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State and Tribal Brownfield Response Programs

State and tribal response programs continue to be at the forefront of Brownfields cleanup and redevelopment, as both the public and private markets recognize the responsibilities and opportunities of these response programs in ensuring protective and sustainable cleanups. The increasing number of properties entering into voluntary response programs emphasizes the states' and tribes' growing role in Brownfields cleanup.

On this page:

Descriptions of State and Tribal Response Programs

Response programs ensure protective and sustainable cleanups. The increasing number of properties entering into voluntary response programs emphasizes the states' and tribes' growing role in Brownfields cleanup. See the Publications page for more information.

Highlights of State and Tribal Response Programs

State and tribal response programs continue to be at the forefront of Brownfields cleanup and redevelopment, as both the public and private markets recognize the responsibilities and opportunities of these response programs in ensuring protective and sustainable cleanups. Read more about Brownfields State and Tribal program updates.

State Voluntary Agreements

State voluntary cleanup programs (VCP) memorandums of agreement (MOA) are agreements between EPA regional authorities and state environmental programs that promote the coordination and define general roles regarding the cleanup of sites. The agreement can further provide the public with the confidence that EPA and the state agency are working in a coordinated manner. Over time, the use of the MOA as a mechanism to strength EPA and state coordination at contaminated sites evolved.

Some MOAs and RCRA memoranda of understanding (MOUs) have included, among other things, a means to recognize the contribution VCPs or other State programs can make in addressing the cleanup and treatment storage and disposal (TSD) facilities and underground storage tanks regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and PCB contaminated sites subject to remediation under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). In 2002, The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) was amended by the Brownfields amendments that provides states and tribes that enter into MOAs with EPA are eligible for response program grants authorized by CERCLA Section 128(a)(1). The following is a current listing of those MOAs and MOUs.

Map of State and Tribal Brownfields Programs 

Brownfields programs are under way in all ten EPA regions, 50 states, territories and tribal lands.  Note that there are 561 federally recognized tribes within the United States. Each tribe is an independent, sovereign nation, responsible for setting standards, making environmental policy, and managing environmental programs on their tribal lands.

To get information about Brownfields programs in states, territories and tribal lands, select the geographic location from the list or map below.  Note: EPA Regional pages include information about land revitalization programs (in addition to Brownfields programs). 

Map of the US, split into EPA regions Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakaota, Utah, Wyoming Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Pacific Islands Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington