793 K) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2014 (part 3).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2014 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 2, 2015) (PDF)(1 pg, 8 K, April 2, 2015) NESHAPS, rulemaking, Subpart W, Part 192, 40 CFR Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 2, 2015 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 8, 2015) (PDF)(2 pp, 13 K, January 8, 2015) Uranium, Subpart W, Mill Tailings Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 8, 2015 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (July 2, 2015) (PDF)(2 pp, 16 K, July 2, 2015) NESHAPS, rulemaking, subpart w, uranium mill Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on July 2, 2015 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (April to June 2015) (PDF)(72 pp, 4 MB)   Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for April - June 2015.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2015 - part 1) (PDF)(182 pp, 2 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2015 (part 1).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2015 - part 3) (PDF)(36 pp, 2 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2015 (part 3).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2015 - part 2) (PDF)(172 pp, 8 MB) Subpart W, tailings, impoundments, evaporations ponds, heap leach piles Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2015 (part 2).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
(Attachment 1) Pinon Ridge Mill: Operating Plan Tailings Cells and Evaporation Ponds (PDF)(41 pp, 14 MB) subpart w, neshaps, uranium tailings Operating Plan (Attachment A) for the Pinon Ridge Mill Application for approval of construction   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
(Attachment 4) Tailings Cell Design Report: Pinon Ridge Project, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF)(382 pp, 41 MB) Subpart W, NESHAPs, Radon This report was written to provide geotechnical design for construction of the tailings cells, evaporation ponds and ore pads at the Pinon Ridge Project.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Application for Approval of Construction: Pinon Ridge Tailings Facilities (PDF)(8 pp, 2 MB) Subpart W, NESHAPs, Uranium Energy Fuels Resources Corporation (Energy Fuels) submitted this construction application to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in compliance with 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W for constructing and operating the first of three uranium/vanadium tailings disposal cells (Tailings Cell A), each encompassing approximately 30.5 acres.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cover Letter: Energy Fuels Resources Corporation (PDF)(2 pp, 77 K) subpart w, neshaps, radon This letter is regarding construction, operating, and emission information for the evaporation ponds, Pinon Ridge Mill, Montrose, Colorado.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Evaporation Pond Design Report: Pinon Ridge Project, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF)(183 pp, 14 MB) subpart w, neshaps, uranium This document provides information about the pond design of a new uranium mill located in Montrose County, Colorado.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Evaporation Pond Radon Flux Analysis: Pinon Ridge Project, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF)(20 pp, 494 K) subpart w, neshaps, radon This document provides an evaporation pond radon flux analysis of a new uranium mill located in Montrose County, Colorado.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Raffinate Characterization: Pinon Ridge Mill, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF)(53 pp, 990 K) subpart w, neshaps, radon Characterization of fluids from the production process for the Pinon Ridge Mill Application for Approval of Construction of Tailings Facility   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Flux Calculations: Pinon Ridge Project, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF)(34 pp, 4 MB) neshaps, subpart w, radon This report evaluates the operations of the uranium mill tailings storage facility at the Pinon Ridge Mill in terms of the 20 pCi/m²s radon (Rn-222) flux standard that applies to uranium tailings facilities constructed prior to 1989. Although this flux standard does not apply to new facilities such as the Pinon Ridge Mill, it did play an inherent role in establishing the tailings disposal practices and maximum areas specified for new facilities under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations found in 40 CFR 61 Subpart W, “National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings” (EPA, 1998).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Amended Hearing Request and Request for Records related to the 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W Rulemaking (PDF)(1 pg, 44 K) Subpart W, proposed rulemaking, comment period extension request This is an email request from Sarah Fields of Uranium Watch to extend the comment period of the 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W Rulemaking   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Background Information Document: Final Rule for Radon-222 Emissions from Licensed Uranium Mill Tailings (PDF)(224 pp, 7 MB, 520-1-86-009) uranium mills, background This is the background information used to make the determination on the Subpart W rule. 520-1-86-009 Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Civil Complaint: Failure to review/revise Subpart W in a timely fashion (PDF)(12 pp, 121 K) Rocky , plaintiffs, defendant This is the official complaint submitted in August 2008.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Class Determination 1-95 - Confidentiality of Certain Business Information Submitted by Contractors and Prospective Contractors (PDF)(9 pp, 93 K) class determination, confidential business information This document describes the process EPA uses to determine if information is confidential business information, for purposes of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Comments on 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W from Kennecott Uranium Company (PDF)(842 pp, 91 MB) uranium, NESHAPS, recovery, subpart w Kennecott Uranium Company's comments on the review of 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Comments received from Colorado Citizens Against ToxicWaste, Inc. regarding revisions to 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W (PDF)(58 pp, 3 MB) Uranium, NESHAPs, mill tailings This letter from Colorado Citizens Against ToxicWaste, Inc. (CCAT) raises concerns from a public meeting held in Canon City, CO, June 30, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Draft for Public Comment: ATSDR Public Health Assessment for Lincoln Park/Cotter Uranium Mill (PDF)(212 pp, 6 MB) Subpart W, NESHAPS, rulemaking, uranium The report presents conclusions about the public health threat posed by the Lincoln Park/Cotter Uranium Mill Superfund site.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Environmental Impact Statement: Economic Assessment, NESHAPS for Radionuclides (Background Information Document, Volume 3) (PDF)(575 pp, 13 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Impact Statement, Background Information Document, Economic Assessment This is the environmental impact statement (economic statement) for the 1989 NESHAP rulemaking   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Environmental Impact Statement: Risk Assessment Methodology, NESHAPS for Radionuclides (Background Information Document, Volume 1) (PDF)(278 pp, 13 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, EIS, Methodology, Risk assessments This is the environmental impact statement (risk assessment methodology) for the 1989 NESHAP rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Environmental Impact Statement: Risk Assessments Appendixes, NESHAPS for Radionuclides (Background Information Document, Volume 2) (PDF)(378 pp, 29 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, EIS, Risk Assessments Methodology This is the environmental impact statement (risk assessment appendixes) for the 1989 NESHAP rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA/SC&A Contract EP-D-05-002 (PDF)(103 pp, 6 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Radionuclides This document is the contract (EP-D-05-002) between EPA's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air and S. Cohen and Associates. Note that this contract expired on March 26, 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA Review of Standards for Uranium and Thorium Milling Facilities @ 40 CFR Parts 61 and 192: Comments submitted by Steven H Brown, CHP of SENES Consultants Limited (PDF)(12 pp, 2 MB) Uranium, NESHAPS, tailings Comments received by Steven H. Brown of SENES Consultants Limited regarding EPA Review of Standards for Uranium and Thorium Milling Facilities @ 40 CFR Parts 61 and 192.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA/SC&A Contract EP-D-10-042 (PDF)(133 pp, 12 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Radionuclides This document is the contract between EPA's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (ORIA) and S. Cohen and Associates. Note that this contract expired on March 26, 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Fact Sheet: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Revisions to National Emission Standards for Operating Uranium Mill Tailings (PDF)(2 pp, 54 K, 402-F-13-052) uranium mill tailings, subpart w This fact sheet describes the process of revising 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W and provides information about proposed revisions. 402-F-13-052 Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Final Report: History and Basis of NESHAPs and Subpart W (PDF)(14 pp, 114 K) NESHAPS, Subpart W, rulemaking process This document describes the history of the NESHAP rulemaking process.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Final Report: Report of the Review of Method 115 to Monitor Radon Emissions From Uranium Tailings (Task 6) (PDF)(10 pp, 141 K) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Method 115, compliance This document is a review of the current method for radon sampling and analysis to determine if it is current.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Final Report: Review of Existing and Proposed Tailings Impoundment Technologies (PDF)(21 pp, 197 K) NESHAPS, Subpart W, tailing impoundment technologies This document is a review of the history of tailings impoundments, along with current design methods   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Final Review: Standard Review Plan for In Situ Leach Uranium Extraction License Applications (PDF)(255 pp, 2 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, NRC, uranium recovery This NRC document provides guidance to NRC staff on reviewing applications to develop and operate uranium recovery facilities   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Letter from Jennifer Thurston requesting hearings in the Subpart W rulemaking (PDF)(1 pg, 62 K) subpart w, hearings This letter was sent on behalf of thirteen organizations, requesting hearings in the Subpart W rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Notice of Intent to Sue for Failure to Review National Emissions Standards for Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings, 40 CFR, Part 61, Subpart W from Energy Minerals Law Center (PDF)(3 pp, 49 K) Mill Tailings, Standards, Review Notice of intent to sue on behalf of Rocky Mountain Clean Air Action and Colorado Citizens Against Toxic Waste.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Public Hearing Request for Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking (PDF)(1 pg, 201 K) Subpart W, proposed rulemaking, comment period extension request This letter from the National Tribal Air Association (NTAA) requests an extension of the public comment period for 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Public Hearing Request for Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking from Several Organizations (PDF)(5 pp, 84 K) hearing request, subpart w This letter from several environmental organizations and other groups requests public hearings during the comment period for 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP): Technical and Regulatory Support to Develop a Rulemaking to Modify the NESHAP Subpart W Standard for Radon Emissions from Operating Uranium Mills (40 CFR 61.25) (PDF)(22 pp, 1 MB) Subpart W, Uranium, Radon, Regulatory This document describes the quality assurance procedures performed by SC&A on reports submitted to EPA.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Radon Flux Measurements on Gardiner and Royster Phosphogypsum Piles Near Tampa and Mulberry, Florida (PDF)(59 pp, 8 MB, 520-5-85-029) phosphogypsum, radon, radon emissions, phosphate, This report presents the results of field tests in Florida, provides recommendations for long-term monitoring and includes a procedure for making radon flux measurements. 520-5-85-029 Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Recommended Procedures for Measuring Radon Fluxes from Disposal Sites of Residual Radioactive Materials (PDF)(38 pp, 1 MB) rulemaking, neshaps, Subpart w This report recommends instrumentation and methods suitable for measuring radon fluxes emanating from covered disposal sites of residual radioactive materials such as uranium mill tailings. It is a reference for the Review of Method 115.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Public Hearing Request on the proposed rule "Revisions to National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings; Proposed Rule" (PDF)(2 pp, 64 K) Subpart W, proposed rulemaking, hearing request This is memo to the docket requesting a public hearing on the proposed rule “Revisions to National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings.”   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Risk Assessment Methodology: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed NESHAPS for Radionuclides, Volume 1 (Background Information Document) (PDF)(260 pp, 8 MB, February 1989, 520-1-89-005) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Rulemaking, Radionuclides, EIS This document is a draft of the original 1989 environmental impact statement for the 1989 NESHAP rulemaking. 520-1-89-005 Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Risk Assessment Revision for 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart W - Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings (Task 4: Detailed Risk Estimates) (PDF)(80 pp, 2 MB) Detailed Risk Estimates, air pollutants, NESHAPs This document revisits risk methods used for radon emissions from uranium recovery facilities.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Risk Assessment Revision for 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart W – Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings (Task 5 - Radon Emission from Evaporation Ponds) (PDF)(40 pp, 1 MB) Subpart W, NESHAPs, Radon The goal of this document is to develop a model that can be used to conservatively estimate the amount of radon that could be released from the evaporation ponds, to determine whether the ponds are a significant source of radon exposure to nearby individuals.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Risk Assessment Revision for 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart W - Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings (Work Plan, Revision 1) (PDF)(14 pp, 5 MB) NESHAPs, uranium, radon, rulemaking This document describes how S. Cohen & Associates will perform the risk assessment work at operating uranium facilities.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Risk Assessment Revision for 40 CPR Part 61 Subpart W – Radon Emissions from Operating Mill Tailings (Task 3: Risk Assessment Model) (PDF)(45 pp, 257 K) AIRDOS, NESHAPS, FEIS, This document shows the methodology used to determine the model for the revised Subpart W Risk Assessment.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Settlement Agreement between Colorado Citizens Against Toxic Waste and Rocky Mountain Clean Air Action v. Jackson (PDF)(8 pp, 330 K) Radon Emissions, mill tailings, neshaps, uranium This document outlines the terms of the settlement agreement between Colorado Citizens Against Toxic Waste and Rocky Mountain Clean Air Action and Administrator Jackson (EPA)   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Letter: Settlement Agreement in Colorado Citizens Against Toxic Waste and Rocky Mountain Clean Air Action v. Lisa Jackson (PDF)(2 pp, 73 K) Mill tailings, neshaps, uranium, waste Letter from the U.S. Department of Justice to plaintiffs establishing date the settlement agreement became effective.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Technical and Regulatory Support to Develop a Rulemaking to Potentially Modify the NESHAP Subpart W Standard for Radon Emissions from Operating Uranium Mills (40 CFR 61.250) (PDF)(138 pp, 2 MB) Risk Assessment, clean air act, radionuclide The purpose of this report is to present the reader with an understanding of the facilities being regulated under this National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutant (NESHAP). The report also presents the technical bases that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or the Agency) has used for evaluating the risks from existing facilities and for determining that the prescribed work practice standards represent generally available control technology (GACT), as required by section 112(d) of the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Technical Note: Construction of an Environmental Radon Monitoring System using CR-39 Nuclear Track Detectors (PDF)(6 pp, 764 K) Subpart W, NESHAPS, Radiation, Uranium This technical report discusses the construction of a radon cup using solid-state nuclear track detector (SSNTD). The proposed system can be used for large-scale surveys of environmental radon.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Telephone Request for Hearing on Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking (PDF)(1 pg, 33 K) Subpart W, proposed rulemaking, hearing request Jennifer Thurston of INFORM Colorado's telephone request for hearing on 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W Proposed Rulemaking.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
U.S. Energy Information Administration: 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report (PDF)(24 pp, 322 K) energy report, EIA, uranium This U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports detailed data spanning 2003 through 2013 and summary data back to 1993 on U.S. uranium production activities in this report, 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranerz Energy Corporation Presentation: ISR Uranium Production About to Commerce (PDF)(24 pp, 2 MB) presentation, subpart w This presentation was given by Uranerz Energy Corporation (URZ) in November 2013.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Watch Report - Regulatory Confusion: Federal and State Enforcement of 40 CFR. PART 61, Subpart W (PDF)(8 pp, 126 K) mill tailings, radon emissions, subpart W This report was published by Uranium Watch and it discusses regulatory confusion and regulatory failures associated with the administration and enforcement of 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Attachment 1 (a) from Cotter: Figure 1 - Lincoln Park Superfund Site, Canon City, Colorado (PDF)(1 pg, 154 K) uranium, mill tailings, neshaps Site location map of the Lincoln Park Superfund Site in Canon City, Colorado.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Attachment 1 (b) from Cotter: Figure 2 - Cotter Mill & Vicinity (PDF)(1 pg, 380 K) uranium, neshaps, mill tailings Site location map of Cotter Mill and vicinity.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Attachment 1 (c) from Cotter: Figure 3 - Cotter Aerial View (PDF)(1 pg, 372 K) mill tailings, uranium, neshaps Aerial view of Cotter Mill and surrounding areas.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Attachment 1 from Cotter: Colorado Radioactive Materials License (PDF)(5 pp, 2 MB) feet, neshaps, mill tailings, uranium State of Colorado, Department of Public Health and the Environment: Radioactive Materials License   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Attachment 2 - Document Index: Cotter Corporation Response to U.S. EPA February 24, 2009 NESHAPs Request for Information (PDF)(5 pp, 45 K) neshaps, uranium, mill tailings This is the document index provided with Cotter Corporation Response to U.S. EPA February 24, 2009 NESHAPs Request for Information.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cameco Response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) uranium, recovery, neshaps, tailings This is the letter provided by Cameco Resources related to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cogema Mining Inc. Response, Part 1 (October 8, 2008) (PDF)(23 pp, 8 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Cogema, uranium recovery This is Cogema Mining Inc.'s response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cogema Mining Inc. Response, Part 2 (November 14, 2008) (PDF)(17 pp, 6 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, Cogema Part 2, uranium recovery facilities This is Cogema Mining Inc.'s second response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cotter Corporation's Response to Request to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(2 pp, 47 K) emissions, radon, mill tailings, neshaps This is the letter provided by Cotter Corporation related to EPA's Request to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cotter Corporation's Response to United States Environmental Protection Agency's February 24, 2009 Information Request (PDF)(29 pp, 131 K) emission, flux, uranium, mill tailings In this response to EPA, Cotter provides EPA with the following discussion: (1) the “Preamble” or a historical and legal discussion of the development of EPA’s 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart W radon flux emission limit and work practice standards; and (2) the responses to EPA’s specific questions.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Cover Letter: Cotter Corporation Response to U.S. EPA February 24, 2009 NESHAPs Request for Information (PDF)(1 pg, 28 K) uranium, mill tailings, neshaps, This is the cover letter provided with Cotter Corporation Response to U.S. EPA February 24, 2009 NESHAPs Request for Information.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Denison Mines Response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(26 pp, 1 MB) uranium mill, neshaps, tailings, mines This is the letter provided by Denison Mines Corporation related to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Energy Solutions Response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (March 2009) (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) subpart w, request to provide information This is the letter provided by Energy Solutions related to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Alta Mesa (Mestena Energy) to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) Uranium, Mestena, radon This is the letter from EPA to Alta Mesa (Mestena Energy) requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Cameco Resources to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) uranium, flux, radon, test This is the letter from EPA to Cameco Resources requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Cogema Mining, Inc. to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) radon, flux, testing This is the letter from EPA to Cogema Mining, Inc. requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Cotter Corporation to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) neshap, mill tailings, uranium, cotter This is the letter from EPA to Cotter Corporation requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Crow Butte Resources, Inc. to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 3 MB) uranium, flux, radon This is the letter from EPA to Crow Butte Resources, Inc. requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Highland Uranium and Smith Ranch Mines to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 2 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, uranium recovery facilities This is the letter from EPA to Highland Uranium and Smith Ranch Mines requesting them to test and provide information pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA request to Utah White Mesa (Denison Mines) to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(10 pp, 2 MB) NESHAPS, Subpart W, uranium recovery facilities This is from EPA to Utah White Mesa (Denison Mines) Requesting them to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings
EPA request to Utah White Mesa (Denison Mines) to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(12 pp, 3 MB) radon, flux, uranium This is from EPA to Utah White Mesa (Denison Mines) Requesting them to Test and Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings
Mestena Uranium LLC's Response to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act (PDF)(1 pg, 255 K) flux, solar, radon This is the letter provided by Mestena Uranium, LLC related to EPA's Request to Provide Information Pursuant to the Clean Air Act.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Enforcement Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings
Presentation: EPA's NESHAP Subpart W Activities (PDF)(20 pp, 241 K, June 2009) neshaps, mill tailings, uranium, This Subpart W presentation was given in June 2009 in Canon City, Colorado.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 1 (April 2008) (PDF)(91 pp, 840 K, April 2008) uranium, subpart w, mill tailings This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, April 29-30, 2008.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 1 (July 2009) (PDF)(72 pp, 4 MB, July 2009) neshaps, uranium recovery, subpart w This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, July 1, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 2 (April 2008) (PDF)(121 pp, 2 MB, April 2008) uranium, mill tailings, subpart w This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, April 29-30, 2008.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 2 (July 2009) (PDF)(76 pp, 2 MB, July 2009) uranium recovery, neshaps, subpart w This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, July 1, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 3 (July 1-2, 2009) (PDF)(107 pp, 687 K) uranium, neshaps, subpart w This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, July 1-2, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Recovery Workshop - Part 4 (July 2009) (PDF)(17 pp, 3 MB, July 2009) neshaps, recovery, extraction system This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, July 1-2, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA Presentation in Rapid City, South Dakota: EPA'S NESHAP Subpart W Activities (PDF)(22 pp, 131 K, October 2009) uranium, mill tailings, neshaps This presentation was given by EPA in October 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings
EPA Update: NESHAP Subpart W Activities: National Mining Association Meeting (PDF)(11 pp, 90 K, October 2009) neshap, subpart w, uranium, mill tailings This presentation was given at the National Mining Association Meeting on October 29, 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA Update: NESHAP Uranium Activities: NMA/NRC Uranium Recovery Workshop (July 2009) (PDF)(17 pp, 183 K, July 2009) uranium, recovery, mill tailings This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in Denver, Colorado, July 2, 2009.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA Uranium Program Update: NMA/NRC Uranium Recovery Workshop (PDF)(15 pp, 354 K, April 2008) uranium, recovery, neshaps, mill tailings This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop on April 30, 2008.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA’S NESHAP Subpart W Activities: An Internet Webinar (PDF)(26 pp, 234 K, June 2010)   This national webinar was presented by EPA in June 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
EPA’S NESHAP Subpart W Activities: Uranium Recovery Workshop (PDF)(16 pp, 218 K, May 27, 2010) Subpart W, uranium, NESHAPS This presentation was given at the NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop on May 27, 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
National Mining Association: Experimental Determination of Radon Fluxes over Water (PDF)(22 pp, 633 K, May 2012) Radium-226, radon-222, evaporation, picocuries, stagnant film models (SFM) This presentation was given at the National Mining Association Meeting in May 2012.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Radon Emissions from Tailings and Evaporation Ponds: Uranium Recovery Licensing Workshop (PDF)(24 pp, 3 MB, January 11-12 2011) neshaps, Subpart W, uranium, milling This presentation was given at NRC's Uranium Recovery Licensing Workshop in Denver on January 11-12, 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Sheep Mountain Uranium Project (PDF)(82 pp, 13 MB, April 2011) Uranium, neshaps, radiation Presentation made at US EPA Project Meeting held on April 7, 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
U.S. EPA NESHAP Subpart W Revisions Update: NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop (PDF)(12 pp, 302 K, May 2011) NESHAP, Uranium, NMA This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop on May 26, 2011.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Uranium Contamination Stakeholders Workshop: EPA’S Clean Air Act Requirements: Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Emissions Rulemaking (PDF)(14 pp, 362 K, September 2010) NESHAPS, Subpart W, uranium This presentation was given at the Uranium Contamination Stakeholders Workshop in Tuba City, Arizona in September 2010.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Meetings and Presentations Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Summary of EPA's Response and Findings Related to the February 2014 Radioactive Release at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(17 pp, 227 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification In order to capture all of EPA’s findings based on our activities between April and July 2014, EPA’s report considers how DOE can better ensure compliance with EPA standards.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
A Technical Guide to Ground-Water Model Selection at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Substances (PDF)(146 pp, 2 MB, June 1994, 402-R-94-012) radioactive, contaminated, restoration This report addresses the selection of ground-water flow and contaminant transport models and is intended to be used by hydrogeologists and geoscientists responsible for identifying and selecting ground-water flow and contaminant transport models for use at sites containing radioactive materials. 402-R-94-012 Fact Sheet: A Technical Guide to Ground-Water Model Selection at Site Contaminated with Radioactive Substances Ground Water and Drinking Water
Technology Reference Guide for Radioactively Contaminated Media (PDF)(239 pp, 1 MB, October 2007, 402-R-07-004) Radioactively, waste, contaminated sites, radioactively contaminated media, NPL, NPL sites This Technology Guide is meant to be a summary of information available for technologies demonstrated to be effective for treatment of radioactively contaminated media.   Superfund Summary of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund)
Technology Reference Guide for Radiologically Contaminated Surfaces (PDF)(150 pp, 2 MB, March 2006, 402-R-06-003) radiation contamination, decontamination, This guide is designed to help interested parties identify technologies that are potentially useful in removing radiological contaminants from surfaces as part of a site remediation. The Guide is a snapshot in time and may be updated in the future. 402-R-06-003 Superfund Summary of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund)
Technology Screening Guide for Radioactively Contaminated Sites (PDF)(203 pp, 565 K, November 1996, 402-R-96-017) Radiation Technology, radiation contamination, cleanup produced this Technology Screening Guide for Radioactively Contaminated Sites (Guide) to help identify and screen technologies that may effectively treat radioactively contaminated sites. This guide is designed to give easy access to critical information on applied technologies that address radioactive contamination in solid and liquid media. 402-R-96-017 Superfund Summary of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund)
Draft Technical Report: Considerations Related to Post-Closure Monitoring Of Uranium In-Situ Leach/In-Situ Recovery (ISL/ISR) Sites (PDF)(127 pp, 2 MB) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 This draft Technical Report is intended to support the SAB's technical consideration of issues associated with establishing the groundwater baseline for new facilities, demonstrating that the restored groundwater has reached steady state, and post-restoration stability monitoring to ensure that the groundwater quality is not deteriorating over time after restoration.   TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Draft Technical Report: Ground Water Modeling Studies at In Situ Leaching Facilities and Evaluation of Doses and Risks to Offsite Receptors from Contaminated Ground Water: Revision 2 (PDF)(185 pp, 2 MB, 402-R-14-002) ground water, in-situ leaching, doses, risk, 40 CFR 192 This report presents the results of ground water modeling studies on possible releases from hypothetical ISL faculties based on a range of release scenarios. The studies were designed to demonstrate whether or under what conditions leakage of various types from an ISL site to a down-gradient receptor well can result in hazardous situations. 402-R-14-002 TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Radiation Health and Safety Practices for Community Water Systems (PDF)(2 pp, 685 K, 402-F-08-003) water systems, radiation, disposal Brochure addressing how to minimizing worker exposure to radon and radiation at community water systems (CWSs) 402-F-08-003 TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
References Cited in Draft Technical Report: Considerations Related to Post-Closure Monitoring Of Uranium In-Situ Leach/In-Situ Recovery (ISL/ISR) Sites (PDF)(10 pp, 81 K) References, post-closure, In-Situ, Leach, Recovery Reference list from the Draft Technical Report: Considerations Related to Post-Closure Monitoring of Uranium In-Situ Leach/In-Situ Recovery (ISL/ISR) Sites. Technical references are linked to the original source document or to the publisher when possible.   TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials From Uranium Mining - Volume 1: Mining and Reclamation Background (PDF)(225 pp, 3 MB, 402-R-08-005a) Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials, NORM, TENORM, uranium, mines, mining, radium, radon, in situ leaching, ISL, heap leaching, abandoned mines, abandoned mine lands, AML, uranium mills, uranium ore, overburden, waste rock, protore, reclamation, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act, UMTRCA, Atomic Energy Act, AEA, Environmental Protection Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Department of Energy, Navajo AML, Navajo EPA, open-pit mine, underground mine, pit lake, radiation, radionuclide, United States, environmental protection, ground water, groundwater, surface water, geographic information system, GIS This report, the first of two volumes, examines uranium in the United States: its occurrence in natural settings, industrial uses, extraction methods employed over the last century, solid and liquid wastes from various extraction methods and reclamation and remediation methods to restore the extraction site's environment. 402-R-08-005a TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Technical Report on Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials from Uranium Mining - Volume 2: Investigation of Potential Health, Geographic, And Environmental Issues of Abandoned Uranium Mines (PDF)(131 pp, 3 MB, 402-R-08-005) uranium, radon-222, radon, abandoned uranium mines This is the second of two reports on uranium mining TENORM. This report investigates the potential radiogenic cancer risks from abandoned uranium mines and evaluates which may pose the greatest hazards to members of the public and to the environment. The intent of this report is to identify who may be most likely to be exposed to wastes at small abandoned uranium mines, and where the greatest risks may lie. 402-R-08-005 TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Southwestern Copper Belt of Arizona (PDF)(124 pp, 8 MB, 402-R-99-002) TENORM, copper, natural radiation, naturally occurring radiation, mining, uranium, radium The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been working over the past several years to better understand the nature and extent of TENORM that may become concentrated at copper mining sites. This document presents the information that EPA has compiled on this issue to date. 402-R-99-002 TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Three Multimedia Models Used at Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Sites (PDF)(91 pp, 6 MB, January 1996, 540-R-96-004) modes, hazardous waste, radioactive This report provides an approach for evaluating and critically reviewing the capabilities of three specific multimedia models: MEPAS Version 3.0, MMSOlLS Version 2.2, and PRESTO-EPA-CPG Version 2.0.   Superfund Radiation Regulations and Laws
Uncertainties in Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides: An Uncertainty Analysis for Risk Coefficients Reported in Federal Guidance Report No. 13 (PDF)(148 pp, 3 MB, January 2007, ORNL-TM-2006-583) Radionuclides, cancer, drinking water Federal Guidance Report No.13 (FGR 13) provides cancer risk coefficients for various modes of environmental exposure to each of more than 800 radionuclides (EPA 1999), including inhalation of airborne activity and ingestion of activity in food or drinking water.   Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Supporting Materials
Uranium Location Database Compilation (PDF)(26 pp, 478 K, August 2006, 402-R-05-009) Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials, NORM, TENORM, uranium, mines, mining, radium, abandoned uranium mines, abandoned mine lands, database, uranium mills, Environmental Protection Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, radiation, radionuclide, United States, environmental protection, geographic information system, GIS EPA has compiled mine location information from federal, state, and Tribal agencies into a single database as part of its investigation into the potential environmental hazards of wastes from abandoned uranium mines in the western United States. 402-R-05-009 Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) TENORM Resources
U.S. Department of Energy Plan for Addressing the Areas for Improvement Identified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Summary of EPA's Response and Findings Related to the February 2014 Radioactive Release at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(84 pp, 8 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Martin Heinrich This document is a summary of EPA's response and findings related to the February 2014 radioactive release at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
User's Guide for the Comply Code: Revision 2 (PDF)(122 pp, 4 MB, October 1989, 520-1-89-003) Emission Standards, Hazardous air pollutants, comply, neshaps The COMPLY computer program may be used to demonstrate compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) in 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart I. 520-1-89-003 COMPLY Compliance Software for Radioactive Air Emissions
User's Guide for the COMPLY-R Code: Revision 1 (PDF)(64 pp, 11 MB, April 9, 1990, 520-1-89-029) uranium, underground, compliance, mines, subpart b, 40 cfr part 61, neshaps The COMPLY-R computer program may be used to demonstrate compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) in 40 CFR 61, Subpart B. 520-1-89-029 Subpart B: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Underground Uranium Mines Compliance Software for Radioactive Air Emissions
Verification and Validation of WIPP Data Packages (PDF)(10 pp, 397 K) WIPP, air sampling, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, radiation EPA's National Analytical Radiation Environmental Laboratory received six data packages from the Department of Energy's (DOE) WIPP Laboratories on May 13, 2014, and performed verification and validation of the americium and plutonium analysis data, which were contained in five of the packages.   2014 Radiological Event at the WIPP EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 14: Content of Compliance Certification Application (PDF)(86 pp, 740 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The compliance application must include, at a minimum, basic information about the WIPP site and disposal system design, and must also address all the provisions of the compliance criteria. Section 194.14 lists those topics that DOE must discuss in the CCA.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 22: Quality Assurance (PDF)(32 pp, 226 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Quality assurance (QA) is a process for enhancing the reliability of the technical data and analyses underlying DOE'€™s Compliance Certification Application (CCA).   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 23: Models and Computer Code (PDF)(93 pp, 435 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Section 194.23 addresses the compliance criteria requirements for conceptual models and computer codes.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 24: Waste Characterization (PDF)(102 pp, 844 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification DOE must provide waste inventory information for use in performance assessments (PA), including the radionuclide content of waste and the physical and chemical components that may affect disposal system performance.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 25: Future State Assumptions (PDF)(14 pp, 107 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification EPA's purpose in issuing the Compliance Criteria at 40 CFR 194.25 was to minimize the impact of inherently conjectural specifications of future states on the compliance application.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 26: Expert Judgment (PDF)(9 pp, 99 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The requirements of Section 194.26 apply to expert judgment elicitation, which is a process for obtaining data directly from experts in response to a technical problem.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 27: Peer Review (PDF)(11 pp, 113 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The Compliance Criteria require DOE to conduct peer review of certain elements of the WIPP so that others working in the field of radioactive waste disposal can confirm the adequacy of various decisions and interpretations made by DOE in its Compliance Certification Application (CCA) (61 FR 5228).   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 31: Application of Release Limits (PDF)(20 pp, 334 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The containment requirements specify that releases from a disposal system to the accessible environment must not exceed the release limits set forth in Appendix A   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 32: Scope of Performance Assessments (PDF)(46 pp, 389 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The radioactive waste disposal regulations at 40 CFR Part 191 include requirements for containment of radionuclides   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 33: Consideration of Drilling Events in Performance Assessments 33.A. (PDF)(31 pp, 290 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The radioactive waste disposal regulations at 40 CFR Part 191 include requirements for the containment of radionuclides in a disposal system   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 34: Results of Performance Assessments (PDF)(29 pp, 305 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The radioactive waste disposal regulations at 40 CFR Part 191 include requirements for containment of radionuclides. The containment requirements at Section 191.13 specify that releases from a disposal system to the accessible environment must not exceed the release limits set forth in Appendix A, Table 1, of 40 CFR Part 191.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 41: Active Institutional Controls (PDF)(6 pp, 47 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Controlling access to a disposal site by any means other than passive institutional controls   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 42: Monitoring (PDF)(24 pp, 652 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Requirements for monitoring the disposal system during pre- and post-closure   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 43: Passive Institutional Controls (PDF)(47 pp, 406 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Assurance requirements were included in the disposal regulations to compensate in a qualitative manner for the inherent uncertainties in projecting the behavior of natural and engineered components of the WIPP for many thousands of years (50 FR 38072).   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 44: Engineered Barriers (PDF)(36 pp, 361 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Consistent with the containment requirement at Section 191.13, DOE must analyze the performance of the complete disposal system, and any engineered barrier(s) that DOE ultimately implements at the WIPP must be considered in this analysis and EPA’s subsequent evaluation.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 45: Consideration of the Presence of Resources (PDF)(4 pp, 52 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Assurance requirements were included in the disposal regulations to compensate in a qualitative manner for the inherent uncertainties in projecting the behavior of natural and engineered components of the repository for many thousands of years (50 FR 38072). Section 194.45 is one of the assurance requirements in the Compliance Criteria.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 46: Removal of Waste (PDF)(4 pp, 55 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification In reviewing information applicable to Section 194.46, EPA sought a description of DOE’s strategy for removing the waste from the repository after disposal is complete.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 51/52: Consideration of Protected Individual/Exposure Pathways (PDF)(11 pp, 125 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The individual protection requirement focuses on the annual radiation dose of a maximally exposed hypothetical person living on the surface just outside the boundary to the accessible environment.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 53: Consideration of Underground Sources of Drinking Water (PDF)(6 pp, 56 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The individual and ground water protection requirements place limitations on both the potential radiation exposure of individuals and the possible levels of radioactive contamination of ground water due to disposal of waste in the WIPP.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 54: Scope of Compliance Assessments (PDF)(17 pp, 198 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The Compliance Criteria include two general categories of quantitative requirements on the performance of the WIPP that are intended to ensure its safety. The first category consists of the containment requirements at Section 194.34, which implement the general containment requirements of the radioactive waste disposal regulations, Section 191.13. The second category of quantitative requirements consists of the individual and ground water protection requirements, which implement Section 191.15.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Card 55: Results of Compliance Assessments (PDF)(25 pp, 331 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Section 194.55(a) requires assessments intended to demonstrate compliance with 40 CFR 191.15 and Subpart C to examine uncertainties in the performance of the disposal system.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Compliance Application Guidance for 40 CFR Part 194 (PDF)(85 pp, 709 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Compliance Application Guidance (CAG) is a companion to the EPA final rule published on February 9, 1996, 61 Fed. Reg. 5224-5245 (to be codified at 40 CFR part 194). The February 9, 1996 final rule establishes the binding "compliance criteria" that will govern EPA's certification, pursuant to section 8(d) of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Land Withdrawal Act (Pub. L. No. 102-579), of the WIPP facility’s compliance with EPA's final radioactive waste disposal regulations (40 CFR part 191). The CAG is intended solely as guidance.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Compliance Application Review Documents (CARD) Introduction (PDF)(8 pp, 62 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This document is composed of twenty one Compliance Application Review Documents (CARDs). The CARDs contain separate, individual analyses; they have been bound together solely for convenience.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Comment on Certification of Waste Isolation Pilot Project (Carlsbad, NM) (PDF)(72 pp, 303 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Official transcript of public hearing held January 5, 1997 in Carlsbad, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcript from Santa Fe, NM (September 24, 2002) (PDF)(37 pp, 108 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Transcripts of Proceedings from a public hearing held September 24, 2002.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcript from Santa Fe, NM (September 25, 2002) (PDF)(43 pp, 161 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Transcripts of Proceedings from a public hearing held September 25, 2002.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcripts from Albuquerque, NM (January 7, 1998) (PDF)(540 pp, 1 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Official transcript of public hearing held January 7, 1997 in Albuquerque, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcripts from Albuquerque, NM (January 8, 1998) (PDF)(332 pp, 2 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Official transcript of public hearing held January 8, 1997 in Albuquerque, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcripts from Carlsbad, NM (January 6, 1998) (PDF)(81 pp, 126 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Official transcript of public hearing held January 6, 1998 in Carlsbad, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcripts from Santa Fe, NM (January 8, 1998) (PDF)(286 pp, 860 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Official transcript of public hearing held January 8, 1998 in Santa Fe, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Hearing Transcripts from Santa Fe, NM (January 9, 1998) (PDF)(612 pp, 2 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal Official transcript of public hearing held January 9, 1998 in Santa Fe, NM regarding the certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Response to Comments Document for 40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(270 pp, 860 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This document addresses comments received on the proposed regulations by summarizing the concerns expressed by commenters and presenting the Agency’s response to the comments. All comments received during the initial comment period, during the re-opened comment period, and during the time between the two comment periods have been fully considered.   WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Changes in the Recertification Performance Assessment: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 3 (PDF)(2 pp, 304 K, 402-F-06-008) WIPP, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, performance assessment, WIPP recertification This fact sheet discusses the changes to the Performance Assessments that are conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. 402-F-06-008 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Fact Sheet: Proposed Changes to EPA’s Compliance Criteria for the Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(2 pp, 131 K, 402-F-02-015) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification As part of EPA's ongoing regulatory role at the WIPP, we are undertaking activities to improve and update the requirements we use to determine WIPP's safety. This fact sheet provides an overview of the proposed changes and identifies opportunities for public input. 402-F-02-015 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Groundwater at WIPP: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 5 (PDF)(2 pp, 326 K, 402-F-06-010) WIPP groundwater This fact sheet provides information about the effect of groundwater on potential releases from WIPP. 402-F-06-010 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Karst: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 6 (PDF)(1 pg, 237 K, 402-F-06-011) karst, karst at WIPP This fact sheet discusses the evaluation of the potential presence of karst at WIPP. 402-F-06-011 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
WIPP Recertification Decision: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 1 (PDF)(3 pp, 1 MB, 402-F-06-006) WIPP, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, nuclear waste, transuranic, TRU This fact sheet provides an overview of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and the 2006 recertification process. 402-F-06-006 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Public Information and Input on WIPP: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 2 (PDF)(1 pg, 226 K, 402-F-06-007) WIPP, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, nuclear waste, transuranic, TRU, recertification This fact sheet provides general information and lists opportunities for public participation. 402-F-06-007 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
WIPP Transuranic Waste Inventory: 2006 EPA WIPP Fact Sheet No. 4 (PDF)(2 pp, 281 K, 402-F-06-009) TRU, transuranic waste, WIPP recertification, transuranic waste inventory This fact sheet provides an overview of the type, volume, and radioactivity of waste disposed of or potentially disposed of in the WIPP. 402-F-06-009 WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA Recertification Fact Sheet: Performance Assessment (PDF)(2 pp, 102 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification This fact sheet describes the role of Performance Assessments in WIPP compliance.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA WIPP Recertification Fact Sheet: Certification of Waste Generator Sites (PDF)(2 pp, 88 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification This fact sheet describes requirements for inspections and EPA approvals at WIPP.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA WIPP Recertification Fact Sheet: Hydrogeology (PDF)(2 pp, 122 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification, hydrogeology This fact sheet describes hydrogeology in general and how it is used in regard to WIPP.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA WIPP Recertification Fact Sheet: Magnesium Oxide - An Engineered Barrier (PDF)(2 pp, 63 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification This fact sheet discussed Magnesium Oxide and its role at WIPP.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA WIPP Recertification Fact Sheet: Performance Assessment (PDF)(2 pp, 197 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification This fact sheet describes the use of performance assessments in the WIPP recertification decision.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
2009 EPA WIPP Recertification Fact Sheet: WIPP Transuranic Waste Inventory (PDF)(2 pp, 99 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP recertification This fact sheet discusses the transuranic waste inventory at WIPP.   WIPP 2009-2010 Compliance Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Contact-handled (CH) Waste Site Status (PDF)(1 pg, 52 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, contact-handled waste, CH waste Summary of CH approval status by waste characterization site.   Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Inspections EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Remote-handled (RH) Waste Site Status (PDF)(1 pg, 50 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste characterization, which involves obtaining chemical, radiological, and physical data, is a primary component of ensuring compliance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) with regulatory requirements.   Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Inspections EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Analysis of Martin Marietta MagChem 10 WTS-60 MgO (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(28 pp, 2 MB) MgO, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The objective of this report is to address uncertainties concerning the amount of periclase plus lime in Martin Marietta (MM) MgO.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Attachment to correspondence dated 2/11/08 - Final Report: Review of MgO-Related Uncertainties in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(71 pp, 933 K) transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear, disposal, wipp, certification, recertification, mgo, mgo-related uncertainties, waste isolation pilot plant This document reviews the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), an underground transuranic (TRU) waste disposal facility operated by the U.S. DOE   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Attachments to correspondence dated 2/11/08 - Overview Summary of Planned Change Request Decision (PDF)(30 pp, 267 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification These attachments are related to DOE's submitted planned change request to decrease the amount of emplaced magnesium oxide (MgO) from 1.67 to 1.2 times the quantity of emplaced carbon in the disposed waste.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Consumption of Carbon Dioxide by Precipitation of Carbonate Minerals Resulting from Dissolution of Sulfate Minerals in the Salado Formation In Response to Microbial Sulfate Reduction in the WIPP (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(100 pp, 373 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This analysis report describes simulations of the effects of consumption of carbon dioxide (CO2) by the precipitation of carbonate minerals on the excess factor for the magnesium oxide (MgO) being emplaced in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
DOE Letter to EPA on approval of MgO (PDF)(12 pp, 3 MB) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter request EPA approval to emplace 1.2 moles of MgO for every mole of consumable carbon contained in the transuranic waste emplaced in the WIPP.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
DOE Letter to EPA regarding the DOE planned change request to reduce the amount of MgO emplaced in the repository (PDF)(2 pp, 60 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter addresses DOE's submittal of an uncertainty analysis.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
DOE Letter to EPA requesting the withdrawal of Brush et. al - Report from the MgO Uncertainty Analysis (PDF)(4 pp, 305 K, November 21, 2006) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, uncertainty, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter and its enclosures provide an uncertainty analysis that support the U.S. Department of Energy's request for a reduction in the amount of magnesium oxide (MgO) emplaced at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Geochemical Information for Calculation of the MgO (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(36 pp, 226 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This memorandum provides geochemical information required to calculate the effective excess factor for the magnesium oxide (MgO) being emplaced in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Letter from EPA to DOE announcing the completeness of their review of the DOE planned change request (PDF)(2 pp, 130 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter responds to DOE's request to propose a reduction in the MgO safety factor from 1.67 to 1.2 times the amount of emplaced carbon materials.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Letter from EPA to DOE discussing DOE's request for approval to reduce the amount of excess magnesium oxide (MgO) emplaced in the WIPP. (PDF)(2 pp, 146 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification Letter requesting approval to reduce the amount of excess magnesium oxide (MgO) emplaced in the WIPP.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Normalized moles of Castile sulfate entering the repository and fraction of MgO lost due to brine flow out of the repository (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(20 pp, 141 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification, MgO Calculations were performed to address and quantify the amount of sulfate that could enter the repository from the Castile brine and the amount of MgO that could be lost due to dissolution in brine and subsequent movement of that brine out of the repository.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Preliminary Review of the Degradation of Cellulosic, Plastic, and Rubber Materials in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, and Possible Effects on Magnesium Oxide Safety Factor Calculations (PDF)(55 pp, 439 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification As a result of DOE’s request to reduce the WIPP MgO safety factor, EPA developed this preliminary review to identify technical questions and uncertainties associated with a further reduction in the MgO safety factor.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Uncertainties Affecting MgO Effectiveness and Calculation of the MgO Effective Excess Factor, Revision 0 (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(52 pp, 269 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This report documents the uncertainty review and the results of this analysis.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Uncertainty in Cellulose, Plastic, and Rubber Measurements for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Inventory (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(16 pp, 88 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification, MgO The purpose of this memo is to address the EPA’s questions concerning uncertainties in CPR measurements and their impact upon long-term performance and the MgO safety factor.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Updated Analysis of Characteristic Time and Length Scales for Mixing Processes in the WIPP Repository to Reflect the CRA-2004 PABC Technical Baseline and the Impact of Supercompacted Mixed Waste and Heterogeneous Waste Emplacement (11/21/06 Enclosure) (PDF)(12 pp, 83 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This memorandum is designed to address EPA’s request, with respect to the analysis of mixing processes   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
A Review of Real-Time Radiography of Remote-Handled TRU Waste (PDF)(15 pp, 171 K, July 2006) radiography, rh, remote handled, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to review available information relating to the effectiveness of real-time radiography (RTR) for characterization of remote-handled (RH) transuranic waste destined for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in Carlsbad, NM.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
A Study of WIPP Radiological Transuranic Waste Characterization Requirements and Activities (PDF)(37 pp, 422 K, April 2010) waste operations, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant This report contains PECOS' conclusions and recommendations for proposed modifications that could potentially reduce waste characterization program costs and improve the efficiency of waste operations at the WIPP without increasing associated health and safety risks.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
An Analysis of the Monitoring of Rooms and Panels at WIPP (PDF)(21 pp, 196 K, April 2006) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, monitoring, panels This report focuses on current and proposed monitoring plans for active and closed rooms and panels at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The purpose of the report is to determine - from the environmental, safety, and health perspective - whether there are benefits to monitoring inside active panels and inside closed panels.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
An Evaluation of the Approved and Proposed Panel Closure Systems at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(22 pp, 345 K, October 2006) closure, disposal panels, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to review documentation and other information concerning the requirements and associated designs relating to the closure of underground waste disposal panels in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
An Evaluation of the Health and Safety Risks Resulting from Repackaging TRU Waste for Disposal in WIPP (PDF)(22 pp, 261 K, October 2008) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, repackaging The purpose of this report is to review health and safety risks resulting from repackaging transuranic (TRU) waste to be disposed at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and to present the findings of Pecos Management Services, Inc. (PECOS).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
An Evaluation of the Readiness of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for Disposal of Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste (PDF)(14 pp, 303 K, May 2007) remote handled, rh, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to present the findings of PECOS Management Services, Inc. (PECOS) review of the preparations by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Washington TRU Solutions (WTS), the operating contractor, for receipt and disposal of remote-handled (RH) transuranic waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Assessment of an Alternate Approach for Remote Handled Transuranic Waste Disposal (PDF)(13 pp, 280 K, September 2010) RH, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to assess the feasibility of proposed alternate RH TRU mixed waste emplacement concepts that would enhance available WIPP space capacity by either replacing or augmenting horizontal borehole or shielded container disposal methods.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Assessment of WIPP Hydrology & Hydrogeology Programs (PDF)(20 pp, 393 K, August 2010) hydrology, hydrogeology, health and safety, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, repackaging This report addresses the adequacy and effectiveness of hydrology and hydrogeology programs conducted prior to during the operation of the WIPP; it also relates to issues of human health, safety, and environmental protection, and addresses shallow subsurface water (SSW) issues.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Assessment of WIPP Quality Assurance Deficiency Trends (PDF)(16 pp, 824 K, September 2010) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, quality assurance, qa The scope of this report is to address the adequacy and effectiveness of the facility's quality assurance (QA) deficiency trending and reporting program.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Efficient and Effective Disposal of Transuranic Waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(26 pp, 234 K, February 2008) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to provide an analysis of current packaging, transportation, and disposal operations and to determine how effectively and efficiently these operations will emplace the projected TRU waste inventory.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Evaluation of the Quality and Realism of the Performance Assessment (PDF)(75 pp, 1 MB, June 2007) performance assessment, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this report is to review documentation and other information concerning the requirements, assumptions, and inputs for the performance assessment (PA) prepared for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Letter from Pecos Management Services, Inc. (PECOS) to DOE (PDF)(11 pp, 2 MB, September 2009) recertification, report, radioactive dumping Letter to DOE regarding the review of the report, "Proof of Rapid Rainwater Recharge at the WIPP Site."   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Potential Health and Safety Impacts of Removal of Containers from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(20 pp, 331 K, November 2008) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, health and safety This report provides an analysis of potential health and safety (H&S) impacts that could occur as a result of removing TRU waste containers from the WIPP or as a result of allowing non-compliant TRU waste containers (those that do not conform to the Waste Acceptance Criteria) to remain at the WIPP.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Review of the DOE Request for Magnesium Oxide Requirement Reduction (PDF)(22 pp, 288 K, October 2007) TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant The purpose of this review and report is to summarize the technical and operational arguments presented, evaluate their basis and validity, and present an independent opinion as to merits of the DOE request.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Review of the TRUPACT-III Type B Shipping Package (PDF)(21 pp, 338 K, May 2007) TRUPACT-III, shipping, handling, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, remote handled The purpose of this report is provide a review of the testing, safety considerations, and compliance with procedures used for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) certification of the TRUPACT-III shipping package.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Update to the RH/CH Disposal Operations Evaluation (PDF)(24 pp, 225 K, September 2010) ch, rh, TRU, transuranic waste, pecos management, WIPP, waste isolation pilot plant, remote handled In this report PECOS reviewed all current and planned activities associated with WIPP operations pertaining to CH and RH TRU waste handling and disposal.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Letter from EPA to DOE regarding WWIS Approval (PDF)(6 pp, 284 K, January 17, 2007) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This document conveys EPA's approval of the WWIS.   Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Inspections WIPP Current Waste Site Status Summaries
Waste Characterization Report for Tier 1 Change (PDF)(17 pp, 196 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This report serves as EPA’s evaluation of the WWIS for RH TRU wastes at INL-CCP and ANL-CCP as a T1 change. Using the information provided in this report, EPA has determined that the WWIS is adequate for tracking RH TRU waste components.   Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Inspections WIPP Current Waste Site Status Summaries
(Amended) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Report for reporting period April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2014 (PDF)(510 pp, 2 MB) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (BECR) documents United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) compliance with environmental regulations applicable to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), a facility designed and authorized for the safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) radioactive mixed waste.   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
Enclosure from EPA letter to DOE dated 3/26/04: Discussion of Major Issues Associated With EPA (PDF)(11 pp, 757 K, March 26, 2004) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This attachment provides an expanded discussion of the major issues addressed in the correspondence from Frank Marcinowski to Paul Detwiler.   Compressed Waste at WIPP WIPP News
Final Report: Review of Effects of Supercompacted Waste and Heterogeneous Waste Emplacement on WIPP Repository Performance (PDF)(91 pp, 3 MB, March 26, 2004) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This report presents a Trinity Engineering Associates (TEA) review of the proposed U.S. Department of Energy (the Department or DOE) emplacement of supercompacted waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico.   Compressed Waste at WIPP WIPP News
Letter from EPA to DOE sharing the approval of compressed (super-compacted) waste at WIPP. (PDF)(4 pp, 3 MB, March 26, 2004) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This letter shares EPA's findings after a thorough review.   Compressed Waste at WIPP WIPP News
Computer Models Used to Support Cleanup Decision Making at Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Sites (PDF)(111 pp, 4 MB, March 1993, 402-R-92-005) radioactive waste, sites, cleanup, support This report will help bring a uniform approach to solving environmental modeling problems common to site remediation and restoration efforts. 402-R-92-005 Fact Sheet: Computer Models Used to Support Cleanup Decision Making at Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Sites Superfund
Estimating Radiogenic Cancer Risks (PDF)(68 pp, 278 K, June 1994, 402-R-93-076) radiogenic, cancer, low-LET radiation exposures, BEIR III, coefficients This document presents a revised methodology for EPA's estimation of cancer risks due to low-LET radiation exposures developed in light of information that has become available since the publication of BEIR III, especially new information on the Japanese atomic bomb survivors. 402-R-93-076 DCAL Software and Resources Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides
Estimating Radiogenic Cancer Risks Addendum: Uncertainty Analysis (PDF)(47 pp, 285 K, May 1999, 402-R-99-003) cancer risk, uncertainty analysis In this document, a methodology is developed for estimating the uncertainties in the EPA risk projections published in the 1994 report, “Estimating Radiogenic Cancer Risks.” 402-R-99-003 DCAL Software and Resources Federal Guidance Report No. 13: Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides
Environmental Pathway Models-Ground-Water Modeling in Support of Remedial Decision Making at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Material (PDF)(8 pp, 811 K, January 1996, 540-F-94-024) ground water, groundwater, ground-water, contamination models The Joint Interagency Environmental Pathway Modeling Working Group wrote this report to promote appropriate and consistent use of mathematical environmental models in the remediation and restoration of sites contaminated by radioactive substances. 540-F-94-024 Fact Sheet: Environmental Pathway Models-Ground-Water Modeling in Support of Remedial Decision Making at Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Material Ground Water
Federal Guidance Report No. 10: The Radioactivity Concentration Guides (PDF)(167 pp, 6 MB, December 1984, 520-1-84-010) Radiation protection standards, radiation effects, radiation exposure, Radiation Protection Guides This document provides a new calculation of derived limits for the 1960 Radiation Protection Guides reflecting updated models for dosimetry and biological transport. 520-1-84-010 Limiting Values of Radionuclide Intake and Air Concentration and Dose Conversion Factors for Inhalation, Submersion, and Ingestion Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection
Radiation Protection at EPA: Over the Decades (PDF)(1 pg, 104 K) radiation, EPA Companion poster for "The Future of Radiation Protection: 2025"   EPA's Role in Radiation Protection The Future of Radiation Protection: Handbook and Companion Poster
The Future of Radiation Protection: 2025, A Handbook for Improving Radiation Protection (PDF)(81 pp, 1000 K, October 2002) radiation protection, futures The Future of Radiation Protection: 2025 is a report on challenges the radiation protection community will confront over the generation ahead. It is also a handbook with exercises that people in the field of radiation protection can use to develop better responses to those challenges   EPA's Role in Radiation Protection Radiation Protection at EPA: The First 30 Years
Guide for Determining Compliance With the Clean Air Act Standards for Radionuclide Emissions From NRC-Licensed and Non-DOE Federal Facilities: Revision 2 (PDF)(81 pp, 890 K, October 1989, 428) NESHAPS, radionuclides, subpart I, standards This document provides guidance for determining compliance with one of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS)   COMPLY Subpart I: National Emission Standards for Radionuclide Emissions From Federal Facilities Other Than Nuclear Regulatory Commission Licensees and Not Covered by Subpart H
Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy (PDF)(6 pp, 792 K, September 1992) DOE, Department of Energy, radionuclides, subpart h, subpart i, subpart q, subpart t This memorandum of understanding pertains to the Clean Air Act Emission Standards for Radionuclides 40 CFR 61 Including Subparts H, I, Q and T   Subpart I: Resources Subpart I: National Emission Standards for Radionuclide Emissions From Federal Facilities Other Than Nuclear Regulatory Commission Licensees and Not Covered by Subpart H
Potential for Radiation Contamination Associated With Mineral and Resource Extraction Industries (PDF)(19 pp, 152 K, April 15, 2003) radiation, tenorm, norm, mining EPA guidance to its regional personnel which are involved in site visits and inspections. This document provides a listing of the various types of mineral and other sites which might have associated TENORM radioactivity.   TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Report to Congress: Evaluation of EPA’s Guidelines for Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) (PDF)(22 pp, 78 K, June 2000, 402-R-00-01 ) tenorm, naturally occurring radiation EPA sponsored a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) evaluation of existing methods for estimating the risk from TENORM sites and existing guidelines for cleaning them up. EPA sponsored the study at the request of Congress. 402-R-00-01 TENORM Resources Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM)
Understanding Variation in Partition Coefficient, Kd, Values: Volume I (PDF)(212 pp, 3 MB, 402-R-99-004a) kd, partition coefficient, fate and transport Volume I discusses the technical issues associated with the measurement of Kd values and its use in formulating the retardation factor, Rf. The Kd concept and methods for measurement of Kd values are discussed in detail in Volume I. 402-R-99-004a Ground Water and Drinking Water Office of Land and Emergency Management
Understanding Variation in Partition Coefficient, Kd, Values: Volume II (PDF)(341 pp, 2 MB, 402-R-99-004b) kd, distribution coefficient, fate and transport, modeling, partition coefficient Volume II provides a "thumb-nail sketch" of the key geochemical processes affecting the sorption of selected inorganic contaminants, and a summary of Kd values given in the literature for these contaminants under oxidizing conditions. Important aqueous speciation, (co)precipitation/dissolution, and adsorption reactions are discussed for each contaminant. 402-R-99-004b Ground Water and Drinking Water Office of Land and Emergency Management
Understanding Variation in Partition Coefficient, Kd, Values: Volume III (PDF)(188 pp, 858 K, 402-R-04-002c) Partition Coefficient, Geochemistry, Americium, Arsenic, Curium, Iodine, Neptunium, Radium, Technetium, EPA, Wilhelm, ORIA Volume III describes: (1) the conceptualization, measurement, and use of the partition coefficient parameter; and (2) the geochemical aqueous solution and sorbent properties that are most important in controlling adsorption/retardation behavior of selected contaminants. 402-R-04-002c Ground Water and Drinking Water Office of Land and Emergency Management
Fact Sheet: EPA’s Continuing Regulation of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(2 pp, 44 K, May 1998, 402-F-98-005) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification EPA will continue to have an oversight role at the WIPP to ensure that it continues to protect human health and the environment. This fact sheet discusses this role. 402-F-98-005 WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents WIPP Docket A-93-02
Fact Sheet: EPA’s Final Certification Decision for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (PDF)(3 pp, 47 K, May 1998, 402-F-98-002) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The WIPP is the nation's first deep underground facility for disposing of transuranic waste generated from defense activities. DOE is developing the WIPP in southeastern New Mexico, near Carlsbad, approximately 2,100 feet underground in excavated, natural salt formations. This fact sheet provides information about EPA's final certification decision in 1998. 402-F-98-0002 WIPP 1998 Compliance Certification Documents WIPP Docket A-93-02
Regulating the Safety of the WIPP: The Continuing Role of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (PDF)(5 pp, 659 K, May 2002) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification EPA has an ongoing regulatory role at WIPP to verify independently that it continues to protect public health and the environment. EPA ensures that DOE maintains and operates the facility in a safe manner and that the facility continues to comply with our radioactive waste disposal standards.   WIPP 2004-2006 Recertification Documents EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
DOE Fact Sheet - WIPP Technical Fact Sheet: Planned Change Request for Magnesium Oxide (PDF)(2 pp, 348 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification This fact sheet summarizes the planned change request for magnesium oxide.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
EPA Fact Sheet - WIPP: Planned Change Request for Magnesium Oxide (MgO) (PDF)(1 pg, 119 K) Waste Isolation Pilot Plan, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP, certification, recertification, fact sheet This fact sheet provides an overview of the planned change request related to MgO.   WIPP News EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Final Rule: Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Wastes (PDF)(21 pp, 7 MB, December 20, 1993) 40 CFR 191 This is the final version of 40 CFR Part 191, as published in the December 20, 1993 Federal Register.   Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes (40 CFR Part 191) Radiation Regulations and Laws
40 CFR Part 61, Subpart T: Federal Register Notice 1994 (PDF)(34 pp, 4 MB, July 15, 1994) neshaps This is the July 15, 1994 Federal Register notice regarding 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart T.   Subpart T: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From the Disposal of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Regulations and Laws
Radiation Protection Guidance to Federal Agencies for Occupational Exposure; Approval of Environmental Protection Agency Recommendations (PDF)(14 pp, 2 MB, January 27, 1987) federal guidance, policy recommendations, occupational exposure This guidance provides general principles and specifies the numerical primary guides for limiting worker exposure. It applies to all workers who are exposed to radiation in the course of their work, either as employees of institutions and companies subject to Federal regulation or as Federal employees.   Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection EPA's Role in Radiation Protection
Presentation to the National Tribal Air Association: U.S. EPA Regulations Review Update: Subpart W NESHAPS (40 CFR 61) (PDF)(10 pp, 90 K, June 26, 2014) NESHAPS, uranium, subpart W This presentation was given at the National Tribal Air Association in June 2014.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity

Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings

U.S. EPA Regulations Review Update: Subpart W NESHAPS (40 CFR 61), Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) (PDF)(14 pp, 97 K, June 18-19, 2014) NESHAPS, uranium, 40 CFR 192, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, National Mining Association This presentation was given at the NRC/NMA Uranium Recovery Workshop in June 2014.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (July - September 2015) (PDF)(105 pp, 1 MB) Subpart W; tailings; impoundments; evaporations ponds; heap leach piles; Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for July - September 2015.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2009 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
October 17 2000 Errata (PDF)(1 pg, 135 K, October 2000) subpart W, NESHAPS, 40 CFR 60, radiation

This document clarifies some test method and procedures language.

  Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart T Rescission (PDF) (24 pp, 4 MB, July 1994) NESHAPS, 40 CFR 61, radiation, uranium, tailings This document describes how EPA's uranium tailings disposal standards apply to the Department of Energy.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
40 CFR Part 61 General Requirements Errata (PDF)(2 pp, 325 K, March 1994) NESHAPS, radiation This rule replaces some language from the original general operating and permitting requirements.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
40 CFR Part 192 Errata (PDF)(1 pg, 139 K, November 1993) uranium, thorium, mill tailings, NESHAPS This rule replaces some language in the Standards for uranium and thorium mill tailings.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
December 15 1989 Final Rule (PDF)(63 pp, 8 MB, December 1989) NESHAPS, radiation, HAP This is the final rule for regulating hazardous air pollutants using NESHAP.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
March 7 1989 Proposed Rule (PDF)(58 pp, 9 MB, March 1989) NESHAPS, radiation, 40 CFR 61 This is a proposed rule for the NESHAP requirements.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
September 24 1986 Final Rule (PDF)(13 pp, 3 MB, September 1986) uranium, tailings, NESHAPS, 40 CFR 61 This is a 1986 rule that establishes work practices at uranium tailings facilities.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants; Standard for Radon-222 Emissions From Licensed Uranium Mill Tailings; Proposed Rule and Announcement of Public Hearing (PDF)(11 pp, 1 MB, February 1986) radon, emissions, NESHAPS, HAP, 40 CFR 61 This is the proposed rule and announcement of public hearing for National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants; Standard for Radon-222 Emissions From Licensed Uranium Mill Tailings.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
40 CFR Part 61 General Requirements (PDF)(4 pp, 613 K, November 1985) NESHAPS, 40 CFR 61, HAP, radiation These are the general operating and permitting requirements for NESHAP facilities.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Radionuclides (PDF)(13 pp, 2 MB, October 1984) radionuclides, NESHAPS, radiation This document is EPA's advance notice of a proposed rulemaking concerning radionuclides in 1984.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
40 CFR Part 192 (PDF)(2 pp, 299 K, October 1983) NESHAPS, uranium mills, thorium mills, radioactive, radiation Standards for uranium and thorium mill tailings.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Proposed Standards for Radionuclides (PDF)(17 pp, 2 MB, April 1983) NESHAPS, subpart W, 40 CFR 61 This is a 1983 proposal for regulating hazardous air pollutants.   Subpart W Rulemaking History Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Method 115 (PDF)(3 pp, 458 K, December 1989) radon, emissions, subpart W, NESHAPS This is the monitoring method which must be used to determine radon emissions for Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Documents Subpart W Rulemaking Activity

MARLAP Manual Volume III: Appendix G, Statistical Tables (PDF) (11 pp, 164 K)

nuclear decay emissions, radioanalytical data, calibration, instrumentation Appendix G: Statistical Tables.    MARLAP Manual and Supporting Documents Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP)

Subpart W Stakeholders Conference Call Notes (October 1, 2015) (PDF)(4 pp, 120 K, October 1, 2015)

quarterly, subpart w, attendance

Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on October 1, 2015 regarding Subpart W.

  Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Final Rule (1977) Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (PDF) (5 pp, 55 K, January 13, 1977)  uranium fuel cycle, radiation dos This is the final version of 40 CFR Part 190, as published in the January 13, 1977 Federal Register.  

40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents

Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190)

Poster: Identifying Radioactive Sources at the Demolition Site (PDF) (1 pg, 1 MB) demolition, sources, radioactive sources, orphan

This poster accompanies the training CD created by EPA and the National Demolition Association to help demolition contractors learn how to identify and properly handle radiation sources that could be found at demolition sites.

  Radiation Training Presentations for Scrap Metal Processing and Demolition Sites Radionuclide Basics: Tritium
(Attachment 2) Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Flux Calculations: Pinon Ridge Project, Montrose County, Colorado (PDF) (34 pp, 7 MB) subpart w, neshaps, uranium The radon flux calculations presented in this report were conducted using the WISE Uranium Mill Tailings Radon Flux Calculator, as updated on November 23, 2009 (WISE, 2009).   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: Applications Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Presentation given at Tuba City, AZ Public Information Meeting (PDF) (36 pp, 1 MB, September 15, 2010) 40 CFR Part 192, 40 CFR Part 61, Uranium, Thorium, Mill Tailings, Radon, Subpart W, NESHAP This is the presentation used for the September 2010 public information meeting held in Tuba City, AZ related to 40 CFR Part 192 rulemaking.   Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR Part 192) Electronic Docket EPA-HQ-2012-0788-0001
Environmental Analysis of the Uranium Fuel Cycle: Part III - Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing (PDF) (162 pp, 11 MB, October 1973, 520-9-73-003D) power reactors, fuel, reprocessing, 40 cfr 190 This report is one part of a three-part analysis of the impact of the various operations within the uranium fuel cycle. 520-9-73-003D Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Nuclear Power Operations (40 CFR Part 190) 40 CFR Part 190: Rule Review and Background Documents
Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (January 7, 2016) (PDF) (2 pp, 13 K, January 7, 2016) NESHAPS, regulation, workgroup Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on January 7, 2016 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2016 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (January to March 2016) (PDF) (152 pp, 1 MB, May 12, 2016) Subpart W, tailings, impoundments, evaporations ponds, heap leach piles Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for January - March 2016.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2016 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Subpart W Non-Privileged Records (October - December 2015) (PDF) (40 pp, 1 MB) Subpart W, tailings, impoundments, evaporations ponds, heap leach piles Non-privileged records related to Subpart W rulemaking for October - December 2015.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2015 Non-Privileged Records Subpart W Rulemaking Activity

Subpart W Quarterly Conference Call Notes (April 21, 2016) (PDF)(3 pp, 18 K, April 21, 2016)

NESHAPS, regulation, workgroup Meeting minutes from the quarterly conference call held on April 21, 2016 regarding Subpart W.   Subpart W Rulemaking Activity: 2016 Conference Calls Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Letter to DOE Secretary Ernest Moniz regarding the EPA’s 2012-2014 WIPP BECR Determination (PDF)(2 pp, 2 MB, February 2017) Biennial Environmental Compliance Report, BECR, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP, transuranic, radioactive waste, nuclear waste, waste disposal, WIPP certification, WIPP recertification The EPA’s Determination on the DOE’s 2012-2014 Biennial Environmental Compliance Report (BECR) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).   EPA's Role at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) WIPP News
2017 PAG Manual Webinar (26 pp, 2 MB, February 2017) Drinking water, radiation, PAG, Protective Action, Emergency, PAGs, PAG Manual This webinar provides an overview of the PAG Manual. Also included are key points, a description of revisions, and information on what has changed since the initial 1992 PAG Manual.    PAG Manuals and Resources Protective Action Guides (PAGs)
Environmental Protection Agency: Radiological Emergency Response Plan (100 pp, 1 MB, January 12, 2017) Emergency response, radiation, planning, rdd, ind, national response framework

The EPA-RERP identifies the overall roles, responsibilities, and coordination for management of potential or actual radiological incidents and emergencies and coordination among the following EPA offices and Special Teams.

  Radiological Emergency Response Radiological Emergency Response: Planning and Past Responses
Rapid Method for Sodium Hydroxide Fusion of Asphalt Matrices Prior to Americium, Plutonium, Strontium, Radium, and Uranium Analyses(29 pp, 413.99 K) Emergency response, radiological, radiation, tarmac, blacktop, nuclear, sampling, laboratory analysis The method is applicable to the sodium hydroxide (NaOH) fusion of asphalt samples, prior to the chemical separation procedures. This general method applies to asphalt samples collected following a radiological or nuclear incident. 402-R-16-001 Rapid Radiochemical Methods for Selected Radionuclides Incident Guides
Subpart W: 2017 Final Rule Fact Sheet Uranium mill, tailings, heap, leaching, in-situ, in situ, neshaps, radon, byproduct This factsheet provides an overview of the National Emission Standards for Operating Mill Tailings (Subpart W) final rule, which was published in January 2017. EPA 450-F-17-005 Subpart W: National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings Subpart W Rulemaking Activity
Communicating Radiation Risks: Crisis Communications for Emergency Responders  (43 pp, 19 MB, September 2007) Emergency response, media, public Guidance on communications techniques based on proven risk and crisis communication strategies as well as radiological scenarios and messages for use in radiological emergencies. EPA-402-F-07-008 Radiological Emergency Response PAG Public Communication Resources
Protective Action Questions & Answers for Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies: A companion document to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Protective Action Guide (PAG) Manual  (49 pp, 4 MB, September 2017) Radiological, emergency, IND, nuclear power plant, dirty bomb, messaging, common, pre-scripted Pre-scripted radiation emergency public safety messages intended to help emergency planners prepare public communications prior to and during a radiological emergency. EPA-402-K-17-002 PAG Manuals and Resources PAG Public Communication Resources
Protective Action Area Map Templates  (10 pp, 16 MB, September 2017) Templates for state, local, and tribal governments that need to provide evacuation, go inside, food, and/or drinking water guidance quickly to a population in a specific geographical area. Pre-scripted radiation emergency public safety messages intended to help emergency planners prepare public communications prior to and during a radiological emergency. EPA-402-K-17-003 PAG Manuals and Resources PAG Public Communication Resources
Protective Action Guides (PAGs) for Drinking Water  (30 pp, 2 MB) Radiological, emergency, IND, nuclear power plant, dirty bomb, drinking water, guidance, guidelines, webinar Learn about the new drinking water PAG and how to implement it.   PAG Manuals and Resources PAG Public Communication Resources